Great land Vasily Tropinin

Once serf "Cossack" Vaska punished.The fact was that, collecting shoes for cleaning, he forgot about the resulting job.Instead, drawing with charcoal and blacking people head directly on the walls of a human.He just wanted to be a true artist.And vykraivaya any time, even if still quite clumsily, he tried to draw.Then the boy was in the family of Count Morkov, and at the request of his father the young artist to give Vasya as an apprentice to the painter replied: "Sense is not" and gave the boy as an apprentice to the confectioner!

One lucky to learn a new case had to be in St. Petersburg.Here you can attend free drawing classes at the Academy of Fine Arts.Count Morkov, who decided to get hold of in his house painter in 1799 he found it advantageous to determine the ability of a serf "foreign student" Academy of Fine Arts.

Here Tropinin and studied portraiture at SSShchukin.On the academic exhibition in 1804 work Tropinin "The boy yearning for the dead bird," has attracted the attention of the emp

ress herself.

Being a student of the Academy, Tropinin got the opportunity to join the world culture.Academy of Arts in St. Petersburg had a significant collection of paintings by Western European artists.Students Academy also copied with the pictures that were in the Imperial Hermitage.

studied Tropinin brilliantly and soon won a silver and a gold medal.As a pupil of the Academy, Tropinin was at the center of artistic life in St. Petersburg.President S.Stroganov Academy began to plead for the release of a talented young man, but did not have time: serf Tropinin received an order from the owner to move from St. Petersburg to the new estate Morkov - skirts, which in Ukraine.

There Tropinin reminded that he serf, was appointed to the position of pastry chef and waiter, and obliged to carry copies of paintings by Western European and Russian artists, which later adorned the house of Count, as well as to paint the local church, to write to hericons.

Tropinin was also requested to carry out portraits of the owners.Gentle and kind by nature, Tropinin humbly endured the vicissitudes of life, not hardened, not depressed by the consciousness of their own talents and inconsistency of the position which he has held, on the contrary, took residence in the Ukraine as a continuation of learning, a kind of internship.

«I little studied at the Academy, but learned in the Ukraine, I wrote there is no rest from life, and these are my work seems to be the best of all hitherto written by me" - he later recalled.The coloring of this work is soft, muted - dominated greyish, ocher and green tones.

Images peasants, urban folk scene - a new trend in Russian art.The strengthening of this trend in the second half of 1820 due to the works of A. Venetsianov and then - his students.

In 1807, under the direction of Vasily Kukavskaya construction of the church was completed.According to her consecration Tropinin was married to Anna Ivanovna Katina free poselyankoy that is not afraid to marry a serf artist.In love and harmony they lived for almost fifty years.

In 1821 Tropinin good-bye to Kukavka.Return to Moscow was joyful for him.Moscow earned respect and popularity, the artist, however, remained the fortress, which caused surprise and discontent in the educated circles of the nobility.

particularly fussed over Tropinina AATuchkov - General, the hero of 1812 and the collector, PPSvinyin, NAMike.However, Count Morkov was in no hurry to give their freestyle serf painter, talent and human qualities which he greatly appreciated.It was only in 1823.The wife and son Arseny Tropinin remained in bondage for another five years.

«The Lacemaker" (1823) - one of the most popular works Tropinina .The pretty girl braiding lace, shown at the moment when she looked up for a moment from work and turned his gaze toward the viewer, who thus becomes involved in the space of the picture.

Carefully and lovingly made out of lace, bobbin, needlework box.The feeling of peace and comfort, created by Tropinin, convinced of the value of every moment of everyday human life.A similar pattern Tropinin lot wrote.Usually they depict young women for needlework - zolotoshveyki, embroiderers, spinners.

Their faces are similar, they clearly visible features of the female ideal of the artist - a delicate oval, dark almond-shaped eyes, a friendly smile, a flirtatious look.For this and other works in 1823 VATropinin was awarded the title of "appointed to the Academy."

In Moscow Tropinin lived in the house on Pisareva Lenivke, near the Big Stone Bridge.Here, in his studio, he wrote the famous portrait ASPushkin.At the beginning of 1827 he ordered Pushkin Tropinin portrait for a gift to your friend Sobolev.

In this portrait of the artist with the most clearly expressed his ideal of a free man.He wrote Pushkin in a bathrobe, with open collar shirt and casually tied tie-scarf.Tropininsky Pushkin did not land - he regally majestic that it seems impossible to disturb his meditation.Particular impressive, almost monumental report image therefore proud bearing and stable posture, making his dressing gown resembles the ancient ceremonial toga.

In 1830-1840-ies account for the largest number of portraits painted by Tropinin .About the artist said that he rewrote "literally all over Moscow."He painted portraits of the first city officials, government officials, nobles, merchants, actors, writers and artists.

In 1840-1850-ies Tropinin more often than before, shows and repeats the image of old women - "The old woman, Ringworm Nails" (1850), "For repairing clothes" (1852), "Old Chicken" (1856).As a rule, the model for these pictures served as his wife Anna artist.

With these images relate Tropinina thinking about old age, fleeting life.They cause a painful feeling of pity, but at the same time create a sense of peace, humility before the eternal and unchanging order of being.Tropinin very upset by the death of his wife in 1855.From the apartment on Lenivke, where they lived for more than thirty years, he moved to Zamoskvorechye.

Vasily Tropinin lived a long creative life.His art has been in a tight cooperation with the aesthetic ideals of the era.He died on May 3, 1857, is buried at the cemetery Vagankovsky.