Harriet Beecher Stowe

In 1847, America was preparing the book "Life of outstanding women."At Harriet Beecher Stowe asked for this book biography and portrait.She was thirty-six years old, she was at that time published a textbook on the geography and the collection of short stories.The person has not lost tenderness, even though she already had five children.Dark suit, light frame frill neck, curly hair, their black belt tightens, gaze directed into the distance.

In 1853, the artist Richmond in England made a pencil portrait of the writer.She looks younger than the portrait of the forty-seventh year.The white dress, the hair divided strict parting face resembles a statue.However, this is a portrait of the author of "Uncle Tom's Cabin."

The third portrait - Photo 1884.The famous writer in the world.Strong-willed, resolute face, hardness in everything - in his eyes, in the lines of the mouth, chin.Black ribbon tightens gray hair.The strict black suit, white collar sweaters.The daughter of a pastor, the pastor's wife, the sis

ter of pastors.The man's face, holding truth.

Three portraits - three milestones of life.Ancestors G.Bicher Stowe paternal - blacksmiths and priests.According to his mother - priests and officers.His great-grandfather, General Wood, fought in the War of Independence.Another great-grandfather, John Beecher, was a prominent figure in England church.He arrived to the shores of New England with one of the first ships from Europe.Lyman, Harriet's father, became a priest in the small town of East Hampton on the Atlantic coast.His wife Roxana painted miniatures on ivory, painted dishes, furniture, carpets, weaving lace, played the guitar and led a large farm.

Harriet was the fifth child in the family.Her mother died when she was not even five years old.It will forever remain a legend, the embodiment of femininity, gentleness, kindness.After the death of Harriet's mother was taken to her grandmother.Spoiled granddaughter, grandmother's house seemed a paradise.Only childless aunt was strict and demanding, she began to teach catechism girl.

Harriet's father was a strong, determined man, spoke of him, he was more like a military commander than a priest.He worked a lot, but when released and was able to create a holiday for children: playing the flute, took children on fishing, hunting, just walked with them.A very old man, he has jumped over the fence and his last sermon read in eighty-three years.

Harriet inherited from his father a combination of faith and vitality, perseverance, sense of duty and responsibility.Six years she went to school.By this time, the girl already knew by heart the two most difficult chapters of the Bible, and twenty-seven hymns.

girl constantly disappeared in his father's office, rummaged in his theological books, brochures, magazines.During one summer it seven times read "Ivanhoe" W. Scott, I got acquainted with the works of Sterne, Swift and Byron.

At Harriet was protected childhood.Surrounding her people to know what is good and what is bad, to know what people living in the world, for which they live and their children.They were firmly convinced that their country - the world's best country, their faith - true, their way of life - just, the only decent.

will take years.Although Beecher Stowe books people will get sick, and grieve and suffer, but even the most terrible misfortune - death - will promise, at least, the afterlife bliss.The ends will always converge with the ends.

When the elder sister Catherine left home and opened a school for girls, Harriet followed.First she studied herself in the school, then he began to help his sister as a teacher.There she began to write.First, the theological treatises and translations, and then wrote a tragedy about the exploits of the early Christians in the age of Nero.Harriet worked as an adult, without rest, for many hours a day.At fourteen she taught Latin at the age of sixteen began to teach a class of theology.

This load impact on the psyche of girls.Even then, she had fits of hysteria began.Continuous operation and energy, pressure, commitment sister Harriet aroused all grow, albeit an unconscious reaction.It became a closed, more and more she wanted to be alone, but on the noisy gatherings Harriet sat somewhere in a corner, watching, listening without engaging in general conversation.

From the Harriet seemed phlegmatic, slow, and very few people knew what an intense spiritual life she lived.She was a friend of Elisa, wife of Professor seminary Calvin Stowe.When Eliza ill with cholera, Harriet devotedly cared for her friend, but she died.

General Mount Harriet and Calvin closer together, and in 1836 she married the widower, who was nine years older than her.He was highly educated, nice and quite helpless in the practical life of man.Calvin does not know how to make money, could not and did not want to take responsibility for the family.Place the head of the family had to take Harriet, and she tried to make it as friendly as the one in which she had grown herself.

Between economic affairs Harriet returned to literary pursuits.It was printed in large women's and religious journals, read their works in the literary club of Cincinnati.

first story G.Bicher Stowe's "Uncle Tim" was published in 1831.She received the award for him 50 dollars.These were the formative years of the young American literature.When Harriet began to be printed, the writer herself is not yet believed.But over the years, more and more convinced of his vocation.

June 5, 1851 was published the first chapter of "Uncle Tom's Cabin," and then for ten months every week Bycher Stowe had to take another chapter.the last chapter of publication publisher accompanied this statement: "We do not remember that any work of the American writer would have initiated such a universal, deep interest in her story."

way, Harriet wrote quickly, sometimes carelessly, without punctuation - this it provided the compositors.March 20, 1852 published a separate edition of "Uncle Tom's Cabin", it sold out in two days.Success, including financial, has surpassed all expectations.Over 1852 left 120 editions of the book in the United States.And next year, the book "The Key to Uncle Tom's Cabin", where the author has published documents about atrocities slaveholders.In general, her book became a powerful propaganda weapon northerners in anticipation of the Civil War of 1861-1865.

began a second life Beecher Stowe.He came to her glory.In 1853, a writer with her husband and brother for the first time going to Europe.Four thousand Londoners stood in line for days to get a ticket to the hall, where she staged an enthusiastic meeting.She met with Dickens, Carlyle, Macaulay, other British literary celebrities.Just enthusiastically took her in France.When Beecher Stowe returned home, everyone found it rejuvenated.

writer started work on new works, but this success they've had.In 1886, Harriet's husband dies, she is going through difficult his death.After the death of her husband she is disconnected from the outside world, reread old letters, the recipients are long dead, dictates son 'Autobiography', resulting in the order paper, and says one of the female friends: "My sun had set.Time works ended.All my words were written, all my thoughts changed his mind, and now I am in a dying holiday, so deep, that sometimes only the voice of an old friend is brought to me for a moment - and again I fall into a half-sleep. "

the summer of 1896 at the age of 85 years, Harriet Beecher Stowe died.She was buried next to her husband in the town of Andover, where the house was called "Uncle Tom's Cabin."