Valentin Serov

Valentin Serov was born in St. Petersburg, January 7, 1865 in the family of the famous composer AN Serov.Since childhood the future artist was surrounded by an atmosphere of art.In addition to musicians, in their house there were MM Antokolsky, Ilya Repin.In addition, the future artist's father himself was a passionate lover of the drawing.A rare observation and the ability to draw the boy woke up early, and the conditions under which he grew up, favored the development of talent.He first studied at the German artist-etcher A. Camping, then his teacher was Ilya Repin, who, on the advice of Mark Antokolsky, VS Serov showed pictures son.

Repin begins to engage with the young Serov, first in Paris and then in Moscow and Abramtsevo.After a trip with his talented pupil in Zaporozhye Repin 1880 he sends it to the Academy of Fine Arts to the illustrious PP Chistyakov.

Here the young artist won the respect of his talent is admired.PP Chistyakov talking about Serov, he has not seen in the other person that mea

sure the full artistic comprehension of art, which was released the nature of his pupil."And drawing and coloring and chiaroscuro, and specificity, integrity and a sense of its mission and the composition - everything was in Serov, it was superlative."

Friends of the artist, his contemporaries noted precious human qualities of his nature, a rare directness and honesty.

great importance in the formation of artistic views had life Serov Abramtsevo and Domotkanovo.Mid nature with trees, glades, gullies, groves, with vicinities Russian villages loved by the painter since childhood, and the house Mamontov, where on the sketches of scenery worked Korovin Vrubel, where there was a workshop majolica, which successfully went private opera, inspired by the artist on the happycreative success.At the age of twenty-two or twenty-three Serov creates works that have become classics in Russian art.

in Abramtsevo he wrote the famous portrait of twelve Faith Mammoth "Girl with Peaches" (1887, TG), in which the artist, as he writes, wanted to preserve the "freshness of the painting with the full stage, like the old masters."The portrait was created Domotkanovo cousin "Girl in the Sunlight" (1888, TG).Remembering this time, Maria Y. Simonovic wrote: "We are working heavily, both equally enthusiastic: he is the best writing, and I the importance of his appointment, he was looking for a new transmission method on the canvas infinitely varied play of light and shadow with the color of freshness I've stayed three..months and almost without interruption, except for those few sessions, which had to delay because of bad weather. In these unfortunate omissions he wrote pond "(" Overgrown pond. Domotkanovo "1888, TG).Both portraits are filled with not only the enthusiasm of a new technique of painting, but also a special spirituality and poetic, that once contributed a young artist and made him famous.For painting "Girl with Peaches" Serov won the Moscow Society of Lovers of Fine Arts, and the second portrait once bought P. Tretyakov.

The favorite Domotkanovo were created such works as the "October" (1895, TG), "Strigunov" (1898, TG), "Baba with a horse (1898, TG), and many drawings to Krylov's fables.

In 1887Serov married Olga Feodorovna Trubnikov. The family was large and friendly. Children VA Serov loved tenderly and happily wrote them. Portrait of a painting "Children" (1899, RM), which depicts the artist's sons Yuri and Sasha, drawing "SistersBotkins "(1900, TG), a portrait of Mickey Morozova (1901, TG) attract lyricism and subtle comprehension of the nature of child

his friend A. Mamontov Serov reported in 1890:". I wrote in Kostroma two portraits.Just getting portretchikom whose spirit person before him, "do Serov leading portraitist in Russia Serov's portraits - his contemporaries, are different in nature, the inner world of" subtle psychological insight, the ability to see and show, ".:. Temperamental singer F. Tamagno (1891, TG), which has, in the figurative expression of the artist, the "golden throat" cheerful each landscape artist Konstantin Korovin (1891, TG), soulful Isaac Levitan (1893, TG), stressed, nervous G. N. Leskov (. 1894, TG)

eldest daughter Serov in the memories of his father wrote, with some creative combustion artist worked on portraits

"But his eyes -. eyes glancing quickly, with such intensity, with such a desire to see and reach everything you need it,that opinion seemed lightning particle, like lightning, it instantly as it covered all down to the smallest details. "

In the mid 90-ies Serov precipitated senior customers. After writing a portrait of Maria Feodorovna Morozova (1897, RM), mother arhimillionerov Morozov, andpaintings, portrait Botkina SM (1899, RM), shown at the Paris World exhibition, a new line in the artist.His contemporaries said that Serov often afraid, afraid of his foresight, integrity assessment, even criticized the fact that he sharzhiruet model."I Do not overact, - he answered, - what to do if the cartoon is sitting in the model than I am guilty I just spotted, noticed?".

