Every nursing mother will sooner or later faces the problem lactostasis.Feeding a child at the same time causes a lot of suffering to be endured because it is the most effective method rastsezhivaniya chest.Lactostasis in nursing mothers - a blockage of milk channels.The stagnation of milk is a frequent phenomenon in the long run to establish a mature lactation.Knowing what lactostasis, easy to organize proper breastfeeding, to prevent the formation of "balls" in the chest, to establish a close emotional ties of trust with the child.
mammary gland consists of 15-25 lobules the milk associated with nipple excretory ducts.During lactostasis these ducts become clogged.This contributes to overflow the milk lobules.A constant flow of milk forms a seal-swelling, redness of the skin, causing pain in the surrounding tissues.Feeding at lactostasis becomes torture, but with the help of your baby you will quickly rastsedite chest.The main causes of the blockage of milk ducts a
- feeding on the regime;
- limit continued access to the breast;
- poor appetite in a child;
- feeding in the same position;
- poor attachment to the breast;
- pinched mother of the breast during feeding;
- unreasonable pumping;
- failure of breastfeeding, weaning, the transition to artificial feeding;
- too thick milk;
- injuries to the chest;
- anatomical breast;
- tight underwear, compressing the chest.
first signs and symptoms
lactostasis lactating mother develops gradually.At first, a woman feels good about illness said only a small internal "ball" in the chest.If not taken to eliminate this sealing action, the disease becomes active form, accompanied by fever, nausea, pain.High (more than 38 degrees), the temperature at lactostasis in nursing mothers - a sign of non-infectious mastitis.Storing temperature for 2-3 days should alert a woman.Connection of a secondary infection, the development of infectious mastitis.
What to do and how to treat lactostasis at
breastfeeding When the first discomfort in the chest area must be defined: lactostasis it or mastitis.Indications of the thermometer - the only difference between these categories.Blockage of the milk ducts in the breast for more than 3 days is characteristic of a mastitis, whereas signs lactostasis in nursing mothers are 1-2 days.lactostasis Treatment in nursing takes place according to the scheme:
- pumping milk;
- frequent feedings;
- breast massage.
stagnation of milk in breastfeeding mothers are often triggered by wrong-established breast-feeding a baby.Applying the baby to the breast should be on demand.No mode is not active.For a child's chest is the main tool of communication with her mother, especially during the child's gradual adaptation to the environment.Access restrictions to milk violate the calm rhythm of life the baby.
When running lactostasis difficult child suck, so you need to help him.Rastsezhivanie little easier breasts, breast will be less difficult.If you can not express milk manually, you can use a breast pump.Lactostasis, mastitis in nursing mothers often occurs because of the immutability of posture during feeding.Put your baby to the breast should be given seals localization - feed from the underarm area, or in a pose "Diamonds".
Gentle breast massage
breast disease state can be alleviated by using different massaging, stroking.Do not try to stretch their seal appeared: aggressive breast massage can cause injury, lead to other serious consequences.Movement should be carried out gently in the direction of the flow of milk - from the outside to the nipple.If the breast is impossible even to touch, it is better to combine massage with pumping in a warm shower.
packs and ointments
Many mothers in an effort to get rid of swollen, painful breasts using various tips relatives.Sometimes these instructions contain a direct threat to the health of the mother's life.Do not be afraid to offend grandmothers or friends that do not use their methods of struggle with lactostasis.In some cases, it will do you and your child only benefit.
Application hot, alcohol compresses, ointments ichthyol, camphor oil is strictly prohibited at stagnation of milk!Such methods can accelerate the separation chamber inflammation in the breast and lead to abscess.Contact parts of alcohol, camphor child through the milk is very dangerous for the child's body.Visibly reduce symptoms lactostasis helps ointment or gel "Traumeel".The favorable effect on the cracked nipples, according to the reviews moms, has cream "D-panthenol."
In the case where the seal in the chest due to appear nervous overstrain, a nursing mother can help tablet shpy.Taking the drug should be 15-20 minutes before feeding or pumping.Nospanum eliminate spasms caused ducts accelerate rastsezhivanie chest.Antipyretics do not usually apply when lactostasis because they "block" the symptoms, not eliminate the blockage of milk ducts.
In severe cases lactostasis not use ibuprofen.Not smooth high temperature for more than 4 days, indicative of infectious mastitis and requires referral to a specialist.The doctor will prescribe the required drugs.Means eliminate infected milk ducts.Generally, antibiotic preparations character selected with regard to their impact on the feeding process.
Physiotherapy and ultrasound
lactostasis If symptoms persist for several days, relief does not come, but there is no heat, it is possible to speak of non-infectious mastitis.With the ineffectiveness of the overall system treatment specialist may prescribe magnetotherapy or ultrasound.Physiotherapy techniques aimed at facilitating rastsezhivaniya, eliminating inflammation.After the extinction of the flash lactostasis breast tenderness may persist for some time.
Folk remedies for the treatment at home
A comprehensive approach to the treatment of lactostasis is the best solution to the problem.It is necessary to combine all the useful ways - together they will give positive results.Of traditional and alternative medicine have proven themselves as excellent helpers for any ailments, but should be used only proven safe methods, among which are the following:
- cabbage leaf.Cabbage facilitate general condition, reduce the temperature.Before using it is necessary to wash, to make incisions in the sheet.Then attach to the patient chest, fix any bra.Cabbage leaf at lactostasis recommended to change every 3 hours.
- Chamomile infusion.Chamomile is known for its healing antiseptic properties.To prepare the infusion is necessary to take 2 tbsp.tablespoons chamomile, pour over them boiling water, leave for an hour.Further moisten the gauze in the solution applied to the chest for 20 minutes.Repeat the procedure better than 3 times a day.
- Bow.Baked in the oven bulb in a warm (not hot!) Able to attach to the breast.Repeating such manipulation several times, you will feel a noticeable relief.
- homeopathic techniques.To achieve a good therapeutic effect and eliminate the need to use a breast soreness homeopathic triad: Mercurius Solubilis 3 trit, Apis 3, Belladonna 3. Eat 7 or peas 1/4 teaspoon powdered funds.
Preventing stagnation of milk in the breast
once faced with blocked milk duct, breast-feeding mother will never want to move it again.To prevent relapses need to understand the reasons for the stagnation of the past and not to repeat the mistakes of the past.Constantly repeating lactostasis indicate the wrong approach to feeding, systematic violations of regulations.As preventive measures of protection against the formation of seals in the chest can be identified:
- feeding on demand;
- thorough breast examination for the presence of "balls";
- use different postures when feeding;
- good attachment of the child to her breast;
- exception sleep on his stomach;
- avoidance of excessive pumping, hypothermia;
- observance of rational drinking regimen;
- use special underwear;
- allocation of time to rest.
Video: how to express milk at lactostasis
Expressing is one of the main ways to withdrawal symptoms when lactostasis.With the release milky segments will gradually disappear discomfort in the chest, to restore the natural drainage of the breast.Sometimes the process can be accompanied by severe pain in the chest.Reduce inflammation is using nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.Correctly carry out the procedure of pumping milk is not easy, but you can learn this hard business.The video below, is a good support for mothers in this way.