In diabetes the metabolism, so the glucose in the body is poorly absorbed.For patients with neinsulinovoy form it plays an important role nutrition disease, which is the main way to treat mild forms of the disease.There is a type 2 diabetes is mainly against the background of obesity, so taking insulin is not needed here, but proper nutrition becomes a kind of treatment.Power has some principles that we learn nizhe.Soblyudat them is not difficult with type 2 diabetes, and the result is impressive.
Features and principles of nutrition in diabetes mellitus type 2
Type 2 diabetes causes a drop in glucose concentration and lack of energy in the cells of the spinal cord due to a lack of glucose entering the cells of the body sick.Develops diabetes of this type in elderly or middle-aged adults, and it is directly linked to the body's aging or obesity.The task of man with type 2 diabetes mellitus - to lose weight, then he will get rid of the disease.Losing weight by 5 kg already greatly improve the blood
main energy in the human body when powered make proteins, fats and carbohydrates.More energy fats contain almost twice as carbohydrates or proteins, so an effective low-calorie food for diabetes type 2 diabetes will be a significant reduction of fat in the menu.To remove most fats should follow a few rules in the diet:
- Remove before cooking fat from the meat, poultry with the skin.
- Carefully read the information on the packaging of the product, it will show the body fat percentage.
- Avoid frying foods in oil.Better use of stewing, roasting or cooking.
- Adding salads mayonnaise or sour cream significantly increases their calorie content.
- Try to eat more raw vegetables than cooked.
- Avoid chips and nuts - they are high in calories.
permitted and prohibited products
in nutrition in disease type 2 diabetes, there are both allowed and forbidden foods.The list of allowed foods varied, so for patients with diabetes to eat tasty - it's real.Nutritionists allow diabetics to eat lean fish, meat, low-fat dairy products, vegetables, fruit.Especially shown in the diet at a diabetes of any type of fruits and vegetables, reduce blood sugar and "bad" cholesterol:
Doctors have clearly identified the foods that should be excluded when type 2 diabetes.This list all diabetics should be aware firmly.Unacceptable alcohol, fatty, spicy, sweet dishes, as well as:
- Sugar products.Instead of sugar, you need to use sugar substitutes.
- or Puff pastry.
- Bananas, strawberries, grapes, as well as useful dried fruits: raisins, dates, figs.
- marinated, savory.
- Undiluted fresh juices.
- meats, lard, butter, fatty broth.
How to make diet
Nutrition for type 2 diabetes should be a fraction, the daily ration should be divided into 6 receptions small portions.This will help the intestine to absorb food efficiently, supporting a gradual penetration of glucose in the blood.All products diabetes should be used for graphics, and to control blood glucose, the daily menu should contain fiber.Meals for diabetics type 2 is composed by experts from the products that keep the body under control, but most patients are difficult to change dietary habits.
Doctors with type 2 diabetes are strongly advised to dishes that contain dietary fiber: this herbal particles that do not require digestion.They have a hypoglycemic, lipid-lowering effect, as well as their use allows to slow down the absorption of fats in the intestine, gradually reducing body weight.
Low-carb diet for diabetics 2 degrees
For diabetics with obesity effective low-carb diet.The results of her research has shown that if a patient with diabetes will be a day to consume no more than 20 grams of carbohydrates, then in six months will have a low blood sugar, and can completely abandon the drugs.This food is suitable for people with active lifestyles.In two weeks in patients with diabetes is improved blood pressure, lipid profile.The most popular low-carbohydrate diets:
- Mayo Clinic
Chief Mayo diet product for patients with type 2 diabetes - fat burning soup.It is made of six bulbs, a pair of tomatoes and green bell peppers, cabbage small kochanchiki, beam stalk of celery and two cubes of vegetable broth.This soup is definitely seasoned hot pepper (chilli or cayenne), due to which he and burns fat.There can be an unlimited number by adding fruit in each meal food.
- South Beach
The main goal of this diet - to monitor a patient with type 2 diabetes, hunger, reduce weight while maintaining his normal throughout life.In the first stage of the food are very strict limitations: allowed to eat proteins, strictly certain vegetables.In the second stage a low-carb diet when weight will drop, and introduced other foods: fruits, dairy, lean meats, complex carbohydrates.Among the type 2 diabetics, this diet is more popular.
- Glycemic Diet
suggested diet helps the patient avoid type 2 diabetes sharp drop in insulin levels.It is based on a strict rule: 40% of calories in the body comes from unprocessed complex carbohydrates.Therefore replace the juices fresh fruit, whole grain white bread is replaced and so on.30% of calories in the body should come from fats, so a week's ration of diabetic type 2 includes daily lean pork, fish, chicken.30% of the power should fall on the low-fat dairy products.
Table counting the required number
carbohydrates to facilitate food in case of type 2 diabetes, experts special table counting the right amount of carbohydrates has been developed.In laboratories studied a variety of products on the carbohydrate content, and to communicate research results to people, far from science, was invented by a special bread unit (BU).It equalizes
products of carbohydrates, and not by caloric content.Conventionally XE contains 12-15 grams of carbohydrates, and measure it convenient to different products - from watermelons to sweet cheesecakes.Calculate bread unit Diabetics simple: at the factory packaging of the product, as a rule, indicate the amount of carbohydrates per 100 grams, which is divisible by 12, and is adjusted by weight.
