The history of precious stones

Gems - who are they?Aliens from other worlds?Jewellery?Healers?Are able to whether the gems influence the fate and well-being of his master?Why do people at all times attached great importance to such gems?Should I treat seriously the magical abilities of their own perstenka lying in a casket?

There is an old Persian legend tells that the precious stones - is a creation of Satan.Allegedly, when the tempter saw as the first woman admiring the colorful flowers in the gardens of paradise, he gave the usual stones stunning paint."Now they will arouse in others greed and temptation" - gleefully thought at that moment the devil ...

Legend legend and geologists explain the origin of precious minerals differently.No mystery and imagination is not the way they appeared in the white light.Precious stones - the result of chemical processes occurring during the formation of the Earth's crust.

But anyway, sparkling, shiny, shocking stones accompany the lives of people for many millennia.

Each era was this or th

at noble stone-pet.

Egyptians willingly wore jewelry made of emeralds, turquoise, amethyst, rock crystal, malachite, lapis lazuli.

Romans prized above all diamonds and sapphires.

Fashion Renaissance and Baroque favored colored stones: sapphires, topaz, rubies.

And ladies and gentlemen toilets rococo shining diamonds.

Romantic era opened the beauty of semi-precious stones: opals, garnets, aquamarines and chrysolites.

But at all times, people thought: sparkling stones - holders of the special forces and the power of the stones and the earth gave the highest celestial spheres.Even Christianity, the pagan devotees curse all, the magical power of stones is fully recognized.

not by chance that in the early Middle Ages altars, chalices, giver, and rings, and that worn by the highest spiritual authority, acquire a special ability - to attract the powers of heaven, hold them.And it happened thanks to the precious stones that adorned the above items.So it was thought.

Gems played a significant role not only in religion.Notable people of any cultural epoch knew a lot about precious stones, giving preference to certain types.

For example, in China, nephrite (mostly pale green) is still more valuable than a diamond.In the old days any extraordinarily beautiful jade was first to enter the imperial court: the emperor in law enjoyed a special law - the first to buy a "heavenly stone" ... The love of jade in China has remained until today.Many girls, Chinese girls wear jade pendant or bracelet.And often it is - an ancient decoration transmitted in the family from generation to generation.

But the Indians since ancient times worshiped the moonstone and ruby.Moonstone for the majority of the people of India for their entire life remained a pipe dream, and the second - a ruby ​​- more than was available ...

If you want, you can explain why the Indians loved these two stones.There are ancient tables, which draws parallels between precious stones and human characters.So moonstone symbolizes imagination and ruby ​​- sensual passion.And then, and another - the main qualities of the Indian national character.

Egyptians prized primarily malachite green with streaks and blue with glow lapis lazuli from which stonecutters carved scarab - beetle sacred and protected from disease.

Also, the ancient Egyptians were able to make such a combination of precious stones, which supposedly brought on misery to tomb robbers.There are more than a dozen stories about the mysterious death of people illegally penetrated the tomb ... Mystic?Yes.But thinking is on these indisputable facts.

Pharaohs were not alone in his passion for precious stones.The ancient Jews, for instance, during the Babylonian captivity have learned a lot about the symbolism of precious stones from the famous Chaldean Magi.Favorita was not among the stones of the Jews.However, it should be noted a cultural and historical feature, described in detail in the Old Testament - vestment of the high priest of the Jews, which he put on only during the ceremonies in the temple of Solomon.Twelve different gems (carved stone) in four rows of three stones each have been placed in this garb.Each gem was the name of one of the twelve tribes of Israel.

In one embodiment of the Bible into German combination of gems presented in the following sequence.

1st row: ruby, topaz, emerald 2nd row: garnet, sapphire, jasper 3rd row a beryl, carnelian, onyx.

It's hard to say whether the ancient Hebrews attributed to each of these stones to their own characters.It should handle at Babylon of the Chaldeans, that for the twelve signs of the zodiac and the planets have consolidated certain gems.But, alas, the old days is not reversed, experts-Chaldeans long since become history.