«It is true that a man - is the king of the animals, but his cruelty he surpasses them.We live by the death of others.We just cant cemetery.From early childhood, I have given up eating meat, and the day will come when the animals to the murder of a person will be treated in the same way as in the murder of men. "
Leonardo da Vinci
The dictionary Ozhegova vegetarianism is defined as the power plant and dairy food a rejection of meat.The concept of vegetarianism appeared in 1842, thanks to the British, who at that time formed the first "British Vegetarian Society."The founders have long thought about the name of their society, and it seemed the most appropriate Latin word "vegetus", translated it means "cheerful, fresh, healthy."
But the first information about the people who renounced eating meat are known from the IV-V centuries BCFor example, many of the gods in Egypt had animal image, and the priests became a vegetarian, I would not annoy the gods, the most successful to communicate with them an
Greeks, in ancient times, have simply decided not to kill the poor nor innocent animals.Philosophers such as Plutarch, Plato, Socrates and others wrote in their works on the usefulness of plant foods, and they themselves were vegetarians.
All of us at school known mathematician and philosopher Pythagoras, but few people know that this wise man believed in the transmigration of souls, and therefore, never ate meat.And Pythagoras was a lot of students from the richest families and clad rule.And his disciples, imitating his teacher, too, switched to vegetable diet.Here are some of their community and is considered the first "vegetarian society" in the world.
relatives worried about their children, they are mainly interested in whether the food will not harm only plant food health.But at the beginning of the IV century, the great physician Hippocrates, in his work, proved the usefulness of such a health food.
Over time, Greek civilization began to decline, and vegetable diet forgotten.Only the hermit monks, but some religious communities is sometimes observed.Generally speaking, people have stopped a long time to think about their diet and the origin of food.
interest in this subject came back only in the Renaissance, and the reason for that was the fashion for all the mysterious east.India was at that time a colony of England, it is believed that the British brought from there the idea of vegetarianism.By the way, still in India, the highest number of vegetarians (80%).This is not surprising, since the cow in this country is considered a sacred animal, killing it as - a great sin.
In Japan, too, do not favor pork and beef, in the main, their food of animal origin prepared seafood.And the way the Chinese prefer vegetables and rice.But in Europe and America the supporters of vegetarianism is small, only about 5%, and an even smaller amount in Russia.One of the prominent representatives of vegetarianism was Leo Tolstoy, who became to them out of love for animals.
Now the idea of vegetarianism in many developed countries has become literally "fixed idea."Her supporters are confident he is right and fight with carnivores, distributing literature about the horrors of animal life by boycotting clothing made of natural fur, arranging pickets near "McDonalds" and rallies in defense of our little protest against the use of animals in scientific experiments.
Those who adhere to a strict vegetarian diet, they eat not only meat, but also dairy products and even honey, because they believe their product exploitation of living creatures (but I wonder what will happen to the cow if it is not milk?), And huntersand fishermen believe the killers.
slogan vegetarians become slightly altered words of Kafka - "I did not eat."