In our country there are a large number of various festivals, traditions and rituals that come to us from the distant past and with their history.Among them are some of the most famous and loved by the people.These holidays include Carnival.
In 2014 Maslenitsa, or Pancake Week, will be celebrated in our country from 24 February to 2 March.It symbolizes the beginning of the winter and spring, which all look forward to after the frost months.On Shrove Tuesday pancakes made to symbolize the sun and its revival.
Carnival is celebrated in some cultures, but each of them has its own characteristics.For example, the pagan Mardi Gras falls on the spring equinox and has a second name "Komoeditsa".It is believed that on this day the sun wakes up and the pagan god of light Horse becomes a young man, to give a new name Yarylo.
name of the holiday comes from ancient pagan beliefs.In the old days was called comas bears, holiday falls exactly on the day of their awakening.The Slavs
Carnival and Orthodoxy
Let's start with the fact that in the Orthodox culture of Mardi Gras is celebrated not on the day of the vernal equinox, as was the custom before, and at the end of February.This is due to the fact that the vernal equinox falls on the period of Lent, which is not present in the pagan culture, and therefore eat pancakes on this day the Orthodox citizens failed.In this connection the date of Carnival was postponed for a month ago.Now Pancake Week is the week preceding Lent and to report its beginning.
As already mentioned, on Shrove Tuesday, as early as now, made pancakes.They are baked every day, throughout the week.Accompanied by loud Carnival festivities and fun that are held, usually in the central square.There's also local craftsmen and chefs to show off their talents, selling all sorts of souvenirs and treating holiday guests delicious pancakes.
Every day of Maslenitsa has its own name.The first day is called "Meeting".On this day people call in guest house and the next of kin and to put on the table pancakes.However, the first baked pancake should be given to the poor to enable them to commemorate their dead relatives.
second day of Carnival is called "Zaigryshi".The name is very symbolic, because the whole day goes a lot of fun and is followed by sledding and ice skating, outdoor games, dancing and all kinds of entertainment.On this day, the guests were taken to meet with pancakes at the gate.
third day of Carnival is called "Teschin pancakes."Traditionally in-law has to come with your family to visit the mother-and she treated him fresh, freshly baked pancakes.On this day, it was believed that you need to eat as many pancakes as you like until tёscha kind and feeds the soul of his son in law.
fourth day of Carnival is called "Revelry".One of the traditions is considered to organize fights the streets on this day.Also frequently organized fun and contests of skill.For example, to post, to the very top of it, fastened the wheel, and the wheel hung a variety of prizes, and only the most clever and resourceful could figure out how to get to them.
called "Teschin evening" The fifth day of Carnival.As you may have guessed, this is a return visit to his son-mother in law.He invites her to visit, and she and her family came to taste pancakes cooked in-law himself.
sixth day of Carnival - a "Zolovkina gatherings."In-law in Russia called a young daughter, and on this day all the guests to taste Teschin pancakes and pancakes in-law, went to visit the young mistress, to evaluate its hospitality and culinary skills.
last day of Carnival is called "Forgiveness Sunday".On this day to ask for forgiveness for the wrongs of all their loved ones, as well as travel to visit relatives and godfathers.