Violation of thyroid function leads to very serious consequences for the female reproductive system and the health of the whole organism.External signs of abnormalities can occur in the form of serious violations in behavior and a strong deterioration of health.Note: thyroid disease in women can develop both in intact and at too high or low activity of the body, leading to the disruption of hormone synthesis.
Where is the thyroid gland in women
The thyroid gland is located in the front of the neck below the larynx.A better understanding of how the ability to exert its associated endocrine disorders, will anatomy.Understand the responsibilities of the thyroid gland in women.Discover the analysis to identify the signs of the entity's functions.As a rule, the disease develops sluggishly, and the first external symptoms often manifest themselves already in severe stages.Laboratory tests help detect hormonal abnormalities or the risk of their occurrence in time, which greatly facilitates the recovery.
The main function of the thyroid gland is to ensure normal cellular metabolism.Synthesized by her hormones are regulators of all the processes occurring in the body.When thyroid disease in women may develop complications such as severe depression of immunity, the inability to conceive and a high risk of miscarriage.
During laboratory tests, prescribed for suspected thyroid disease, investigated the concentration of thyroid hormones T3 and T4, and the level of thyroid-stimulating hormone, abbreviated as TSH.The rate of thyroid gland in women depends on the method of research, but the results of tests is easy to assume the development of a particular pathology.With this disease, hypothyroidism, thyroid hormone levels decreased or normal and elevated TSH levels, and in hyperthyroidism pattern is reversed - T3 and T4 increased and TSH below normal.
symptoms of thyroid disease
symptoms in thyroid diseases in women is very specific.The number of common indicators of the development of pathologies, include chronic fatigue, depression, unexplained decrease or weight gain, menstrual disruptions.Note, however, that the different types of violations of thyroid symptoms in women can vary considerably.
The disease manifests itself as thyroid hyperfunction, in which she synthesizes abnormally high amount of hormones.Violation has a number of external signs and a very negative impact on overall health.Depending on what stage of development is a hyperactive thyroid symptoms in women may have different severity.The most striking manifestations of the disease are as follows:
- excessive sweating;
- thyroid enlargement, marked externally;
- anxiety, irritability, forgetfulness;
- uncontrolled trembling fingers;
- weight loss independent of appetite;
- chronic fatigue;
- recurrent abdominal pain, bowel disorders;
- menstrual irregularities.
thyroid This disorder called hypothyroidism, and is characterized by long-term shortage of hormones secreted by the thyroid gland.It is widespread, but it is detected late.The first signs of thyroid disorders in women with reduced hormone levels often associated with pregnancy or confused with ordinary fatigue and symptoms of other diseases.Physicians are the following symptoms of hypothyroidism:
- lethargy, drowsiness, fatigue, memory impairment;
- swelling of limbs and facial puffiness;
- weight gain during normal or reduced appetite;
- dry skin, brittle nails, hair loss;
- feeling of chilliness, acute reaction to the cold;
- hoarse voice;
- hearing impairment;
- intestinal disorders (constipation, nausea, vomiting).
thyroid malignant tumor in most cases are asymptomatic.The first outward signs of the appearance of enlarged lymph nodes or nodules on the neck appear longer in the later stages of the disease, but thyroid nodules in women do not always have a malignant character.The frequency of these cases is less than 5%.
hormonopoietic thyroid function is disrupted in cancer is rare, but in patients with particularly large or to have clear boundaries of tumor formation can be observed signs of hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism.The most recent clinical symptoms of thyroid cancer in women manifest themselves in the form of coarser or hoarseness and pain in the front of the neck.
Inflammation of the thyroid gland
In medicine, the disease is called thyroiditis.In this disease, thyroid becomes dense to the touch, and on palpation the doctor diagnose a specific nodularity.In severe forms of disease in patients observed respiratory failure, feeling of difficulty in swallowing, pain in the front of the neck, with a moderate severity.When inflammation of the thyroid gland increases do not always: sometimes its dimensions remain normal or even slightly decrease.
Drugs for treatment of thyroid cancer in women
choosing what and how to treat the thyroid gland in women, a doctor based on the results of complex diagnostics, necessarily including laboratory tests.When inflammation of the thyroid gland hypofunction and used synthetic thyroid hormones (drugs based on thyroidin, thyroxine) or means of natural hormones extracted from the bodies of cattle.When thyroid hyperfunction tireostatiki used, reducing the synthesis of thyroid-stimulating hormone (medicine based on tiamazol).
In addition to these drugs in therapy may be administered preparations of iodine and selenium, fortifying food supplements and multivitamins.Thyroid cancer is treated only by surgery and radioiodine, and after the successful application of these methods, the patient is prescribed gormonosoderzhaschie lowering drugs TSH hormone.
Video: symptoms of thyroid problems in women
Knowledge about the first signs of thyroid disease and how they can affect the well-being and overall health, help to quickly identify the pathology.Do not allow the development of hard-to-treatment or incurable complications.On the external signs of endocrine diseases is easy to learn with the help of the relevant photo, and understand the reasons, less noticeable symptoms or blurred help materials located below.Watch the video: experts list all possible manifestations resulting from the malfunction of the thyroid gland.