Antioxidants in the composition of cosmetic products

Antioxidants - a substance of different chemical nature, which inhibit free radical oxidation process and protect the body against reactive oxygen species.Moreover, antioxidants are often added as preservatives in cosmetics to prevent oxidation of the cosmetic sredstva.V currently more than 3,000 known antioxidants of vegetable origin only, but their number is rapidly increasing.

Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) - a fat-soluble antioxidant.It is sometimes called vitamin of youth.In the body it works in conjunction with ascorbic acid.Contained in cereals, sprouted grains, vegetable oils, produced cold squeeze.The richest source of tocopherols are hazelnut oil, sesame, rapeseed, soybean, olive, palm, almond, peanut.

Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) - water-soluble antioxidant that protects against oxidation of a number of biologically active substances (including vitamin E).Vitamin C protects the skin from UV-radiation, increases collagen synthesis in the skin, accelerates wound healing, retards aging.

Carotenoids (beta-carotene, lycopene and so on.) - Fat soluble antioxidants.This red and orange plant pigments, which are rich in oil and oil extracts of carrot, sea buckthorn, wild rose, as well as palm oil.Protect your skin from the harmful effects of UV radiation, accelerate wound healing, reduce dryness and peeling of the skin.

bioflavonoids (phytoestrogens) - a plant polyphenols, green and blue plant pigments.bioflavonoids structure is very similar to the chemical structure of human estrogen.Because of this similarity bioflavonoids received a second name - phytoestrogens.Bioflavonoids are found in the leaves, flowers, fruits, roots and wood of many plants.Especially welcome

introduction bioflavonoids in sunscreens and means for smoothing of wrinkles, and in conjunction with known antioxidants such as vitamin E and vitamin C. In this case, a synergistic effect is shown - different antioxidants restore each other, on the one hand, it allowsreduce their concentration, and on the other hand - to increase the effect.

Superoxide dismutase (SOD) - an enzyme of animal, microbial or plant origin, able to neutralize reactive oxygen species.In cosmetics use plant extracts which exhibit SOD-like activity: sea buckthorn, witch hazel, ginkgo biloba, horse chestnut, green tea and others.

Selenium - a trace element necessary for the antioxidant enzyme glutathione peroxidase.