Did you know that in the Japanese language for the concepts of "tea" and "eyelash" used the same word?amazing legends The origins of tea associated with his name, originated in India.Here's how the legend that originated in India in the VI century.Young Buddha in meditation often prevailed night's sleep.Buddha was ashamed of his weakness, and he decided to fight with her.
One night he circumcised himself eyelashes, put them in the ground, and soon from them rose bushes with green leaves.The man who ever enjoyed these leaves, became cheerful and fresh.
But tea has been known in China long before the events described.The first mention of it, scientists have found in the document of the first century BC - it was a bill of sale to purchase a slave.It said that the slave must be able to make tea for his master.
In 729 ADChinese monks brought tea to Japan, which for several centuries has been developed the famous tea ceremony, through which, according to art historian Okakura Kakudzo arose whole Japanese c
In Europe a thousand years later about tea and nothing was known, and take root tea at first with difficulty.Thus, the famous Venetian traveler Marco Polo, even twenty years in the East could not become addicted to this drink.He said only sparingly in his travel notes, which again raised the tea tax.
been two and a half centuries before Europe could learn something more specific about the drink, which has long been glorified the Chinese poets.A certain Giovanni Battista Ramusio in 1559 published a detailed article - a recommendation of how to grow and use tea.Alas, Signor Ramusio even could not imagine what the revolution will produce its paper in Europe.
«Tea» European history went further, like clockwork.At the beginning of XVII century Arab traders and Portuguese sailors brought to Europe the first samples of tea.The then medical experts about the new drink have responded very positively: they make sure that it lowers the temperature, thins the blood, increases vitality, improves memory.Therefore, at first tea was sold in pharmacies at prices fantastically high.For one pound of tea had to pay up to fifty pounds of silver.
Soon between European maritime powers broke fierce struggle: after tea was a lucrative commodity.Around the same time when the first cargo from the Japanese tea arrived in Amsterdam, on one of the Dutch ships, from Mongolia in 1618 by land has been sent to "tea" Caravan for the Russian Tsar.
Mongolian tea to the Russian court arrived in much better condition than the goods that came by sea.Sailors still had no idea how to keep the tea in humid ship holds.This is the years of experience and has become known a little trick: tea always need fresh air.
first of our compatriots of tea mentions Vasily Starkov.He was sent in 1636, after the prince and saw Altin tea.First, tea is used instead of medication safety as a remedy for colds and bad effects of drunkenness.Import it in Russia it was so great in the second half of the XVII century, that a foreigner Kalburger when he was in Moscow (1674) bought the tea at 30 cents per pound.In St. Petersburg, in 1702 the first coffee house was opened.With the first half of the XVIII century, tea and coffee drinking is all, and women are addicted to coffee, tea and the men preferred.
After seventy years of control over trade have English tea.And when in 1833 their monopoly on tea was over, it was done: nearly all the British have become a passionate tea lovers.This fact is confirmed by the numbers: from 1690 to 1790 tea imports into Britain increased from 10 thousand to 4 million kilograms.