Climb the tower
Bologna have many nicknames: she Fatty, and scientists, and Red (it's because of the brick buildings and tiled roofs).Yet she towered.Now there are 20 stone "skyscrapers", but in the old days of the city towered over 100. According to the beliefs of the rich and respected Bolognese on a decent property, noble person should have a tower, and the higher - the better!
In the XII century, competing Azinelli family and Garisenda supplied the city two falling towers, which became his main characters.They can be seen in the area of Porta Ravenyana.In the heat of the struggle for high-rise construction workers have given up on all the calculations, and it came out it sideways: heavily tilted tower Garisenda had to shorten the three, in order not to collapse.Still, because of its excessive curvature it is closed to tourists.
Tower Azinelli luckier: she kept the 97-meter height and is available to the public.Admire with its apex at the Bologna daily from 9:00 to 17:00, paying an entrance f
Naturally, towers Asinelli and Garisenda - the most famous in Bologna.But from the other ancient "high-rises" is more practical use: some of them are the owners turned into shops, but, for example, Prendiparte, not far from Piazza Maggiore, the hotel has become.Number is only one, it takes as much as three floors and is 250-300 euros per night depending on the season.
pass under the portico
Rain tour in Bologna is not an obstacle: the city can be a long walk, staying under the roof.It is 40 kilometers of porticos - covered galleries on the first floor.In fact, it's a cross between the terrace and the sidewalk.Causes of unusual urban architecture prosaic.The University of Bologna was becoming more popular, the more students came to the city and the more they needed housing.Homeowners have found a simple way to increase the internal space of the house, pristraivaya new premises to it not from above but from the side, on the columns.
oldest porticos can be seen on Via Marsala, at the Palazzo Grassi, where the columns are not stone, as in most galleries and wood.The famous arcade San Luca leads from the city center, Porta Saragossa, located on a hill to the temple Sanctuary of the Madonna di San Luca.Ironically, on the way to the Christian church you will find exactly 666 arches.This covered road stretches for 3.7 kilometers and is the longest portico in the world.
sit in the living room stone
Town Hall or the municipality is, in every city, but not in every municipality of tourists allowed, and in other places to go not hurt something and want.But Bologna Municipal Palace, also known as Palazzo d'Akkursio, worth a visit, especially since visitors are welcome here.In the courtyard there is even a living, however, sofas harsh, because they rock!To receive guests and the table is ready: it lay the bread knife and ashtray, again from a stone.I wish to use for the purpose of all this can be set only ashtray.
original living room - is not the only attraction of the municipality.In this palace of XII century the square Maggiore many interesting buildings, although not all of them are always open to the public.For example, in the halls of Hercules and the Farnese, remarkable sculptures and frescoes of the Renaissance, you can get there by appointment only.But the City Council Hall is open daily, except Mondays, from 10:00 to 13:00.Here it is necessary to look at the ceiling, painted with typical Baroque art murals a illegal.They create the illusion of more space, mimic the nonexistent columns and pilasters.Once you see a solid chair - the real, nenarisovannye.They are sitting members of the City Council, but there are also places for journalists and residents who wanted to attend the meetings.
Find window overlooking the canal
As difficult as it is to imagine, but once Bologna was similar to Venice: multiple channels replaced locals street.Over time, the transport goods and travel became more profitable for the land itself, so that the channels gradually filled.Some have survived underground and on the surface of the water past the city resemble a few details like a large boat ring at the entrance of a palace in the main square.
In Bologna, remained only a small kanalchiki called Moline (Mills channel), but find it difficult.No embankment does not exist, an artificial lake surrounded by dense buildings and separated from the walls of the pedestrian streets.However, street Pella in the wall there is a small window, leaning in that, you finally see the hidden channel.The townspeople thought that this place is quite romantic for the relevant stories, and tell visitors about the miraculous power of the window.Like, if it will look in love, it will help them to strengthen relationships.However, the belief did not say how long the two of you need to contemplate the Moline channel, the effect to be noticeable.
Check my church calendar
Basilica of San Petronio, Bologna's largest temple, is often confused with the Cathedral of St. Peter.Try not to make mistakes, after all, Peter and Petronius - different saints.Basilica of St. Petronius on the square Maggiore is easy to learn because of the sheer size and bizarre facade: the upper part brick, and the bottom is lined with marble.This is not the original design decision, a half wall from medieval builders ended marble.Go to the basilica can be free, but you will not pass here with a backpack, shorts, skirt too short or with bare shoulders - need to buy a cape at the entrance for a couple of euro.
most famous chapel of the Basilica - Chapel Bolognini XV century, decorated with frescoes by Giovanni da Modena.One of them - "The Adoration of the Magi" - is considered to be something of a poster, as the characters are depicted in luxurious robes, and the customer Bolognini selling silks.However, a lot more excitement is the fresco "Hell".Because of her basilica became the object of hatred of radical Muslims, so that the camera near a chapel and a police station at the entrance to the cathedral there is no coincidence.And all because of the fact that the painter depicted the Prophet Muhammad in hell - in strict accordance with the text of "The Divine Comedy" by Dante.
