The family Rubiaceae has an unusual flower - Gardenia jasminoides.Delicate delicate aroma, reminiscent of the smell of jasmine, white flowers and unusual dark green glossy leaves attract the attention with the first minutes of meeting him.Homeland gardenia considered China, India, South Africa, the territory where the bushy plant in the open field can reach 2 m in height.Amateur heat, sun and moisture, this flower in our environment can only survive by being in a greenhouse or a residential area.You have chosen to decorate the apartment gardenia?These recommendations will be useful.
How to Care for Gardenia jasminoides
This flower has a capricious nature.If you are not afraid of difficulties associated with painstaking care, compliance with temperature control, pest control, proper watering, then the fragrant zhasminovidnaya gardenia blooms thank you, lasting several months.Aromas of soft wave envelop the room, where there is a beautiful gardenia.
Planting and transplanting plants
acquiring a young plant, not in a hurry to carry out the transplant gardenia in the new pot.Flower has to get used to the environment of the room.Knowing how to transplant the Gardenia jasminoides, you help it to adapt more quickly.After 2-3 weeks after the purchase of the plant to move a clod of earth, roots entwined in the new pot larger capacity, taking care not to damage the root system.
transplant after purchase is made, topping the root ball gardenia along with the land in the new pot.Then dosypte land space suitable for this type of plants.Transplanted adult flowers should spring every 3-4 years, depending on the rate of growth of the plant.If the root system of young gardenia develops well and quickly, it is transplanted every year.
ground for Gardenia jasminoides Gardenia
likes acidic soil, only if it is able to fully grow and give abundant flowering.In specialty stores for the lovers of flora soil mixes sold for kislolyubivyh plants.Irrigation water gradually washes away the acid from the soil, so you need to feed periodically gardenia and acidify.Primer for Gardenia jasminoides must be able to retain moisture, but to be loose, and therefore, the presence of sand and perlite it compulsory.
How to fertilize and cut flower
organic matter during decomposition have properties to reduce the pH of the earth, so take advantage of the natural oxidants: compost from oak leaves, manure.Well, if you add a little peat moss (bog moss forming peat).These components not only acidify soil and fertilizer will gardenia.If there is currently no compost or manure, acidification may be a liquid: 1 liter of water, add a few grains of citric acid.
organic and mineral complex fertilizers for Gardenia jasminoides in a liquid state is always possible to buy in the store colors.Conduct dressing better not earlier than 1-2 months after planting or transplanting, in accordance with the instructions on the preparation.Continuous monitoring of soil acidification timely provide abundant flowering gardenias.
Pruning the plants is carried out only after the end of flowering.Remove weak processes and remove unnecessary if gardenia grown rapidly.Giving the correct form of a compact flower, you will help him not only look attractive, it will have more energy for a new flowering period, because they are not squandered on the leaves and young stems.Decorative pruning is carried out once a year.
How to water the plant
Watering whimsical flower is carried through the top layer of soil with a soft boiled water at room temperature.In the warm months from April to September, the soil should be kept in a damp, but not wet condition.Regular moderate watering will ensure uniform wetting of the earth, and salt, are in it will be absorbed by plant roots.In winter, watering should be reduced, but not to give the soil dry out completely.
every 3-5 watering is recommended to acidify the water, adding to 1 liter of fluid 1-3 drops of lemon juice.This will result in better absorption of nutrients that are in the soil.Gardenia loves moist air.If you put a pot with a flower in a pan with a wet expanded clay, while isolating the drain hole, she will thank you with bright healthy leaves and beautiful flowers.Gardenia loves a warm shower, but it's important to make sure that water does not leak to the flowers, they can cover this from ugly spots.
temperature for growing
Gardenia loves the sunshine, but the heat transfers are not very well.For the optimal development of the plants and lush flowering required temperature range from +21 C to +24 C. For winter period, create the conditions for the flower with the temperature regime of about 16 C, but a bright fluorescent light, for at least 12 hours a day.At higher temperatures will produce a large number of young shoots that have a negative impact on the quality of flowering.
A few years later, the adult plant reduces the profusion of flowering.This is easily remedied by renewing gardenia and grow a new young flower.Immediately after flowering should be cut ripe stalks of about 10 cm, which is in the stage of intensive growth.It is better if the process is a "promenade" (a piece of old wood).From above it is desirable to cover the glass jar or plastic bag to instill a new flower.
Breeding gardenia cuttings better using biostimulators Kornevin, Geteroauksin, so the formation of the roots will begin much more quickly.Some fans are trying to reproduce colors Gardenia jasminoides from seeds that are sold in specialty stores.This activity is time-consuming and more laborious than the propagation by cuttings.But those who are not afraid of difficulties, and can try this method.
How to identify disease flower on its external
mind Improper care of the flower is sometimes observed subsidence unopened buds, the appearance of stains on them.The leaves can also zoom you about the unhealthy state of the plant.By changing the color of the leaves with a bright green to yellow or even black, flower makes it clear that he is sick or has received incompetent care.Having considered more causes of disease, you should try to avoid them, and then your Gardenia jasminoides can bloom profusely, having a healthy looking leaves.
blacken and fall leaves
Brown spots on leaves observed in the flowers that have violated the root system by excessive watering."Not breathing" a ground unable to remove excess moisture and root rot has occurred.What is being done in such cases?It is necessary to carefully remove the root ball, remove the rotten roots and transplanted to a new well-drained soil.Until full recovery flower water it fungicidal drug "Maxim".
yellow leaves gardenia
Yellowed leaves of Gardenia jasminoides signal of lack of nitrogen nutrition, including iron.When watering hard water quickly washed calcium salt, acidity of the soil is disturbed, leaves become pale and fade.Eliminate the cause of the yellowing leaves is not difficult.Intensive care liquid preparations containing iron (Bona Forte Fertikalyuks), will help to restore the plant.In the future, adhere to proper irrigation, irrigated flower with a soft boiled water at room temperature not to ask yourself why leaves turn yellow.
Fall down tight buds
happens sometimes, that is not blooming gardenia, or already formed buds, ready to open, suddenly begin to fall off in large quantities.The reason for this state are:
- Excessive watering and water stagnation in the soil.
- Lack of irrigation, severe soil drying.
- stressful situations for plants, when abruptly changing the lighting or temperature control.
- disadvantage lighting.
Video: how to multiply and grow out of gardenia cuttings
Gardenia jasminoides is quite possible to revive and grow up in the home of a young flower.Learn more about the process of plant propagation and cultivation of new cutting you can see in the video below.Gardenia jasminoides care at home - this is the main theme of the video.After watching the story you will not need to seek additional information on the cultivation of this plant.
Photo Gardenia jasminoides
Despite the fact that the Gardenia jasminoides requires a lot of attention and is very capricious, and should make an attempt to do it in cultivation.Looking at the beautiful white flowers with a wonderful fragrance, which bloom one after another brilliant glossy leaves juicy color, there is a natural desire to have a flower at home.Observing all recommendations for care, you can indulge in a beautiful plant.Pre-landed into a separate pot process, which will have time to bloom, you make a wonderful gift in the form of a "bouquet in a flowerpot" to their loved ones.