Hellebore planting and care

owners of private houses dream plant in the garden plants that bloom all year round, unpretentious care, resistant to pests.It looks like a fairy tale?But this plant is, it has a beautiful flowering buds bright and happy gardeners in cold season - a hellebore.Otherwise, it is called Zimovniki.It is not fastidious when planting and care.Zimovniki belongs to the genus of perennial herbaceous plants of the buttercup family.

Common types of hellebore with photos

With Zimovniki involves a lot of legends and stories.Thus, according to one of them, its flowers were found near the Magi barn, where Jesus Christ was born.According to another legend, Alexander the Great died of poisoning Zimovniki.It is believed that flower is able to summon demons.Hippocrates used the plant as a cleaning agent.In ancient times, flowers were used to treat insanity and paralysis.

Modern research has revealed that hellebore contain such toxic substances as a Veratrine, teratogen, cyclopamine, iervin.When injected into the hum

an body, they cause dizziness, thirst, feeling of suffocation, swelling, vomiting.Be careful when growing this plant in the garden, keep small children or pets should not eat the plant.When the first symptoms poisoning Zimovniki consult a doctor.

The plant grows up to 50 cm in height, has a well-developed root system.Decorative flowers and leaves of hellebore, located close to the ground, forming beautiful outlet.High stem plants crowned beautiful inflorescences, which have almost all varieties of the same pale green color scheme.Inside the flowers are different bright colors - red, pink, brown and black.Common types zimovnika:

  • east;
  • black;
  • Hybrid;
  • Caucasian;
  • blushing;
  • smelly.

Hellebore black

Homeland of the flower - Central and Southern Europe.In nature winterer black grows mainly in mountain forests.The flower grows up to 30 cm, has a dense foliage of dark green color.On the territory of the Russian Black hellebore begins to bloom in early April.After flowering, the plant leaves fall, and in its place grows a new right.Winter flower can withstand temperatures down to -35 ° C.Large black zimovnika inflorescences are white to pale pink.

Hellebore Caucasian

This flower grows in oak, beech, pine forests of Georgia and Krasnodar Territory.Zimovniki Caucasian grows up to 40 cm. The root of the short dark-brown, leathery leaves have a dark green color.Inflorescence - green color scheme with white or brown shading.Flowering period - the end of winter, early spring.The first flowers of hellebore Caucasian appear from under the snow.

Hellebore eastern

Birthplace of winter hardiness - Turkey, Greece and the Caucasus.Height zimovnika eastern reaches 30 cm. In winter, the plant can withstand temperatures down to -29 ° C.The first flowers appear in mid-March - April.The inflorescences of white, cream, pink or purple color scheme.There are varieties of oriental hellebore flowers with specks inside.The most beautiful are considered to be the eastern Montsegur, Ellen purple hybrid Ballard.

Christmas rose

this perennial homeland - the mountains of the Caucasus and the Balkans.Experienced gardeners know how to look hellebore called "Christmas rose."Description of this flower is found in the ancient treatises.The plant grows up to 30 cm, has a dense saturated green leaves.Inflorescences Christmas roses are white or reddish.Flowering period - the middle of winter, for which winterer got its poetic name.

plant breeding methods

zimovnika varieties are widely used in landscape design.Flowers look great on mixborders, rock gardens, rockeries, forming a bright accent in the garden.In winter, hellebore happy gardeners unfading green.The plant is propagated by seeds, division bush adult.As this hardy perennial, its cultivation is possible only in the open field.At home winterer stops flowering.


seeds for cultivation zimovnika take a fresh plant material.When buying pay attention to the period of seed collecting, after 6 months, they lose their germination.Planting material colors vyseyte into prepared containers with loose, moist soil to a depth of 1-2 cm. When the seedlings appear first leaves, transplant them to a dark place.On a constant move got stronger plant in 2-3 years.Transplant spend in mid-September.The first flowering zimovnika, sown seeds, will start at 3-4 years.

dividing the bush

Since hellebore does not tolerate transplanting and growing long, use a vegetative plant propagation method recommended in rare cases.To divide the bush choose an adult older than 3 years of flower.Seating plants is carried out after the flowering period.Rassazhivaya zimovnika bush, leave a gap between the plants about 40 cm. The soil should be loose, moistened with good drainage.

hellebore multiply by dividing the bush, be careful, because this plant is poisonous.A drop of juice causes the skin irritation or burns.Therefore, by dividing the bush zimovnika wear gardening gloves, avoid direct contact with plants uncovered skin.After contact with the flower juice on the body, wash the place with running water, seek medical attention.

conditions for the cultivation of flower hellebore

In nature frost this perennial grows in dark places, with a good airing of the soil and moderate humidity.For the successful cultivation of a hellebore on the plot, create the conditions for the plants as close to natural.For planting zimovnika choose places protected from direct sunlight, with loose soil.Flowers grow great in the shade of fruit trees and conifers.

Hellebore feels good in the culture, not acidic soil.If you land on your site with high acidity, the proizvestkuyte it.To do this, use hydrated lime, chalk or dolomite flour.Withering flowers on zimovnika moisture stagnation.Be sure to take care of the presence of drainage, regular backwash soil around the flowers.

How to put

hellebore In the spring of correct agricultural diseases, pests are not terrible Zimovniki.Spring - the best time to plant a plant vegetatively and seedlings.During the multiplication of seeds, the containers with seedlings are left until the next spring in the garden.Major setbacks gardeners when grown hellebore associated with the acquisition of low-quality planting material and frequent transfers of plants.

How to care for hellebore in the open field

Frost refers to the low-maintenance plants, but he does not like to be disturbed.It is best to grow it in the open field.So choose a place so that the plant does not have to be transplanted.Note that winterer capable of self-seeding.For the successful cultivation of the plants regularly, mulch, fertilize it and loosen the soil around the flower.For the dressing, use once every 3 months.or bone meal ash.At the end of the flowering period winterer mulch.To do this, use a garden compost, leaf mold.

During drought watering hellebore to prevent drying out of the soil.From an aesthetic point of view conveniently look the plants planted in groups.Given the diversity of colors, landscape designers make up the whole composition, which harmoniously blend tulips, crocuses, hyacinths and chrysanthemum.Good looks combined with flower primrose, peony and Volzhanka.

At low subzero temperatures between -35 C and more, at the hellebore leaves are damaged.If you notice that this happens, remove the frosted leaves.Do not worry, damage zimovnika foliage does not affect the further development of the plant and its flowering.The rhizome remains healthy and strong, and new flowers zimovnika you will enjoy the same year.

If there are stains, spend spraying special preparations on the hellebore leaves.Use antifungal agent "oksihom" or "Topaz."When excessive acidity of the soil, black spots appear on the leaves zimovnika.For the treatment of flower type in the lime soil and remove damaged leaves.If the plant is non-infectious diseases are striking, it indicates either an increased level of acidity of the soil, or excessive amounts of moisture, or the wrong diet hellebore.