Tea : History of Tea , varieties and types of tea , the tea brewing , tea benefits

When guests come to the house, it's time to put the kettle and brew fresh tea.It just so happened that the tea, this aromatic drink, became a symbol of communication and hospitality.

tea history

fact that tea originated in China, they know, probably all.But where did the word itself - "tea"?In their homeland, tea has more than a hundred titles.The most common - "cha", which means "young leaf".

In each province the word "tea" is pronounced in its own way.Thus, in the northern province of Hankou, which is traditionally traded in Russia, tea called "tea", and in the southeastern port city of Guangzhou, Fuzhou and Sanmyn where long moored ships from Europe, the tea called "tea" or "ti".Hence, different name beloved drink "tea" - in Russian and in most Slavic languages, "ti" or "te" - in Western.

Europeans learned about tea in the XVI century, but for over two hundred years was used only as a medicine drink: tea drink for colds and loss of strength.Astringent tea infusion seemed simple and tasteless com

pared to coffee and chocolate, all have their favorite.But first the British appreciated the taste of tea, and a light hand with their tea came into use other inhabitants of Europe, won the sympathy of the Americans, and even Indians.

Surprisingly, India, the famous modern tea exporter, met this drink only in the late XIX century.Moreover, the tea plants are growing there since time immemorial, but only became interested in tea Buddhist monks.

where tea is grown?

Today tea cultivation on an industrial scale are engaged in 30 countries around the world, including in Russia.However, only five of tea producing areas of higher grade tea.These include plantations, located above a thousand meters above sea level.In China, it's Yunnan and Fujian, Japan - Uji, India - Darjeeling, Sri Lanka - South Ceylon.

«Indian tea" and "Ceylon tea" - it's just the general concepts, say nothing about the features of a variety of Indian and Ceylon tea.After all, the quality of tea is determined not only a place of growth, but also the time and manner of harvesting, primary processing and final character, etc.

understand all these subtleties can be done only professionals - Taster, who are engaged in the selection of tea material known chaetorgovyh firms and compiling blends of teas certain brands, and those who just love tea, is to trust their experience and enjoy this wonderful and healthy drinks.

Miracle drink - green tea

How do you know whether the tea that you buy good?To do this, you need to know that the quality of green tea recognize the color of tea leaves.They should be light green, pistachio color, with a matte golden or silvery sheen.Greyish and earthy-green tint indicate that the tea is made with violations of technology or improperly stored.

If you want to try this wonderful drink, do not forget that the brewed green tea is not quite as black.To properly brew green tea, you need to:

- teapot should be well warmed up several times pour over boiling water and then dried

- green tea for brewing take the rate of 40-50 grams of PA 200 milliliters of water.Pushing it at least 7-8 minutes, or flavorings not have time to go into solution.First, pour hot water (not boiling!) Dry leaves, 3 minutes later topped Kettle half, and after a few minutes - to the brim

- green tea can be brewed 2-3 times, pouring boiling water over the leaves asleep.Some people find that after a second brewing green tea even more delicious.But fragrant and tasty green tea in a different way than the black.Present its taste - astringent taste reminiscent of grape seeds.Color of the brew - light, yellow or greenish.Green tea is fine in itself, without anything, but it is good combined with lemon or lemongrass syrup, not to mention jasmine flowers.

Black tea - how to choose

With regard black tea , quality criteria he has such:

- the color of tea leaves: sleek black, maybe with a reddish, bluish or orange tint.Pale brown or gray tea leaves evidence of abuse or processing that was used crude, obsolete raw

- degree torsion leaves: the tighter the better.High-quality tea is rolled tightly, and because of this his tea leaves - resilient, unbreakable.If the tea at pressing crumbles easily, it means that he does not first grade

- the size of tea leaves: leaf, whole tea retains better flavor, less absorb moisture and odors.However, fans of strong tea are more suited sliced ​​teas - they are faster to make and easier to give extractives.

What tips?

And about tips. Tipsy - this silvery tips of the youngest tea twigs, covered with delicate white fluff (fluff stored and processed tea).This tips give the tea flavor, so the more the tea tips, so it is better.

ritual tea

Drinking tea - not with the incomparable pleasure and also a ritual.How to make tea?For tea need soft, freshly boiled water.Teapot for brewing tea (porcelain, glass or porcelain), first of all, we must scald with boiling water, add the tea and leave to swell for a few minutes.

Then pour boiling water so that it only covered the tea.Let stand in a warm place for five minutes and only then pour the required amount of water.Three minutes later, tea brew is poured into a cup and add only that the boiled water.Tea is brewed only once.To the tea was fragrant in the teapot, you can put a piece of sugar.

What drink tea?

Separately tea served lump sugar or granulated sugar, lemon, fruit or berry jam, honey, milk or cream.If desired, the tea can be poured rum, vodka, brandy (1-2 teaspoons per cup, only at the beginning it is necessary to pour an alcoholic beverage, then tea leaves, and then to water).

In the hot season can be served iced tea with lemon, ice (frozen water slice of lemon or berry) and juices.Ice tea drink with a straw.

Amazing properties

tea cup of strong fragrant tea will always help to cheer up, tune in a working mood and banish the remnants of sleep.However, we must not forget that the action of black tea has its drawbacks.

As it is not sad, black tea can cause varicose veins, digestion deterioration, palpitations, tinnitus, insomnia, fatigue, and constipation.

The action of strong black tea similar to the effect of coffee.It also contains large amounts of caffeine.Also, the substance present in the tea which tone nervous system, increased urination, exert a strong stimulating effect on the heart.

This means that drinking strong tea is undesirable for people suffering from insomnia, hypertension, heart disease, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcers, neuroses, as well as young children, especially at night.

Herbal teas

Black tea, of course, taste and brings vigor, but much healthier vegetable herb teas and especially green tea.Herbal teas are prepared differently.The roots of the plants, the bark is put into cold water, boil and give infuse for 10-15 minutes.

Dried mint, chamomile, linden blossom pour boiling water, cover and insist approximately 10-15 minutes and then filtered through a strainer.To 1 liter of water take approximately 4-8 g of dry leaves.Tea can be stronger.

Ivan-tea and other herbal teas

Universal preventive and curative properties have herbal teas (herbal tea).Tea from these fees has a wonderful aroma and flavor.

Russia has long been supplying the whole of Europe to our willow-tea.It minimal caffeine, theobromine and theophylline, but longer contains vitamin P, C, essential oils, organic acids, magnesium, manganese, sodium, potassium, calcium, fluoride, and copper.Ivan-tea (leaves and flowers) harvested at the beginning of flowering.

everywhere, except tea, and famous teas of lime blossom.They have a honey flavor, delicate taste, possess diaphoretic action.

tea can be made from flowers, fruits, leaves and young twigs of wild rose.The taste and aroma of the drink can compete with any standard tea, but by the content of vitamins is superior to all others.