Today tours to exotic countries - one of the most popular among tourists.They go there not only for the sun and the clean beaches, but also for the bright impressions, unforgettable emotions.These countries draw their mystery, culture, interesting cuisine, beauty and uniqueness that can surprise anyone.However, be aware that such travel may be hazardous to health.
Before you go in search of adventure, you need to see a doctor, preferably in advance.So you'll be safe, unknown virus you will bypass the party and the only pleasant memories will stay in the memory.
Epidemiologists in one voice say that, going on a vacation in exotic countries, need to be vaccinated.According to them, should discuss with your doctor a list of infections against which you have carried out vaccination, and then examine the situation in the country: what diseases there is "rage" and to be feared.Before the trip to Central or South Africa, South-East Asia need to take care of vaccination against yellow fever (not later than 10
Malaria - one of the most common infections in Africa, Asia (India, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Malaysia), Latin America.Tourists like to visit these places, should receive chemoprophylaxis (to start a week before the trip and continue throughout the trip to take certain medications, which must appoint a physician).
Those planning to spend your holidays in India, Thailand, Tunisia, it is recommended to protect against hepatitis A virus (HAV vaccination should be done in 2-3 weeks).This is due to the consumption of foods that do not suffer a heat treatment, poor quality of drinking water that does not meet the sanitary standards, as well as contaminated household items.According to doctors, in all countries of Eastern Europe, Asia (except Japan and South Korea), the Balkans, North and South America spread hepatitis B. Vaccination of it needs to be done 2 weeks before the trip.
offers tourists and injections against rabies: the source of infection in the majority of cases are dogs, mostly homeless, of which there are many in India, China, Vietnam and Thailand (the rate of vaccination is necessary to carry out a month before the trip, it includes 3 stages: the dose is administered at 1-th, 7 th and 21 th day).
Indian people wash in the Ganges River
Vaccinations against diphtheria and tetanus are recommended for those who are not vaccinated against these diseases for more than 10 years.It is desirable to do before leaving in all the countries of Africa, Asia, Latin America (Peru, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador).Poliomyelitis (occurring when placed in the mouth of the active virus) threatened those who did not take root, and decided to visit Africa and Asia.
Doctors say that it is not necessary to do all the necessary vaccinations at a time.The interval between them should be not less than a month.At the same time allowed to make no more than 2-3 vaccinations (in consultation with your doctor!).It should be borne in mind that all vaccinations are certain contraindications, so it can not do without professional advice.
even make all the necessary vaccinations before you travel, you should not relax, because there is a risk face other troubles.For example, a "traveler's diarrhea" (a disorder of the gastrointestinal tract occurs in over 30% of holidaymakers), yersiniosis (an infectious disease that affects the gastrointestinal tract, joints, skin and other organs).and parasitic organisms can enter the body exotics lovers.That is why not do without a kit.
market So, to deal with allergies during the holiday, doctors recommend to bring a antihistamines (used when a swelling and rashes), not out of place to be and preparations containing antispasmodic and analgesic substances, relieving swelling, redness, fever.Among the preparations for the normalization of the gastrointestinal tract to rest require sorbents, enzyme preparations, enhances digestion, as well as drugs that normalize the intestinal microflora (they actively produce acids, are harmful for Salmonella, Staphylococcus and agents of dysentery, and prevent the development of long-term intestinal disorders with allunpleasant consequences).You can stock up and vodoochischayuschimi pills that disinfect water and keep its taste, and you can even buy a special portable device for disinfection.
And finally, a bit of theory.We publish it not to frighten the reader, but to draw attention to possible problems that can catch those who carelessly about their health.
Yellow fever - a serious infectious disease transmitted through mosquito bites.The incubation period - 3-6 days.Characterized by fever up to 39-41 ° C, chills, severe headache, pain in the muscles of the back and limbs, nausea, vomiting.The appearance of the patient: jaundiced skin tone as a result of liver disease, his face red, puffy, swollen eyelids.Consequences: hemorrhagic syndrome with the development of acute renal and hepatic failure.When lightning flowing development of the disease the patient dies after 3-4 days.
Where can I get vaccinated: GKUZ "Infectious Clinical Hospital №1", GBUZ "City polyclinic №5", vaccination item number 6 FGBU "Polyclinic № 1" UD President of the Russian Federation.Price: from 1700 r.
Malaria Malaria - an infectious disease transmitted to humans through the bite of Anopheles mosquito.Symptoms of malaria commonly include: fever, chills, joint pain, unbearable headache, enlargement of the spleen and liver size, anemia, vomiting, convulsions.Perhaps as a tingling sensation in the skin.There are four types of the disease, the most dangerous of which is considered a tropical malaria, common in Africa.The incubation period of malaria from a week to a month.
Hepatitis A and B
Hepatitis A - an acute infectious disease of the liver.Transmission occurs mainly through food, water and in direct contact with the patient.Carriers of the virus are clams, previously living in the water, and raw fruits and vegetables, for which the virus was in the course of their treatment.Hepatitis A begins with the temperature, which lasts from 4 to 10 days, the feeling of weakness and malaise, loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, and muscle pain.In the next stage of the disease where the liver is involved in the process, urine darkening.After 2 days of white of the eye and skin yellowing (jaundice) and the stool becomes colorless, itching and pain in the abdomen.The incubation period averages 21-28 days.
Hepatitis B is transmitted through blood, during sexual intercourse, with injections of sterile syringes.This form is very dangerous, because it causes severe liver damage and is accompanied by severe symptoms: fever, enlarged liver and spleen, nausea, vomiting, severe pain in the joints.Latent (incubation) period for hepatitis B is from 2 to 6 months.The first signs of hepatitis B there are an average of 12 weeks after infection.
Where can I get vaccinated: FGBU "Research Institute of Vaccines and Serums Mechnikov.".Cost: hepatitis A - 1,800 p, hepatitis B - from 1000 r..
Typhoid - a bacterial infection that affects the intestines first, then spreads to the liver, spleen and gallbladder, it is transmitted through water and food containing the pathogen.Symptoms: headache, cough, fever, chills, loss of appetite, malaise, fatigue, weakness, constipation, abdominal pain.After 2-3 weeks after infection, marked weight loss, painful, enlarged in size stomach rises above the level of the skin rash on the chest and abdomen.The incubation period varies from a few days up to 3 weeks (10-14 days on average).
Where can I get vaccinated: vaccination item number 6 FGBU "Polyclinic № 1" UD President of the Russian Federation.Cost: from 1000r.
Meningococcal disease - an infectious disease that has typical clinical manifestations of lesions of the mucous membrane of the nasopharynx (transmitted by droplet infection).The incubation period for meningococcal infection lasts from 1 to 10 days, on average 2-3 days.The disease usually begins acutely with chills and fever up to 38-40 ° C.Main symptoms: unbearable headache, photophobia, neck stiffness, restlessness, facial flushing, hot to the touch.
Where can I get vaccinated: FGBU "Research Institute of Vaccines and Serums Mechnikov.".Price: from 1600 r.