Spain.Wines of Spain

As in all major wine producing countries, Spain has a quality control system of local wines, in accordance with their "names of origin» - Denomination de origen (D. O.).Since 1932, the Governing Council Special strictly monitor compliance with a number of restrictions: the grape variety, the number of plants and the maximum yield per unit area, especially production technologies, the terms and conditions of the wine extracts.Manufacturer (bodega), acquired the right to include your area DO labels, deserves our vnimaniya.V Catalunya, in the extreme north-east of the country, located near Barcelona D. O. Penedes, which are produced ( "according to the traditional champagne method") Spanishsparkling wine - the famous "kava» (Cava).All have long known that this champagne is only in France, but the high quality of the Spanish sparkling and recognized professionals and consumers.In the process of its production and can be viewed in person.Thus, multi-storey cellars of the wine company «Codorniu», where tens o

f millions of bottles are stored and briskly run small electric train, have already been hundreds of thousands of visitors (!) - From the Spanish King Juan Carlos I to ordinary tourists from around the world.

D. O. Alella - one of the smallest wine-growing regions of Spain, a total of about 500 hectares of vineyards.But he has a great location - 20 km to the north of Barcelona.There have always done good white semi-dry wine.The grapes are grown at the foot of the mountain slopes facing the Mediterranean Sea.The unique microclimate of these places with an average annual temperature of about 16 ° C promotes, in particular, a good harvest of Chardonnay varieties.

Basque Country - the most northerly wine-growing region of Spain.Here in the small vineyards in the harsh climatic conditions (low temperatures, rainfall, constant wind from the sea) silent Basques cultivated two unique grape varieties of which produce wine under the title "chakoli» (Chacoli).Tart, light (9,5 °) white wines, which are selected not very mature grapes, well go to the local seafood and amazingly combined with the local rabbit dishes.

world-famous Rioja wine region is located off the beaten tourist routes, in the Ebro Valley, in the north it cover mountains of Cantabria.It is believed that the tradition of winemaking in this area about 2,000 years.Local red wines - the pride and glory of the Rioja -proizvodyatsya mostly of Tempranillo grapes.If the label is marked simply Rioja - is, as a rule, wine, bottled for sale in the first year.Marking crianzaoznachaet Rioja, the wine for at least one year in oak barrels held and for some time in the bottle, and it goes on sale until the third year.Even better category reserva: a year in the barrel, the year in a bottle and sell until the 4th year.But best of all Gran reserva - this wine from the best harvests of years, kept it at least 2 years in barrels and bottled 3, selling begin no earlier than the 6th year.From Rioja wines go well with dishes from almost any meat.

In the east of Spain is the Costa Blanca with an international airport in Alicante.The closest wine region is called - D. Alicante OA.There are good and white, and pink, and light young red wines.The local specialty - a unique red wine Fondillonkrepostyu not less than 16 °.It is produced from the Monastrell grape and aged from 8 to 20 or more years in oak barrels.

In the south of the country, in Andalusia - the world-famous "sherry triangle" between the towns of Jerez de la Frontera, Puerto de Santa María and Sanlúcar de Bar rameda, in which alone the productionthis sherry - from very dry to very sweet.A rare combination of natural conditions, special varieties of grapes (Palomino, Pedro Ximenez, Moscatel) and the unique production technology (so-called solera) has for several centuries give a stunning result.For different types of sherry wines are set fairly rigid boundaries for alcohol content: fino and manzanilla -by 15,5-17 °, amontillado- 16-18 °, oloroso and palo cortado - at 18-20 °.The symbol of one of the largest producers of sherry - powerful black bull - ideally matched in the minds of millions of people on various continents with the image of Spain itself, its huge images stand in the roadside hills in the most unexpected places, decorating discreet Spanish landscape.Classical Spanish jerked ham, the famous "Hamon» (Jamon), perfectly just with dry sherry.

In the same Andalusia and other known wine region - D. O. Malaga.The main wine-making area is located along the Costa del Sol and to the north of Malaga.It is believed that the first vineyards are laid down by the ancient Greeks or the Phoenicians - lovers of sweet and fortified wines.Wine category Malaga dulce ( «sweet Málaga") are made from berries that after collecting podvyalivayut especially in the hot sun on special mats, achieving an even greater concentration of sugar.Sweet wines from Malaga is usually consumed with desserts or after a meal like digestives.Most often indicated on the label «sirvase frio» - «served chilled", although there are a group of so-called "hot" wines, served at a temperature of about 20 ° C, which allows them to experience the rich flavor and aroma.

Mallorca Island - the largest of the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea.The local wine is well known since the time of Roman rule, that is more than 2000 years, but the official status (D. O. Binissalem) region received only recently, in 1991. Although the north-west the vineyards covered mountain range, sea winds purged small ingeneral, the island through and through, that gives a special taste of Mallorcan wines.Deserved popularity far beyond Mallorca liquors are local herbs.Small bottles of the original form with a sprig of unknown plants in well go as souvenirs.

Tenerife - the largest of the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean.His major wine regions (D. O. Tacoronte-Acentejo and Valle de la Orotava) located in the north and north-east.Tiny vineyards, terraces flowing from the volcanic slopes and produce excellent wines, is enough to mention at least a red or white Balcon Canario La Isleta.

Finally, D. O. Vinos de Madrid.Yes, the capital of Spain, too, can offer their wines.However, the vineyards are not located within the city and within walking distance - to the south-west and south-east.Although the wine in this region make already 400 years, the status of D. O. pri¬svoen Madrid only in 1990, features local wines associated with a pronounced continental climate - very hot summers and very cold winters.Manufactured in the outskirts of Madrid are mainly young wines for immediate consumption on the premises.The main grape variety - red Garnacha.

And finally - the legendary "sangria" (with the correct emphasis on the word "and").In fact, it is not wine, but a kind of cocktail on the basis of dry red wine, which add a bit of sherry brandy, orange juice and sliced ​​fruits.

information is provided by the guide Polyglott