In XVII century wall in the Russian mansion was taken to upholster cotton fabric "with krasheniny printed", and often colored cloth, silk fabrics, atlas, morocco leather and embossed.Such trim are used until the XIX century, both in Russia and abroad.Later, this finish has been an exception: it changed the wallpaper.
In Europe, the wallpaper became the first to release the British in the XVIII century.The Russian production of wallpaper has established a paper factory in Yaroslavl, and then Tsarskoselskaya wallpaper factory.Remains of wallpapers of the XVIII century have been found in Ostankino Palace Museum.
Production of wallpapers at the beginning of the XIX century was a very time-consuming process: first on a manual machine ink applied to paper outline drawing, and then manually painted it in different colors.And only in 1830 for the printing of a special machine was created wallpapers.
Today, wallpaper is so become commonplace that we do not think about their origin and history.But the purchase
Paper wallpaper are smooth, relief and painting.Paper wallpaper are the cheapest and environmentally friendly, but they are very short-lived - burn out quickly and easily torn.
These wallpapers are sometimes also referred to as a paper, but it's not quite true.Nonwoven - a combination of cellulose and synthetic fibers.These wallpapers are more durable than paper, also easily glued, the glue is applied not on canvas, but on the wall itself.Furthermore, they can be painted.
Vinyl wallpaper .
Vinyl wallpaper divided into: foamed vinyl with an embossed surface, compact vinyl with a smooth surface, silk screen vinyl.They are well mask all irregularities and defects of the walls, increase sound insulation, durable thanks to its density.They can be washed.
These wallpapers are of three types: a substrate glued parallel threads of natural or mixed fibers, glued on canvas textured yarn, seamless coating on volume nonwoven substrate.
Textile wallpaper combine the advantages of paper and vinyl: they are durable, environmentally friendly, and materials that contain flax fibers have antibacterial properties and more.They significantly improve the thermal and acoustic insulation.However, they have drawbacks.The most important - the high price.This is the most expensive wallpaper.In addition, they quite difficult to stick without corrections, and therefore, the purchase will require some margin.
Textile wallpaper require careful care - they do not tolerate high humidity and dust.To clean them you need a vacuum cleaner or dry cloth.