Fashion history.Fashion era of Louis XIV (1638-1715)

With half of the XVII century the dominant position in the fashion began to occupy the French court of King Louis XIV.This is the heyday of the absolute monarchy in France.A manifestation of it in the fashion became fashion noble and royal, continuer of the Spanish fashion, of course, adapted to French tastes.

new suit came from the old design of Mannerism.But the strict geometry of the Spanish dress and replaced the clear tones of paint, semantic content, some obscure complexity cut.

Since then, the French taste and fashion have mastered the whole of Europe, and did not cease to possess it for centuries.Baroque Fashion has introduced new materials and ornaments, the overall view of the suit became entirely different.

Here silk and lace pushed velvet and metal.French fashion emphasized the natural gifts: Now curvy shape changed accurately stylized.Fashion again seeking reality.

clothes became very picturesque.Her drapery takes into account the light, shade, shine, movement and overall personality

of the one who wears it

it adapts to who designed costume.

General loose fitting match and slow flowing movements required complicated ceremonial, in freely fluttering dress embodied the fantasy, and with it the desire for eccentricity and luxury.

In this era costume is so complex and decorative, that, at first glance, it is impossible to distinguish the individual parts.Along with skillful tailoring, fashion of the time using a variety of jewelry that are close at hand - lace.Cords, ribbons, fringe and embroidery.

These ornaments embroidered on all the dresses, which itself is made of a patterned brocade.But these ornaments is not enough.For example, the seams of the sleeves and vests are not stitched and allowed to see the luxurious underwear, which in its beauty can compete with gold embroidered brocade.

Baroque also uses artificial effects and a variety of substitute materials.A typical part of men's clothing of the second half of the XVII century was the jacket, which appeared in the first half of the XVII century.

the end of the century, coat, made of brocade, has a richly embroidered and decorated with gold ribbons.Hoses, turn away, as the cuffs allow you to see decorated shirt, and bent the front part of the coat - bottom vest, which continued up to the knees and covers tight pants.


trousers reached only to the knees, and then could be seen silk stockings, mostly white.About 1640 in France were first wigs that have left an imprint on the history of fashion.They curled ringlets cascading low on the shoulders, significantly increased the head.

wig as skilful addition to the costume, impressively shows the dignity of its owner, is crowned favorite of this world.He crowned fashionable silhouette and at the same time - makes deify the emperor, or even a gentleman wearing it as a symbol of secular power.At the turn of the centuries it has acquired a wig pyramidal shape, and was made of blond hair.

At the end of the XVII century fashion again tends to be more styling and artificiality.Scenic uniforms stiffen and become immobile, lady skirt again propped up by iron hoops.A smooth dropdown skirt mid-century are now cut and lifted to the sides.Therefore, not only became visible petticoat, and filing the upper skirt.

also changed bodice.Again he pulled baleen, laced and again received a square neckline.The front part of the bodice decorated with lace, again reduced to the level of the waist.It was called planshett.Jewellery made from lace veil necklines, sleeves and head.

Women wore elaborate hairstyles, supported by wire, from which hung down rich lace.This hairstyle is called a la fountain.She kept until the death of Louis XIV.In the 40s of the XVII century and became fashionable hairstyle with curls on the forehead and temples, called Garcetti.

then sewed dresses, mostly of brocade and silk, produced in France, which then flooded all European markets.Baroque fashion, emphasizing the "fluttering" line requires as many strips, probably even more than you can, than fashion XVIII century.From fashion accessories worn belt, fans, buttons for costumes, and a wide variety of types: silk, silver, tin and copper.For fashionable additions treated as scarves.They were brought from Hamburg and Frankfurt.

France was the idol of the European nobility, so the rules of etiquette and fashion, which she enjoyed, followed not only crowned heads and their associates, but also the provincial nobility, for which the French fashion was also around the sample.

The Baroque period to the imagination wide open gates, it is not so constrained ceremonial as before.The life of the nobility turned into a theatrical play, which had to play from early morning until late evening.But it was not mere entertainment, this expensive and exhausting game was designed to subjugate others, to gain absolute power, which is used primarily French king, and by his example - and other monarchs, and after them - the higher and lower nobility.