The prospect of the return of the death penalty has caused a split among politicians.Society demands shootings

prospect of reviving the death penalty in Russia since 2010 has caused a mixed assessment in the State Duma deputies and politicians in general.Some believe that the issue of returning to such a punishment for a long time is not necessary, and the issue remained to be resolved at the legal level only.Others insist that dangerous criminals should be killed.The question of whether there can be lifted a moratorium on the death penalty in Russia, is now considering the Constitutional Court.The prospect of the revival of the death penalty in Russia since 2010 has caused a mixed assessment in the State Duma deputies and politicians in general.Some believe that the issue of returning to such a punishment for a long time is not necessary, and the issue remained to be resolved at the legal level only.Others insist that dangerous criminals should be killed.The question of whether there can be lifted a moratorium on the death penalty in Russia, is now considering the Constitutional Court.

The moratorium was intro

duced by the Constitutional Court of February 2, 1999.However, since January 1, 2010 the formal basis for the moratorium will disappear, as will be able to bring to the consideration of cases juries throughout the territory of the Russian Federation.At the same time, Russia has signed, but not ratified the sixth protocol to the European Convention on Human Rights concerning the abolition of the death penalty.November 9, the Constitutional Court at the public plenary session will determine whether the right to judge from 2010 to sentence people to death, reports "Interfax".

"I was always for the introduction of the death penalty and was against a moratorium on the death penalty," - said vice-speaker of the State Duma Lyubov Sliska, deputy head of the faction "United Russia".It is necessary, "because Russia is a big country" and because without the death penalty the crime situation in the country deteriorated significantly, said the deputy of the radio station "Echo of Moscow".

Eats need "for serious crimes against children, the elderly, for serious crimes in the economic sphere," Muradova said.She expressed the hope that the Constitutional Court will make "the right decision" and "the death penalty as the punishment will act again in the Criminal Code."

At the same time, many MPs are sure to take the life upon conviction impossible."We have the death penalty is not applied, and that's good," - said Pavel Krasheninnikov, chairman of the Duma Committee on Civil, Criminal, Arbitration and Procedural Legislation.The death penalty has no effect on the crime rate, but because of a miscarriage of justice may die an innocent man, Krasheninnikov said.

"Now the crucial position of the Constitutional Court that he will respond to the Supreme Court and, in fact, all over the country", - said the legislator.According to him, there are several options to avoid the return of the death penalty.For example, it is possible to ratify the protocol on the abolition of the death penalty, to fulfill obligations to the Council of Europe, to amend the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation or delay the introduction of jury trials in Chechnya.

"The death penalty - this is the most dangerous thing" - agrees vice-speaker Vladimir Zhirinovsky of the Liberal Democratic Party.It also offers to ratify the protocol on the abolition of the death penalty.In Europe, the criminals have long ceased to be executed, "and be like in Korea or China that Russia does not make sense," Zhirinovsky sure.

At the political level, the question was settled long ago, the head of the International Affairs Committee Konstantin Kosachev."In Russia, it is impossible to execute criminals now all the legal aspects need to be addressed.", - He says.

Sources in the Kremlin administration also claimed that President Dmitry Medvedev did not intend to cancel the current moratorium.It is expected that this will inform the head of state during the November address to the Federal Assembly.Perhaps the government will delay the formation of jury trials in Chechnya or to postpone decision on the Constitutional Court, the sources said.

But even in the Kremlin, there is no unanimity on the question of the death penalty, it is suggested for the abolition of the moratorium, the source told the newspaper "Vedomosti" in the president's entourage.According to rumors, Dmitry Medvedev made it clear that it is not against the introduction of the death penalty against people who have committed brutal murders of children.However, the official press secretary Natalya Timakova, head of State stated that the issue of lifting the moratorium is not considered.

Russian Orthodox Church believes that you should not use the death penalty."Of course, it is better that the death penalty was not, - said the head of the Synodal Department for Church and Society Relations Archpriest Vsevolod Chaplin, - if the company is strong enough to protect themselves from crime, ill will, it can show mercy to criminals and not to deprive themlife. "

"Yes, in the Old Testament are given direct instructions to execute certain people, too, nothing is said in the New Testament about the denial of death, - he admitted -. But the Christian community has always aimed at maximizing mercy, to ensure that even the worst sinner hastime for repentance. "

Today the country has "sufficient inner strength to not practice the death penalty," said Fr.But "so criminals do not feel their impunity, the law must be inevitable", said Vsevolod Chaplin.Terrorists, child-killers, drug traffickers and mafia leaders to be a long time or permanently remove from society for the protection of law-abiding people, and as a warning to other criminals, believe in the Moscow Patriarchate.

only one death can not solve the problem of crime and terrorism, he believes the president of the Chechen Republic Ramzan Kadyrov.Note that it is Chechnya should be the last of the Federation, where there will be jury trials, and to create a reason for lifting the moratorium.

"Capital punishment is the death penalty is applied in the United States, China, Iran and some other countries Is has it had any effect on the crime rate -. Asked Kadyrov -. In the same America systematically organize massacres in crowded placesincluding schools. "

At the same time, in many countries, where there is no death penalty, crime is "at the lowest level," the president said.In his opinion, it is necessary to take into account the experience of these countries.Another argument against the death penalty is that "there is no guarantee that it is possible to avoid miscarriages of justice leading to the execution completely innocent people," said Ramzan Kadyrov.

Kadyrov emphasized that the executions will not help in the fight against terrorism."Suicide is not afraid of death, he persuaded himself that the death on the contrary the highest good Whether it is possible to stop the threat of the death penalty Of course not, -..? Said the Chechen leader -. For him, the punishment - life imprisonment, that he thought long days in solitary concretecamera, no one has seen, not heard, not communicated to it, being on the cold bunks, day and night dreaming of approaching death, and he was not allowed to die. "

Despite all the arguments against the death penalty, the Russian society the past 20 years in favor of "an exceptional measure of punishment".The number of executions of supporters remained at the same level, says "Kommersant".

In 1989, in a poll of All-Union Public Opinion Research Center 65% of respondents were "to retain the death penalty, or even the expansion of its application."In November 1997, 70% of survey participants, conducted by the Fund "Public opinion", opposed the abolition of the death penalty.In May 1999, 68% of respondents considered the fund that should lead to the execution of the sentences already.In February 2006, 63% of respondents said that Russia should return to the use of the death penalty.

Paradoxically, the Russians want to return to the shooting, although do not trust the judiciary and law enforcement agencies.In June 2008, 43% of respondents fund "Public opinion" stated that the courts often endure unjust sentences.At the same time 46% of respondents admitted they did not trust the police.