Andrei Tarkovsky .Fearless pace stalker

Passion neat boy

His father - a famous and very good poet Arseny Tarkovsky.Mother - actress, who starred in including, and in the paintings of his son.However, when the future of the famous director was only five years old, his father left the family.

A Andrei Tarkovsky was born in the village of Zavrazhye Ivanovo region, in April 1932.The family lived in Moscow, in Schipkovsky lane that now serving.Here Tarkovsky was in high school, along with other famous now Andrew from the art world - the poet Voznesensky.

According to his classmates, Tarkovsky in childhood was a sense of chosenness, aristocratic.He was among the boys always neat and fresh, a youth dressed provocatively fashionable, although the family was very poor, especially after the departure of his father.Behaved Andrei relaxed, even with the teachers spoke as equals.Apparently, a sense of inner freedom he had congenital.

In the humanities, he had one five, passion for diverse knowledge was serious and real.However, his calling Andrei T

arkovsky is not yet aware of.After school he entered the Moscow Institute of Oriental Studies at the Faculty of Arabic.But I studied there for only a year, he went to work in a geological party.And only then I realized that he wanted to serve art, to contemporary art in those years - the cinema.

VGIK he learned on the now legendary course - along with Vasily Shukshin, Andron Konchalovsky, Elem Klimov and other stars kinopokoleniya.In the years of study most friends with Konchalovsky, term papers, specialty they did together.Later Konchalovsky will be co-wrote one of the most high-profile of Tarkovsky's films - "Andrei Rublev".But it will be then.

A first work of director Andrei Tarkovsky was the painting "Ivan's Childhood", spoke about the last war vividly, tragically, in unusually sharp form, reveals the profound philosophical and psychological content.The premiere of "Ivan's Childhood" was held in 1962, the film immediately went to the prestigious International Film Festival in Venice, where he won the main prize - "Golden Lion".Since then, the cinema and the public of the West closely followed with interest the work of Tarkovsky, and later for his fate.

journey into the recesses of the soul

Already in the film "Ivan's Childhood" Tarkovsky showed himself a director who knows how to open the screen not only the events, but also the deep inner feelings characters in the movie.His next work - the historical epic "Andrei Rublev", which was called "The Passion According to Andrei" in the original author's version.In this film, Tarkovsky, taking advantage of the similarity of names, in some way identified with the ancient Russian icon painter Rublev, showing the audience the life and essence of medieval Russia at the same time the eyes of the protagonist of the film and their own.The objective story about historical events in the film Tarkovsky appeared as a subjective observation and perception is not a scientist, historian and artist.

Unfortunately, "Andrei Rublev" was born when the country of the liberal "thaw" passed to the blunt "stagnation."Communist officials from the art have seen the film some unfavorable parallels with contemporary reality, many semi-literate "art in civilian clothes" irritated and unusual shape of the product.With big censorship amendments "Andrei Rublev" was released in a limited number of domestic rolled film-copies.But abroad, our party leaders boasted art painting Tarkovsky, demonstrating that even under socialism, an unusual artist has the opportunity to be realized.

It was a propaganda lie: creative ideas of Andrei Tarkovsky, one after another rejected arrogant and fearful power.Over twenty years of work in film director allowed to do at home only five films, and the output of each of them was accompanied by humiliating bullying - endless quibbling, as amended, the organization baiting in the press, political accusations, although no fighting with the Communists Tarkovsky did not conduct.He was just an honest artist, seeks to know the mysteries of the world and man.

His fantastic philosophical parable "Solaris" explored the unknown outside world, and the complex curves of the human psychology.In the autobiographical confession "Mirror" Tarkovsky tried to express on their childhood memories screen dreams Association.He considered cinema capable of true philosophical and psychological work.His film "Stalker" combined the attempt to approach the unknowable in the outside world, it was a dive into the recesses of the human soul.

Pictures Tarkovsky did not fit into the repertoire of Soviet cinema, which is often made films, illustrations for the party Central Committee resolution - a team contract in the village of cost accounting in production, labor discipline, fulfillment of the plan and other vnehudozhestvennyh categories, as well as bleached terribleand dirty history of the Soviet regime.Not on their own Tarkovsky has appeared in this series some dissident Russian cinema.

Meanwhile, abroad Tarkovsky films were evaluated as serious works of art.Pictures disgraced director constantly received prizes and awards in international competitions.In the early 80-ies of the last century is now Andrei Tarkovsky was invited to make a film in Italy.

Last sacrifice

hero of his Italian painting "Nostalgia" was a Russian emigre, whose role in the film played by Oleg Yankovsky.The tape was essentially apolitical, but still aroused the suspicions of the ideological Soviet regime survives, as soon became clear, his last years.After filming "Nostalgia" Tarkovsky was offered to work abroad again, he agreed.However vigilant party officials decided that it is enough to stick out abroad and should be back in the USSR.Although there is no work, he did not offer.

Since childhood, endowed with a heightened sense of self-esteem, Andrei Tarkovsky decided that his fate should he dispose himself.He refused to return to the Soviet Union, for which he immediately declared a traitor (what? Who?), The films were removed from rental, forbidden to mention the name.Wife and son refused to release to Tarkovsky abroad.

should be noted that, being exposed to persecution at home, Tarkovsky never gave in, not give up, did not go on the creative compromises.He was fearless and firm, like a stalker of his paintings.It must have often embraced despair, but the director does not lose heart, do not get hysterical, I did not resort to alcohol.However, the excitement of being separated from his family, perhaps forever, as well as the undeniable experience of a sharp turn in the life, affected his health.

In Sweden, he begins shooting his latest film "Sacrifice" - a philosophical parable chamber.Health continues to deteriorate.Western community stands up for the director - to have an opportunity to come to Tarkovsky and his wife and son.Doctors put a terrible diagnosis: cancer.French film star Marina Vlady, associated with Russia and the origin and family ties (it was a long time, the wife of Vladimir Vysotsky), Tarkovsky has all kinds of assistance, including financial.He goes to an expensive and prestigious hospital in the suburbs of Paris, but the medicine is already powerless.In December 1986, Andrei Tarkovsky died at the age of 54 years.He is buried at the famous Russian cemetery in Paris - St. Genevieve Du Bois.The inscription on his grave reads: "The man who saw an angel."

... Crisis and fair squalor of modern Russian, and foreign cinema, comes from the fact that the film is no longer outstanding masters of direction, such as Fellini or Tarkovsky ... And not because the films of these artists decorated the repertoire -public mostly watching movies easier.But there were clear criteria in the world of film art: who is who.Middle artisan who made cash blockbuster, not declared a genius of cinema and an example to follow.The rise in the movie will start when this art once again come honest and talented artists, he had been the hero of our story.