How to define the text style

The fastest way to transfer information from one person to another is the printed word.Depending on the objectives and the target audience, a set of expressive means of Russian language can vary considerably.Reading, the writing and the person is important to know how to define the style of the text, because it gives an understanding of written and will further outline a number of possible methods by which the reader is easy to convey thoughts.

What text

The text referred to as any speech that is recorded on paper or in electronic form, at the same time it can be artistic or journalistic, in the form of documents, letters, etc.In fact, the text contains at least two proposals, and they must be combined not only the meaning but also the grammar.Description of events or objects, or the fate of actions in the text are always destined to the main theme, the promise.Regardless of the style, the subject should be written clearly delineated.

As a rule, to understand what will be discussed in

the text, is not so difficult, because the authors take out the topic up, making her name.For ease of use and intermediate headings, which give direction to explain to the reader what is waiting for him in some sense of the text.It is interesting that the same information is easy to get to file under a different "sauce" for diametrically opposed audiences or occasions.So, how to determine the correct text style?

concept of functional style of speech

in various fields of journalism, literature has its own varieties of the language.The word "style" has many definitions used in the visual arts, architecture, design (in addition to the literature).If we talk purely about the literary value, it is a set of expression (art and other) elements inherent in the writing of the text.Functional styles of speech are as follows:

  1. narrative - time-related presentation of the events.The sequence in this type of text does not always correspond to the chronology, but is always associated with it.The narrative view requires the use of words "while," "then," "then," etc.These words mark the event, tying them to a specific site chronology.
  2. Description - summary of the qualities of the object of discussion.This type of text often uses adjectives that reflect the distinctive features of the subject, "beautiful", "big", "wide", "thin", "easy", "fast".The description may use adverbs to compare to other objects in the same category of "long", "faster than", "less than", "deeper".
  3. reasoning - this type of text contains three compulsory elements: a statement and proof of the conclusion.Initially, the reasoning stated a thesis, for example, "Do UFOs exist."This is followed by the evidence, analysis of the veracity of the allegations or the infidelity and on the basis of the evidence concludes loyalty to the original approval.

What are the styles of speech

In Russian, there are four basic language style, differing from each other by different sets of techniques and characteristics and having their essential characteristics of the text:

  • official business;
  • Elementary;
  • art;
  • publicist.

In each case, the author must know how to define the style of the text, which used functional styles of modern Russian language to convey its essence to the final audience.For example, the question, what is the style of the text, it is easy to answer, if you know what:

  • For correspondence with business partners, bosses and subordinates appropriate official business genre.
  • A personal communication and correspondence is more suitable Elementary.
  • description of events, places, emotions and experiences are better at using the art style of presentation.
  • journalistic style of speech for thought reports through the media - magazines, newspapers, internet.However, the media texts can not always be called journalism, in some cases, a colloquial or scientific genre.


As a result of this style of presentation is obtained article, report, interview or essay.Grammar and style of the genre include the ease of reading and perception of the broadest masses of the target audience.Journalistic style almost always involves reference to the reader, because the investigation is carried out by a third party.Examples of this style you will find, after reading a newspaper.

A separate version is sometimes distinguished scientific and journalistic style.In this case, the text uses the argument on scientific subjects.The author at the outset makes the assumption, and for articles, essays or reviews results prove the veracity or the infidelity of this thesis, and in the end make a conclusion on the basis of the above arguments.Language means of scientific style involve the use of precise definitions.Examples of journalistic style common to mix them with other hard.


Main application style - speaking and expressiveness and understandable to the masses makes it popular in journalism.This text uses colloquial expressions and accept a direct appeal to the reader by asking questions and provoking emotional perception written.Writing conversational style differs from the interpretation, becausevia text difficult to convey emotion, expressed by facial expressions or gestures.


If we are not talking about literary journals, the genre is not used in periodicals.What is a literary text?It involves a lengthy discourse, description, dialogue, analysis.The aim of the artistic style is not the transmission of information and the maximum immersion in the work of the reader, arousal emotions, fantasies, the impact on the senses.This genre allows for lengthy argument, subjectivity in the evaluation of facts, events and phenomena.The length of the text for those who use the book style of speech is not limited.

official business

official style of speech is for business communication, both within the team and in the correspondence with outside organizations.Officially-business use and oral communication, when it comes to business dealings.The objective of this text style is to transfer the maximum amount of evidence from one person to another without the use of estimates adjectives.Widely used standard phrases and repetitions, which in other Stylistics perceived as flaws or mistakes.

official-business style provides a dry enumeration of facts, figures, establishing causal relationships, a certain system that determines the construction of written proposals.The text of this type differs from all the others, it must contain two elements:

  • descriptive part - here set forth the fact, the possible consequences.
  • Action - here specified requirement, please, offer to perform certain acts.

texts Examples of different speech styles

Several models use different genres to present the same situation with the text:

  • publicist."This morning a woman Nura went out to the barn to milk the cow Zorka was quite surprised.She found an open door to the utility room and the animal inside was not."Who led Zorka and what I do without her?" -with Such issues Nura Baba asked the local police to Ivan Golovin.An investigation is underway. "
  • Spoken."I go I Stepanovna, in the barn, and Zorka, then no!I've already called her, crying, I went to a neighbor Petrovich - he may have seen something ... And since yesterday evening he picked up so that still does not go out of the house.I went to the district, he says: "Write an application, we will understand.".So I wrote.Home went through the cemetery, look, and then my Zorka-grazing in a meadow! »
  • Art."Light morning mist has just started to dissipate, and the first rays of the sun touched the lush grass front yard.Roosters began to shout their few early morning call signs and the village Gulkovo beginning to wake up.Easy creaked have not oiled the door and on the threshold of rickety wooden hut appeared Nura Baba.She was looking for his cow. »
  • official business."17.06.2014 at 9:30 in the police station on. Gulkovo a statement addressed a citizen of the Russian Federation Anna Egorova Zakharovna.In essence, the questions asked, she explained that 06.17.2014, about 4-50, she discovered the loss of livestock (cows) on the territory of its own houses adjoining farms.The animal was in a separate outbuildings.Egorova AZHe said that the cow could not get away, and she demanded to initiate an investigation under Article 158 of the Criminal Code.The statement was recorded in the ledger of crimes and offenses.17.06.2014 at 16:00 Egorova AZagain appealed to the police station on. Gulkovo a statement that the animal sought by it found and claim the applicant no one has. »

Table speech styles

Excellent tool for those who do not know how to define the styletext.The proposed table includes the main stylistic features.With it you will learn how to define the style of the finished text, what are the styles of speech in the Russian language, stylistic affiliation of the document you want to create:




official business

functions style

Show describe

Communication, conversation

Report, to prove the point of view of

convey information

Scope style


Everyday communication, personal letter

activism, cultural, political and economic relations

Paperwork, legislation, development of regulations

style Genres

poems, fairy tale, drama, novel, short story


reasoning, explanation, communication, essay, newspaper article

References, statements, instructions, orders, sampleslaws, plans

characteristic features of style

use any kind of syntactic and lexical structures in all possible combinations

emotional, simplify or ignore the rules of grammar, slang words

imagery, logic,assessment of events and phenomena, accessibility to the masses

precision, impersonality, Standard