«People are tired of mechanical civilization and the frantic pace of life.And when life gets too hectic, hectic, we are looking for calm, freedom for the soul.If we follow the etiquette, the behavior, human behavior will be balanced, it will return to the sense of beauty.That's why our times can not do without the way of tea ".
From the history of etiquette.Tea ceremony
lower slopes, one after the other, they pass through the door, leaving the shoes on a special stone.The last one entered the door slides.The owner does not appear immediately.Guests have to get used to the lighting of the room, consider hanging a picture carefully evaluate the refined beauty of a single flower, the internal sense, to guess the subtext, offers a host of the ceremony.
If the niche is placed calligraphy scroll, by any method, and it will be different cup painted the same properties.The echo of gentle autumn grass lines in the bouquet would sophistication the fine pattern on a ceramic dish.
only after visitors accustomed to the situation, there is a host and a deep bow welcomes guests silently sits in front of them in a brazier on which already pre-hung pot of boiling water.
Next to the master on the mat are arranged all the necessary items: a cup (the most precious relic), a box of powder green tea, wooden spoon, bamboo whisk, which knocked the tea, filled with boiling water a little ostuzhennym.Immediately
are ceramic vessels - for cold water, rinse - and other items, all old, but impeccably clean, and only bucket of water and linen towel new, sparkling white.
NS Nikolaeva."Japanese Gardens»
Japanese way of organizing the banquet of tea ceremony and the complex it is now being introduced into the culture as rapidly as Japanese cars and electronics in the industry.In Japan, the tea generally treated as "cinnabar spirituality and wisdom drug" to cure diseases and prolong life.
tea rituals in Japan called "tyado" (the way of tea) and "tyano-yu" (tea action).There are other tea ceremony, which had long been a mystery, because it is considered a national shrine.
Japanese tea ceremony prepared and held for hours.For its implementation in almost every home a special room reserved.Small-sized tea house is divided into three parts: a tea room, a waiting room and a utility room.Cooking tea only trust a person who has experience in this business.
Entering the tea room, where there is a brazier for a kettle, a guest politely bows.Then, holding a folding fan before, he expresses admiration for the hanging scroll in a niche.When finished viewing, appreciative visitors sit and welcome host.
whole ritual takes place in an orderly fashion.Sitting, guests proceed to sweets.Then, the host invites them to the garden.About the beginning of the ceremony gong heralds - five and seven beats hearing that guests return to the tea room.
The room is now brighter, pushed bamboo blind outside the window, instead of the scroll in a niche - a vase with a flower.The owner and wipes caddy spoon with a special cloth and wash meshalochku in hot water that pours out of the kettle bucket.Then, putting 3 tablespoons pre-crushed in a porcelain mortar special powdered green tea into the cup, pour a bucket of hot water and whisk meshalochkoy tea, tea is slightly thickened.All movements of the arms, the special body, truly ceremonial, with the face and still strict.
Guests take tea with gratitude and drink it in small portions of round or square bowls.All participants of the action sit on their knees around the low tea table.Tea is not served anything.
Strong green tea is made from young leaves of tea bushes at the age of twenty to seventy years or more: Norma bookmarks tea on average - 1 teaspoon ground tea 200 grams of water.An important feature of the Japanese tea brewing method is that not only the temperature of the kettle, but the water in it must not exceed 70-90 °.wherein the infusion time is within 3-5 minutes.
In the second half of the tea ceremony the chief guest bows, puts the cup on the palm of his left hand supporting the right.Measured movement of hands he slowly brings the cup to his mouth.Taking a sip, he appreciates the taste of tea, do a few more sips, wipes prigublennoe place special paper and passes the bowl to the next guest, who after a few sips sends it on until after going around the circle, the bowl will not return to the owner.
tea tastes very astringent.Its concentration corresponds to about 100-200 g of dry tea to 0.5 liters of water.But at the same time, this tea is very fragrant.Presence in the Japanese tea aroma impart crucial.
For the whole circle of the cup is completely consumed, and this procedure should take no longer than 10 minutes.Conversations in the second action is not carried out, and all sit in chinnyh poses in strict ceremonial robes.The whole process of tea is a very long ceremony, taking place entirely in the eyes of its participants.
Thus, Japanese tea does not seem like a gastronomic reality, but as a group ritual action, has deep historical and philosophical roots, the national Japanese culture, and is one of the arts of Japan.
formed in the XVI century.philosophy "tyado" (the way of tea) is now becoming more and more popular in America and Europe.The reason for this "tyado 'popularity is set out in the famous" On the way of tea "in the West book.
Of course, the tea ceremony in Japan - not a daily ritual, and the Japanese drink tea more often than tea make the steps above.In these cases, they prefer green tea instead of black, but sometimes use it as well.It is also noteworthy that the Japanese, like the Chinese drink tea during the day before eating, while we drink after a meal.
Simplified Japanese way of brewing tea is that by this method the green or yellow tea brewed in a spherical, pre-warmed porcelain teapot.Each guest is served separately a kettle and a bowl.No sugar or jam or honey in the tea does not put rarely fed dry fruits and pastry.
During tea are absolutely no conversations between guests.All, including the hosts, immersed in thoughts of comprehending the laws of nature, of the world.Many argue that in this spiritual contemplation, in deep concentration is the main charm of the Japanese tea.