History and culture Monaco

History of Monaco - is largely the history of the Grimaldi family, which is the owner of these lands.In 1918, between Monaco and France signed a contract, according to which after the complete disappearance of the Grimaldi dynasty, Monaco would be the Autonomous region of France.

Modern Monaco area was inhabited as far back as the era of the Stone Age.According to legend, a young Corsican named Devote was executed in the days of the Roman era, her body was placed in a boat and sent to Africa.Boat off course and ran aground off the coast of Monaco, where the state in honor of the girl's was founded.

first large-scale construction here began in the days of Genoese Ghibellines dynasty that rules of Monaco in the 13th century.But the January 8, 1297 the first representative of the genus Grimaldi sneaked into Ghibelline stronghold, attacking them from the rear, and thereby ensured a hassle-free accommodation to their descendants for the next 700-m years.

In 1489, French King Charles VIII recognized the in

dependence of Monaco.Although some Spanish domination over Monaco in the period from 1524 to 1641, France and Monaco have always been good neighbors, although there were apart from each other.However, the proprietary nature of France prevailed, and in 1793 during the new revolutionary regime Monaco land were annexed.In 1861, Monaco's independence was restored, and controversy in recent decades confined to issues in the field of tax legislation - Monaco refuses to tax the citizens of France and French companies in its territory.

Monaco Modern history is inextricably linked to its present ruler.Born in 1923, Prince Rainier III ascended to the throne in 1949. His fairy-tale marriage to movie star Grace Kelly in 1956 was the "icing on the piece of cake", which further strengthened the image of glamorous Monaco.When the royal family is made up of long-legged models and stunningly beautiful screen stars, all the issues of democracy seem somewhat boring.However, the prince has tremendous executive authority that is alleged to be ranked higher than the nominal head of state.

Since Monaco residents are exempt from income tax, the principality is something of a "tax shelter" for the private equity world elite public.Anonymity is strictly protected bank deposits.Famous sports persons and film constantly to attend the expensive shops and riding on luxury cars, they know that in Monaco their money is safe.At the same time in 1993 the principality is a full member of the UN.

Tourism in all its manifestations, from day trips to visit the various delegations of the country, is the backbone of the economy and, together with the banking sector is the basis of the country's budget.

taken various measures for the modernization of Monaco, for example, in mid-2002 was here built impressive size floating dock, which allowed to double port capacity.In the same year, laws guaranteeing the power of the Grimaldi family in the country have been taken, even if Crown Prince Albert will not leave behind a successor.

It can be assumed that the culture of Monaco - it's always a new beautiful clothes, martinis and eating without cutlery.However, there are many cultural institutions, most of which appeared in the 17th century under the patronage of Prince Honoré III, in including the Monte Carlo Philharmonic, Ballet Monet Carlo, an opera and several theaters.

If we discard all the "perfect makeup" Monaco, you can find the remains of a very religious and spiritual culture.Legend of Devote, the patron saint and founder of Monaco, is a cherished part of the heritage of the country.Every year on January 27 at the Church of St.. Devote in her honor takes office.Monaco also revered saints such as St. Roman (martyred Roman soldier), and St. John.