To calculate XE in home kitchen with diabetes need a calculator, recipe and Table XE.Thus, for example, if article 9 were used for 10 pancakes.l.flour (1 tbsp -.. 1HE), 1 cup milk (1HE), 1 egg (no HE) and 1 tablespoonvegetable oil (no HE), then some damn - this is one XE.At night diabetics older than 50 years are allowed to consumption of 12-14 XE, diabetic and obese 2A - no more than 10 XE, and diabetes and obesity in the 2B level - no more than 8 XE.
Table bread units
1HE contained in the following products:
- 25 g of any bread;
- 1 tbsp.l.flour, starch, crackers;
- 2 tbsp.l.cooked cereals;
- 1 tbsp.l.Sahara;
- 3 tbsp.l.cooked pasta;
- 35 g of fried potatoes;
- 75 g mashed potatoes;
- 7 Art.l.all legumes;
- 1 medium beet;
- 1 saucer cherries or strawberries;
- 70 grams of grapes;
- 8 tablespoonscurrants, raspberries, gooseberries.
- 3 pcs.carrots;
- 70 g banana or grapefruit;
- 150 g plum, apricot or tangerine;
- 250 ml kvass;
- 140 g of pineapple;
- 270 grams of watermelon;
- 100 g melon;
- 200 ml of beer;
- 1/3 Art.grape juice;
- 1 tbsp.dry wine;
- ½ cup apple juice;
- 1 tbsp.low-fat dairy products;
- 65 grams of ice cream.
Sample menu for a week
patients with type 2 diabetes need lifelong adhere to the low-carb diet, but the food should be quite diverse, for example:
- Power for Monday, Wednesday, Saturday
Breakfast: carrot salad 70g, oat milk porridge 200 g timber, bran bread, 50 g, 250 g unsweetened tea
second breakfast;apple, unsweetened tea.
Lunch: low-fat soup 250 g, 100 g of vegetable salad, roast 70 g, 50 g bran bread, non-carbonated mineral water, 250 g
Afternoon: cheesecakes 100g, savory broth hips 250ml.
Dinner: cabbage-meat cutlet 150g, boiled egg - 1 pc, bread and unsweetened tea.
second Dinner: low-fat fermented baked milk - 250 ml.
- Power for Tuesday, Thursday
Breakfast: 150g cottage cheese, buckwheat or oatmeal 150g, black bread, unsweetened tea.
Lunch: unsweetened compote 250 ml.
Lunch: chicken broth 250 grams, boiled lean meat 75 grams, 100 grams of cabbage tushenaya-, jelly without sugar - 100 grams, bread, mineral water 250 ml.
Snack - Apple 1 pcs.
Dinner: stewed vegetables 150 grams, 100 grams of meatballs, schnitzel with cabbage - 200 g, bread, savory broth from the hips.
second dinner: drinking yoghurt - 250 ml.
- Meals for Friday, Sunday
Breakfast: boiled beets 70 g, 150 g rice porridge, low-fat cheese 2 slices of bread, a coffee drink.
Lunch: grapefruit 1 piece.
Lunch: fish soup 250 ml, 70 g caviar squash, boiled lean chicken meat 150 g, bread, lemon drink.
Afternoon: coleslaw with carrots, unsweetened tea.
Dinner: buckwheat porridge 150 g fresh cabbage 170 g, bread, tea.
second Dinner: low-fat milk 250 g
Recipes dietary dishes
Recipe №1.Peas with onions and beans.
This dietary meal is effective in type 2 diabetics, as quickly saturates and reduces blood sugar levels.For it will need a little bit of food: green peas and beans, frozen or fresh.To remain in the products useful substances, they should be prepared not more than 10 minutes.Ingredients:
- peas, onions and beans.
- wheat flour.
- lemon juice.
- salt, herbs.
In a pan melt the butter and should add the peas, which is fried for 3 minutes.Then the beans are added, covered with a lid and stewed until tender.Saute onion in butter separately, and then added to it passirovki flour, tomato paste, lemon juice, herbs and salt.Together, stewed 3 minutes, and then added to the finished beans, peas and garlic polished.To the table served with tomatoes.
Recipe №2.Grilled fish.
When type 2 diabetes should be more likely to eat lean fish because it is a source full of easily digestible protein, which helps boost the immune defense of the body, and promotes tissue repair, which is especially important for diabetics,prone to trophic disorders.The protein diet will help to cope with obesity.
- carcass mackerel.
- Spices, salt.
fish to clean, rub with salt, spices and fill with chopped lemon slices.Place the grill at home, obzharivaya until tender.
Recipe №3.Salad with squid.
Doctors recommend that patients with diabetes to eat more seafood, because the trace elements found in them that are not found in any products.Especially valuable for diabetics type 2 squid, which in their qualities are not only completely replace the meat, but also contain a variety of unsaturated fatty acids, and in fact they are completely no cholesterol.The proper diabetic food include shellfish should always be - they lower insulin levels.
- Low-fat yogurt.
Squid boiled in slightly salted water for 4 minutes, the film is released and cut into strips.Boiled egg, onion shredded apple is cleaned, cut or grate.All mixed and seasoned yogurt.
Video: therapeutic diet for diabetes of the second type
learn how to eat right, everyone should know a diabetic.Examples of the low-carb diet, which in type 2 diabetes balance the nutrition and help lower the glycemic index of the diet, you will see in this video:
new generation of drugs to treat diabetes
patch from diabetes - an effective means of treatment, means №1in Europe in 2013-2014.
Dialek - reduces the level of sugar in the blood, stabilize the pancreas and reduces body weight and normalizes
pressure monastic tea - a means of combating diabetes based on herbs