In Stockholm began Nobel Prize 2008

Nobel Prize in literature, medicine, physics, chemistry, as well as in economics Prize began in the Stockholm Concert Hall.Nobel Prize in literature, medicine, physics, chemistry, as well as in economics Prize began in the Stockholm Concert Hall.

Nobel diplomas and medals in the presence of 1,500 guests will award the winners of the King of Sweden Carl XVI Gustaf.

According to tradition, at the Concert Hall are not only the 2008 laureates of the year and the royal family, but also the holders of the Nobel Prize in previous years, members of the Board of the Nobel Foundation, members of the Royal Academy of Sciences and the Swedish Academy.

Nobel Prize winner 2008 were a total of 12 people - citizens of the USA, France, Japan, Germany and Finland.In Stockholm for health reasons the award ceremony are not present, only one of the winners - 87-year-old American physicist Nambu Yoitiro.

Monetary compensation, which this year is in each category one million euros, is awarded to the tradition, after the c

eremony of awarding the Nobel laureates.

Concert Hall of the Swedish capital and a banquet hall City Hall, where Nobel dinner takes place, decorated with more than 20 thousand colors, in the range of which is dominated by red and green colors.

Flowers delivered annually from the Italian city of San Remo, where he spent his last years award founder Alfred Nobel, who died on December 10, 1896.

After the awards ceremony in the Blue Hall of Stockholm City Hall, approximately at 21.00 MSK, held the Nobel banquet, which invited around 1,300 guests, 170 of them - students.

festive dinner menu is kept secret until the start of the banquet.However, we know that in recent years it is dominated by Nordic motifs.This year's Nobel guests will be served by 30 chefs and 230 waiters.After dinner will be held on the Nobel ball.

Nobel Prize is considered to be the main point of the Nobel Week program, which in 2008 held in Stockholm and Oslo from 7 to 12 December.

tenth day of December the Nobel day started at Oslo City Hall, where in the middle of the day the former president of Finland, Martti Ahtisaari was awarded the prize of this year's World.

In total, the Nobel laureate, awarded since 1901, as well as the economic memory of Alfred Nobel Prize laureates steel 809, among which 789 people and 20 organizations.

holders of the Nobel Prize for Literature this year, 2008, was the writer of France, Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio.

Nobel Peace Prize awarded to former Finnish President Martti Ahtisaari for his thirty years of peacekeeping in different continents.

winner of the award in medicine or physiology in this year became one researcher from Germany and two scientists from France - Professor Harald zur Hausen of the German Center for Research on Cancer (Heidelberg), a researcher at the French Pasteur Institute Françoise Barré-Sinoussi and her colleague LucMontagnier, a representative of World Wide Fund for research on AIDS and prevent its spread (Paris).

scientist from the United States and two researchers from Japan have become laureates in Physics Prize.Half of the prize is awarded Yoitiro Nambu, a professor at the Enrico Fermi Institute (University of Chicago, USA).The second half of the prize will be shared by Japanese scientists: Professor Research Center for High Energy Physics - KEK (Tsukuba) Makoto Kobayashi and Professor of Theoretical Physics Institute YITP (Kyoto University) Toshihide Maskawa.

Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2008 was awarded to three scientists from the United States.It will be divided Simumora Osamu - Japanese citizen who works in the US Marine Biology Laboratory in Massachusetts (Boston), Martin Chalfie of Columbia University (New York) and Roger Tsen, a professor of the University of California (San Diego).

winner Prize in Economics, established by the Swedish State Bank in 1968 in memory of Alfred Nobel, was an American researcher Paul Krugman of Princeton University, USA.