average pension in Russia will increase by 571 rubles., Or 15.5% in 2008, said Friday the Pension Fund of Russia (PFR).Independent experts have warned that the rise in price of consumer basket retired in 2008 may exceed the rate of increase of pensions.Only utility services in accordance with the government's plans should grow by 17% .Srednyaya pension in Russia in 2008 increased by 571 rubles., Or 15.5%, said Friday the Pension Fund of Russia (PFR).Independent experts have warned that the rise in price of consumer basket retired in 2008 may exceed the rate of increase of pensions.Only utility services in accordance with the government's plans should grow by 17%.
«The average size of pensions will increase by 571 rubles, or 15.5%, and will make at the beginning of 2009 4251 the ruble," - said in a statement FIU.In particular, the average size of the labor retirement pension will increase to 4587 rubles, and the average social pension -. Up to 3216 rubles.Much more substantial payments will receive inva
At the same pension in 2008 will be raised not once, but in several stages.Budget Law FIU involves, in particular, the growth of the insurance part of labor pension: from 1 February to 8% as the indexation of the price growth for 2007 and on April 1, a further 7.5%.In addition, from 1 August to 15% of the base will be increased (CU) of the retirement pension, as well as all state pensions, which are calculated according to the warhead of the retirement pension.
absolute growth of pensions by 15.5%, it would seem, is to improve the material position of pensioners, as the official inflation forecast for 2008 is much lower - only 6-7%.However, experts warn that the ongoing costs grow old much faster than calculated by Rosstat, the average inflation rate."God grant that in all the increase of pensions retirees did not live worse than in 2007", - said the head of the Center for Social Innovation and Research Institute of Economics Yevgeny Gontmakher.According to him, "consumer basket pensioner consists primarily of the cost of food, housing and medicine, and the goods and services rise in price much faster than the general price increase in the country."
According Gontmahera, more objective indicator of the growth of retirees is the rising cost of spending a minimum food basket.According to Rosstat, the set becomes more expensive in recent years, several times faster than the official inflation target.The exceptions are the summer months when vegetables and fruits are becoming cheaper by a few percent, and reduce the minimum expenditure of citizens.So, to the beginning of August the price of a minimum food basket increased by 17.1%, while the official inflation rate was less than half.A higher "inflation for the poor" - is not the only factor in the deterioration of life of pensioners.The government has planned for 2008 growth in the value of housing services by 17%, and the growth of real wages by 12.1%.Nominal wages grow at the same time more than 19%.Thus, the increase in average wages outstrip the increase in pensions, and would lead to relative impoverishment of pensioners.A faster growth of the cost of utilities will punch another hole in their pocket.
The FIU recognize that, despite the planned increase in 2008, the average social pension is still not reach the subsistence minimum for pensioners.It will be only 98.3% of this figure.Meanwhile, it is worth recalling that the very subsistence level is calculated in more than a modest basket of food.For example, in Moscow, even after the official increase in the minimum norms of consumption of meat, fish, milk and vegetables picked exclusively to pensioners Spartan diet.The daily ration of a pensioner must include no more than 71 grams of fruit, 41 grams of fish, about half of the eggs and 270 grams of bread, pasta and legumes - in terms of flour.