Klimt and Austria.Modernism in Vienna

Gustav Klimt (1862-1918), painting genius and pioneer of modernism in the 1900s, would have celebrated in 2012 its 150th birthday.His paintings - primarily, "Kiss", one of the most famous paintings in the world - represent a time which meant a breakthrough in the development of modernism.In the anniversary year 2012, many Viennese museums organize in honor of Gustav Klimt special exhibition.

Belvedere in Vienna owns 22 paintings by Klimt - the largest collection of his paintings in the world.Major works are also in the Leopold Museum in the Museum Quarter, the Museum of Vienna and the Albertina, important documents related to Klimt and temporarily stored at the Austrian Museum of Applied Arts (MAK) and the National Library.In 2012, in the anniversary year of Gustav Klimt in Vienna, you can feel the impact the artist and his entourage - "Viennese Modernism" - to this day has on our thinking and life, and why does not weaken the power of the charm of that era.

in Vienna in the 1900s in all areas of conc

entrated high culture.In the literature, the visual arts, architecture and music new and fundamental arise in such quantities and at such a rate that it is difficult to find an equal.In 1910, Vienna with two million inhabitants, is the fifth largest city in the world and the undisputed concentration of the culture of Central Europe.In his paintings, Gustav Klimt embodied knowledge and the development of the arts and sciences of this period and the rise of the fracture.From an artistic point of view, the works of Gustav Klimt reflect the way from the "Ringstrasse era" to the birth of abstraction.Influenced by Hans Makart, set the tone of the Viennese artist coming to the end of the 19th century, Klimt with his brother Ernst and Franz Machem taking orders for decoration of some buildings on the Ringstrasse.For example, they made out ladder Kunsthistorisches Museum and Burgtheater.Further work by Klimt and his style has developed over the years, in turn, paved the way for his younger contemporaries - Egon Schiele and Oskar Kokoschka.

Secession and Wiener Werkstätte

still visible traces of the artistic association "Vienna Secession" that Klimt and his fellow artists decided to found in 1897 as a "protest" against the outdated understanding of art.Created by Josef Maria Olbrich then, colleague Otto Wagner, Secession exhibition hall is decorated with a guiding motto "Time - his art, the art - his freedom."Klimt wrote this showroom Beethoven Frieze.One of the founders of the Secession was the architect Josef Hoffmann.However, artists have created perhaps the most significant in the world of work of universal art nouveau - Stockley Palace in Brussels.Significant influence on Klimt also had founded in 1903 by Josef Hoffmann and Kolo Moser Wiener Werkstätte, a long time to change the representation of the design.Witnesses creativity of these artists are in Vienna not only in museums and private collections - they leave their imprint on the image of the whole city.

dramatic transformation at the turn of the century took place and the structure of society.In Klimt's portraits of women traced the development of self-confident bourgeoisie.By creating in 1898 a portrait of Sonja Knips, Klimt became wealthy large portrait of the Viennese bourgeoisie.Such his paintings as portraits of Fritz Ridler or Adele Bloch-Bauer (one of the most expensive paintings in the world), and admired to this day, as well as portraits of his long-term life partner Emilie Louise Flöge, emancipated and modern woman.

Gustav Klimt in Vienna

many works by Gustav Klimt, first of all, the early period of his work can be constantly admired in Vienna's cultural institutions: the Vienna Secession, one of the founders of which was Klimt, not only refers to the most beautiful sights of the citybut also keeps the world-famous Beethoven frieze.Introduced in 1902 on the three walls of a series of paintings (the size of 34 x 2 meters) is dedicated to the composer Ludwig van Beethoven.(Secession, Friedrichstraße 12, 1010 Wien, www. Secession. At)

On the stairs of the Kunsthistorisches Museum, you can see 40 nadsvodnyh intercolumned and paintings that adorn the narrow sections of the walls between the arches and columns.Eleven of these paintings were painted by Gustav Klimt, others - his brother Ernst and Franz Machem.They depict the history of art and artistic crafts from ancient Egyptian beginnings to modern history.(Kunsthistorisches Museum, Maria-Theresien-Platz, 1010 Wien, www. Khm. At)

Precious sketch drawings by Gustav Klimt for the ceiling paintings of the grand staircase Burgtheater were at the end of the 1990s found in the theater attic and saved from destruction.Today, the preparatory drawings, exhibited in their own "Klimt Hall" among which also is the only self-portrait.They can be viewed in the framework of guided tours (as well as the ceiling paintings on the stairs).(Burgtheater, Dr.-Karl-Lueger-Ring 2 1010 Wien, www. Burgtheater. At)

Together with Josef Hoffmann, Gustav Klimt worked on the Stoclet Palais in Brussels, for which in the period from 1905 to 1909 made a sketch of the so-calledStockley frieze.A total of nine working drawings to them can be seen today in the Austrian Museum of Applied Arts (MAK).In addition, a MAK owns the legacy of the famous Wiener Werkstätte, which includes conceptual design, product catalogs, photo, pattern patterns, embroidery, as well as a complete archive of the company.In 2012, the MAK will show many exhibits related to the Wiener Werkstätte.Among them you can see the pieces of furniture, vases, dishes and postcards Josef Hoffmann, Kolo Moser, Dagobert Pehe and other employees of Wiener Werkstätte.(MAK, Stubenring 5, 1010 Wien, www. Mak. At)

supposed to 150th birthday of Gustav Klimt (14/07/2012), after an extensive renovation, again opens the last artist's studio, where he worked from 1911 until hisdeath in 1918.On the ground floor of the building Feldmyulgasse in the 13th district, it will be a museum, which should be transmitted atmosphere the life and work of Klimt (Klimt Villa, Feldmühlgasse 15a, 1130 Wien, www. Klimt. At)