London.United Kingdom

In London very advanced age.It was founded on the site of a Celtic settlement in 43 ADon the north bank of the River Thames, the Roman conquerors, who called it Londinium.Ruins of Roman wall can still be seen near the Tower of London and the Barbican area.

If you want to make a journey into the history, start it with the Tower of London - the medieval castle, which served as a guard outpost, a royal residence, and place of detention of political criminals.This is one of the most popular monuments in London.

Tower serves as a reminder of the bloody past of Britain.Tower - a massive medieval fortress with guard towers, battlements - was built in the XI century by William the Conqueror to protect the security of the capital.Construction of the Tower started in 1078 by King Henry III with the White Tower, which is considered the heart of the fortress, and then construction was continued in the 13th century.

Later, surrounded by a moat 3.6 meters, impregnable walls with 12 towers and barbacans (mounted

towers), defending the drawbridges, the Tower became a formidable fortress and dreaded prison.Tower to the present day has kept the traditional features of medieval clothing Beefeater (soldiers guard), traditional ceremonies held in the castle.

Today, the Tower is a fortress for the storage of priceless jewels of the royal treasury, most of which are exposed on public display in a special storage.

At the Tower you can take the water bus and get off at Westminster Abbey where the same name, in which are buried many famous personalities, including Tennyson, Darwin, Chaucer, Newton, Handel, Kipling and others.Across the street - the Parliament, hitting its gothic harmony and amazing symmetry.

course, is hard to miss the towering over the building of the tower, known worldwide by the name of the bell Big Ben."The Voice" of London, shows the current time since 1859.

Building clock tower at a height of 320 pounds began in 1837 with the ascent to the throne of Queen Victoria.At that time there was a reconstruction of the Parliament buildings damaged by fire in 1834.Designer watches, Sir Edmund Grimthorpe, architect and watchmaker died before the bell, weighing 13.5 tons was set for four clock faces, the area of ​​which is 23 square meters.foot.

then heading for Trafalgar on Whitehall Street.You will have an unforgettable sight: if you look on the way to the royal stables, before which there is an equestrian ceremony of the royal cavalry, and changing of the guard at 11 am (except Sunday, 10.00).

But you and in Trafalgar Square, representing the national pride of Englishmen.Here is the column on which stands the figure of Admiral Nelson.Just behind the monument fell long building - National Gallery - a rich collection of paintings by many great artists of different eras.

It is close to the British Museum, where the history of the slices can be observed on ceramics, sculptures, sarcophagi and mummies of Egyptian pharaohs.If you go straight, not skirting the gallery, leaving it to the right hand, by Pel Mel Street, the British press outside, ending Park Green Park, you will find yourself at the magnificent Royal Palace - Buckingham.

in August or September, the Queen's residence - Buckingham Palace opens for visitors.You'll have to stand in line to walk in the footsteps of the royal family and international rulers and blinding succession of state rooms, priceless treasures of art and incomparable to anything else.

Fabulous State coach and a huge collection of the Queen of painting can be seen at the nearby Royal stables (Royal Mews) and the Royal Gallery.If you want to visit the world's best museum of decorative arts and admire the priceless collections of jewelry, furniture, oriental rugs, Italian sculpture, then you into Victoria and Albert Museum.

A stone's throw from the station are two more of the museum.This is one of the leading world museums on the history of nature - Natural History Museum and the Science Museum, the exhibition which traces the history and development of science and industry - from the first cars, trains and airplanes to space exploration and the era of computers.

there in London is very unusual museum that says to the soul.For example, in London, Bethnal Green in decades there is a Museum of Childhood - Bethnal Green Museum of Childhood.He is very popular not only among children but also among adults.I put toys "of all time" in this museum.Here there is a German doll with a ruddy face, and painted Japanese samurai and Italian puppets.

However, most of the exhibition consists of works (otherwise called) British craftsmen.The museum exposition is divided by departments.There are soft toys department, which is dominated by all sorts of teddy bears.There is a room in which is a magnificent exhibition of antique dolls.All the "little lady" dressed in a stunning dress, sewn of 50, 100 or even 200 years ago.

Previously, children had their own favorites, designers, seamstresses, and even hairdressers.The works of these people long-forgotten trades can now be admired in Bethnal Green.There is also the department entirely dedicated to automated toys.Kiva clowns kilometers of railways and dancing ballerinas - all invariably delights rebyatni.

The Museum of Childhood have whole herds of wooden rocking horses, and the army of toy soldiers.In a separate room exhibits more than 30 toy houses.Interior tiny living rooms and bedrooms repeats the "home" mode bygone days.

most unexpected and most unpleasant child is punishment department.The fact that England still only in the last century (not to mention the more age-old times), all kinds of rods, belts and sticks were part of any school.Even when entering the aristocratic Eton, with students' parents have been charged for the rod.Behind this rather unpleasant exception, this wonderful museum leaves a feeling of the holidays.Log in, by the way, to get free.

About London can talk endlessly - so much in this amazing city capture the imagination of people.But it is best to visit in London.