In Serov's portraits - not negative or positive analysis of the properties of human and caustic irony, or wit, expressed as a brilliant aesthetic form.These features are different portraits of the Princes Yusupov (1901-1903, RM), which Serov began to write in St. Petersburg in 1901, and then to their family estate near Moscow Arkhangelsk, portrait of a privat-docent of Moscow University, millionaire MA Morozova (1902,TG).Especially famous portrait of the banker O. Hirschman (1911, TG), which, according to the testimony of the daughter of Serov, "all begged to remove his hand, which he seems to be took out gold from his pocket."

Serov did not intend to expose it only sharpened the features that were often deeply hidden in nature and is not visible to everyone.When the same man he was pleasant, although it was also the official order, under the brush master arose attractive image, for example, 3. B. Yusupov (1902, RM) charming femininity and softness, GL Ghirshman (1907, TG) is differentaristocratic delicacy.

picturesque skill, perfection Serov unusually high figure.The completeness of the emotional impact of the artist's works is due to the ability to find the exact visual tools and in perfect shape to realize a multi-faceted picture of life.Portrait by VA Serova- "Portrait Portretych" is jokingly called the genre the artist - not just a talented recreation features individual person but s world in which man lives portrayed.

revolution of 1905 left its mark in the artistic heritage and the life of the artist.It was during these years a shape Serov citizen, is acutely aware of social injustice.In St. Petersburg Serov witnessed the shooting of the workers on the 5th line of Vasilevsky Island and it shocked him ... "He heard the shots, saw killed since then its character has changed dramatically - he became morose, sharp, quick-tempered and impatient:. Especially surprised allhis extreme political views, "- wrote Repin, Serov.In protest, he resigned from the full members of the Academy of Arts.On the day of the liberation of political prisoners, Serov was at the Taganka prison, was at the University, where to build barricades, and at the funeral of Bauman.The album of the artist appeared drawings: Cossacks attack on unarmed people, and then painting, executed in tempera, "Soldiers, bravo lads, where is your glory?"(1905, RM), "Barricades, funerals Bauman" (1905, The State Museum of the Revolution.), Sharp political cartoons, which exposed Nicholas II as the executioner of the revolution: "1905: After pacification", "1905.crop Prospects 1906 "(1905, TG).

During these years more to hone skills Serov-painter.Portraits, paintings FIShalyapin, Stanislavsky and IM Moskvin, Kachalov, Rimsky-Korsakov, Mikhail Vrubel, LN Andreeva are the pride of Russian art.

At the turn of 1890-1900's, the artist turns to the past of Russian history.It appears cycle of pencil drawings, gouaches, watercolors, tempera paintings, oil.Small compositions seem extraordinarily vital, though written from nature ( "Check for hunting of Peter II and Elizabeth", 1900, RM).

heroic epoch of Peter 1, harsh and unprecedented, seizes the imagination of the artist.One of the best songs - tempera "Peter 1" (1907, TG).Peter on the "Crane" feet, a formidable and rapid moves towards a strong wind.His absurd carnival suites (such unusual shapes take their clothes fluttering in the wind) barely moves him.In a rapid step toward the new construction of Peter, in boiling water, slender masts of the ships in the clouds rushing - in all sense of the dynamics of changes that were made possible thanks to the pressure of the will, the energy vortex onslaught of courageous people.

In May 1907 Serov, goes to Greece, which made a great impression on him.In the antique classics decorative painter fascinated by the monuments, their proportionality.It seeks to implement what he saw and convey the essence of the legendary history, the beauty of the Hellenic mythology.The artist creates a poetic tale "The Rape of Europa" (1910, TG) and a variety of options, "Odysseus and Navzikai" (1910, State Tretyakov Gallery).

No less interesting is the work of Serov in the theater.His curtain for the ballet "Scheherazade" was a great success in Paris and London.

interest in monumental and decorative art was caused and a special solution portrait dancer Ida Rubinstein (1910, RM).Serov is in the guise of an actress features authentic East and compared it with figures of ancient bas-reliefs.

The portraits of recent years - OK Orlova (1911, RM), O. Hirschman (1911, TG) - the artist strives for heightened expressive forms.This is particularly noticeable in the portrait GL Ghirshman (1911, TG) and the unfinished portrait PI Scherbatova.

Early in the morning on December 5 (22 November) 1911 VA Serov hurry to portrait session to Shcherbatov ... collapsed and died from an attack of angina ... He died in the prime of creativity, at the age of forty-six years ...

Death artist shocked his contemporaries.I bow before the talent of the master poet Bryusov wrote: "Serov was a realist in the best sense of the word he saw the unmistakable secret truth of life, and what he wrote, reveals the very essence of the phenomena that other eyes are not able to see.".

Used materials article Petrova OFfrom the book: Dmitrienko AF Kuznetsova EV, Petrov OF, Fedorov NA50 short biographies of the masters of Russian art.Leningrad, 1971