Annual ornamental plants are varied shapes and colors of flowers, long flowering period.In horticulture, the so-called annuals, include not only the annual (aster, marigold, calendula, etc.), But also some perennial plants, which in most areas of our country, do not hibernate, but are fine and abundant bloom and even form a seedduring the first year.This, for example, scented tobacco, petunia, snapdragon, lobelia and some other plants.
Annuals often bloom in 8-10 weeks, and some even earlier - 6-7.The most beautiful and well-developed free-flowering plants.They should be planted in full sun, or the growth and development of many of them slowed down in the shade or partial shade weakens bloom, flower color fades, the plants are pulled, the stalks are fragile.Sometimes plants die.
In an area with high rainfall should be used for planting plants that are resistant to wet weather: arktoris, marigolds, begonias vsegdatsvetuschuyu, Iberis, calendula, snapdragons, Nemesia, petunia, phlox.
In hot and dry climates very quickly wither Iberis, marigold, poppy, flower garden and they have to replace the species and varieties, which do not burn and do not stop blooming.
For normal development of plants and abundant flowering they need good nutrition, so the soil should be well drained and rich in nutrients.On poor soils plants often grow weakened, they have few leaves, they are poorly branched form small flowers, small flowers, terry ponizhna or even disappear.
Many types of annuals grow well in soils of different composition mehancheskogo, but some - doroteantus Clark - prefer light, sandy loam.The high nitrogen content is favorable for many species, but marigolds, Clark, cosmos, nasturtium bloom profusely, and on poor soils with nitrogen.
Among annuals are plants (species), originating in the tropics and subtropics, deserts and semi-deserts, steppes, forests, meadows and mountains.All of them require specific growing conditions.So, for the South African and Australian plants - brahikomy, dimorfoteki, doroteantusa, Ursino, etc. -. Requires lit sunny plot, where there is no excess moisture, otherwise they do not bloom and die.
Duration of flowering annuals and keep them in flower beds decorative different in different species.A short (30-35 days), the flowering period is characteristic of baby's breath, Iberis, poppy, so you should take care in advance about their replacement after flowering or reseeding and replanting instead fades.
Most annuals bloom for a long time, almost up to the frost.It ageratum, marigolds, scented tobacco, cosmos, snapdragon, petunia, salvia.Some annuals do not stop their flowering and frost posleslabyh short: aster, cornflower, verbena, calendula, lavatera, chrysanthemum crop.
Some annuals flowering period can be extended in a timely manner changing to removing branches.This ability to re-bloom (remontant) have ageratum, valisel, calendula, Iberis, lobelia, lobulyariya, snapdragons, Nemesio.After removal of withered shoots, feeding and watering them abundantly grow side shoots, and starting a new wave of flowering.
Annual ornamental plants can be grown for cut flowers in bouquets and in flower beds.Among the annuals, you can choose plants that grow well not only on the sun beds and rabatkah, but also in shady places, on rocky areas, rock slides, in pots, boxes, walls for vertical landscaping pergolas.They are indispensable for decorating patios and balconies, loggias and windows in summer and autumn, grow well in pots and other vessels in the area.