Another attraction of the Cathedral is not on the wall and on the floor and called meridians.This is a solar calendar, the longest in the world.Brass band stretches across the Cathedral at 67.72 meters, which is 1/600 000 length of a meridian.Through a hole in the dome of the temple enters into a ray of sunshine in the afternoon and a brass line indicates the month and day of the week.However, from 1656, when it was built this device, the celestial sphere somewhat twisted, and at noon on the current account for hours 12:15 to 13:15 in summer and in winter.
whispered under the bell tower
Moscow tourists in Bologna necessarily lead to the Palazzo Podesta, which is the area of Lake Maggiore, and begin to torment the question: "Do you see anything familiar?".Giving Directions correct answer: the familiar form, you must identify in the teeth of the bell tower of Arengo, which is crowned by the palace.It was built under the project of Aristotle Fioravanti, the man who supplied the Moscow Kremlin battlements dovetail.In Bologna, exactly the same.
Arengo Tower - the only one in Italy, bell tower, built without a foundation, it is based only on a set of pilasters of the palace.By the way, by going to a passage under the bell tower, you have experienced an unusual acoustic effect.It is necessary to choose one of the four corners, decorated with statues of the patron saints of Bologna, get into it and do something quietly whisper.Only pre-send someone from the satellites to the opposite corner - it will be perfectly heard every word.
Imagine yourself a student of His University
Bolognese are very proud of, because it is the oldest in Europe.The approximate date of the legal school grounds, on the basis of which the university emerged later - in 1088.However, the oldest surviving school buildings Arkidzhinnazio Palazzo built in the XVI century.Now it's just an architectural monument, so it may come to pass without a student card anyone.Opened the palace every day, except Sundays, from 9:00 to 18:45 (on Saturdays until 13.45).
Why visit Palazzo Arkidzhinnazio?For example, to see the old anatomical theater.The atmosphere cozy zalchik, where in the old days were dissected corpses (used for educational purposes only executed criminals), made of carved wood.Complement the interior of all sorts of amusing sculptures, such as figurines of people without the skin.Here, even the angel is depicted with someone a bone in his hand!
If you are very close to the natural sciences, can restrict a walk through the corridors and galleries, all of the walls and vaults are decorated with various coats of arms.In the Middle Ages students are not divided into groups, they shared - on a geographical basis.Students from one city or region united in the community and elected headman, who held talks with professors and solve different questions.Here's a mayor and received the right to decorate the wall of your university emblem.Over the centuries, there had gathered an impressive collection of medieval heraldry!
overeat in trattoria
hard not to gain weight in a city that in the old days fondly called fatties!However, his nickname of Bologna received not only because of the excellent cuisine.Standards of beauty in the Middle Ages were different: more than a lady - so health and, hence, attractive.Quite naturally, the beautiful and rich city added a flattering epithet!
If you want to get fat, getting maximum pleasure, choose the restaurants on the side of the central squares.For example, in Pella street are very decent trattoria Biassanot and Serghei.Pasta is worth 8-9 euros, meat - 10-16 euro, desserts - from 4.5 euros.By the way, most of the restaurants in the city working from 12:00 to 15:00, and then open only eight hours a night.If the institution is not closed in three, once it is clear that it is the family, because hired staff will not be processed!And if the family, then cook it, most likely, at home recipes.
What dishes do you associate Bologna?Surely with Bologna sausage and Bolognese sauce.Sausage properly called mortadella, prepare it out of minced meat mixed with lard, so it is very oily.For the sauce, ground beef, chopped chicken liver, onion, carrot, celery, fried and stewed with tomatoes.Tuck this sauce is not spaghetti, as many foreigners as pasta, invented in Bologna, - tortellini and lasagna.Tortellini - tiny ravioli stuffed with cheese or ham.They say they have come up with the shape of chefs, inspired by a rose bud.With lasagna is more or less clear - this test plate and laid meat baked with cheese and sauce.Proper Bologna lasagne verdi is the prefix - "green" as the dough spinach added to it.
Another in the list of traditional dishes of "well-fed" the city has a crispy tortillas kreshentine stuffed with mortadella or salami, veal cutlets in breadcrumbs, served under a layer of ham and melted cheese, flat tagliatelle noodles in a beef stew, and other high-calorie goodies.With this menu, it does not become plump or fat man ?!
Tourism and Leisure number 38