This is a perennial plant root belongs to the family myrsinaceae and distributed in Iran and African countries.Flower has other names - or alpine violet dryakva.When buying many do not know how to care at home for the cyclamen and caring for it has some peculiarities.Alpine violet loves good lighting and moist air.This beautiful flower room with red flowers are increasingly appearing on the shelves of greenhouses because it blooms in winter, creating a pleasant and joyful atmosphere with their bright petals.
Many novice gardeners question arises - how to care at home for cyclamen flowers?It is believed that this plant is finicky and demanding, and take care of it is very difficult - in an apartment mountain plant blooms bad, ill incurable diseases.In fact the opposite is true - cyclamen in the home is unpretentious, and the problems associated with it, often occur because of ignorance florist as watering, grow, reproduce and protect the flowers from pests.
Alpine violet has more tha
During this period, the plant required a bright living room and moderate watering.Flower prefers cool (12 - 15 degrees Celsius), so have cyclamen in a pot close to the batteries or bulbs florists are not advised.Alpine violet loves bright, diffused light, but not sunny - the leaves may be due to burning, and they will start to turn yellow.Clean air and optimum humidity (50%) to help keep the plant blooming and healthy and avoid diseases.
Cyclamen Watering should be moderate and regular, with water at room temperature.In carrying out this procedure, it is advisable not spray the leaves and tubers, as excessive moisture leads to rotting plants.The best option - carefully pour the water into the edge of the pot.Cyclamen European or Persian during the flowering need to fertilize once in two-three weeks.Fertilizing should not contain much nitrogen as it leads to an increase in leaf instead buds and flowers.
per cycle of active growth and blooming (3-4 months) should be a period of rest.At this stage the cyclamen "resets" the flowers and leaves that begin to turn yellow, and two months later die.Throughout this period it is necessary to gradually reduce watering to a minimum - excessive moisture leads to rotting of the tuber.In the period of rest Alpine violet is moved to a cool place with low light.
As transplanted cyclamen
Toward the end of summer alpine violet desirable transplanted into fresh soil.This procedure has its own characteristics.Before transplanting cyclamen necessary to prepare the soil which comprises: two parts peat, turf land and the sheet, one part of sand.Repot in pots must be careful not to damage the roots.Earth is desirable to treat potassium permanganate solution and steamed as it houseplant easily affected by different pests.Tuber not fully dig - at the bottom of the roots of cyclamen - they need room to grow.
This procedure is actually carried out on their own at home, but that it has gone well, you should know how multiplies cyclamen.There are two ways - by seed or vegetatively (division of the tuber).Alpine violet is very sensitive to all sorts of interventions, so both the breeding process should be carried out carefully.Beginners florist florists advised to buy cyclamen mini mix and experiment.This set includes a plant with two or three tubers that will produce several breeding operations.
vegetatively dividing traumatic for the plant, so the indoor environment is rarely used.Root crop cyclamen makes processes - you have to cut the mother tuber that threatens to rot the whole flower.This procedure takes old plants whose age is several years.To fission process was successful, you need to carry out a number of operations:
- Wait until completely wither away leaves of the plant.
- Carefully remove the tubers from the pot and free from soil.
- Ripple tuber clean knife down the middle from top to bottom so that each piece had roots.
- Deal fungicides (antifungal chemicals) and let dry.
- planted in different pots.
Growing cyclamen from
seeds How to grow a plant from seed?Very simple.This method of reproduction alpine violets more common and not so complex as vegetative.For seeds cyclamen homes need to pollinate the plant artificially.To do this you will need a soft brush, which gently applied the pollen from one flower to another.After some time, the seeds are born.Their cyclamen hiding in a small box under the leaves close to the ground.Take the fruits preferably before the moment when they reach the ground - maturation occurs before flowering alpine violets.
Sowing seeds cyclamen best at the onset of spring, pre-wetting of the drug, accelerating the growth of flowers (such as "Appin").Put fruit in a sterile fresh ground, to avoid rot.The first shoots appear 30-40 days after sowing, when suitable for germination and flowering conditions: temperature 18-20 degrees above zero, the dark space and moist soil.
Alpine violet - delicate flower home, so it is subject to various diseases.Caring for plants presupposes that human skills and knowledge on how to revive the cyclamen, when he began to fade, or what to do if the leaves began to turn yellow.Rot, aphids and mites - one of the main enemies of the alpine violets.There are a number of symptoms, which distinguish this or that disease cyclamen.
If this happens - the plant is not enough light, clean air or the hot.If yellowing of leaves, should be moved into flower brighter room, but not in direct sunlight.It is better to give cyclamens "breathe" fresh air, placing him on a windowsill at the open window.Another cause of the yellowing leaves may be a lack of watering the plants - should moisten the soil, but do not overdo it at the same time.Due to the overabundance of water alpine violets begin to rot.
During flower damage by pests or the environment have cyclamen leaves may curl.This negative effect can be caused by several reasons:
- presence of pests (mites, aphids, thrips).
- Home flowers overwhelmed by bacteria or fungus.
- soil infestation or waterlogging.
- high air temperature in the room.
To get rid of pests, fungi and bacteria, it is necessary to conduct a series of procedures.See parasites is only possible through a microscope, so it is very difficult to detect the disease at an early stage.In connection with this plant requires prevention, which consists in treating it with pesticides.If you have already become visible damage by pests tips, the best solution is to remove the twisted leaves, cyclamen transplanted into fresh soil with the addition of insecticidal agents for control of mites or aphids ( "Topaz", "Fitosparin", etc.).
Why not flowers
Slowing growth and flowering cyclamen may be due to different reasons.One of the main - Fusarium.This disease causes tissue damage alpine violets.When plants fusarium vessels filled with toxic substances.This leads to the fact that stops cyclamen flower and leaf yellowing.The initial lesion is difficult to determine at a glance, because the cause of the disease is in the soil or seeds.Fight Fusarium preferably with fungicides (eg, "Agat-25K"), which are detrimental to the source of the disease.
Video: Cyclamen transplant at home
When to repot indoor cyclamen?Should I do it immediately after purchase or wait for the beginning of a new flowering cycle?How to look after the purchase?What needs soil and what it is?How to care in the home for cyclamen flowers and what threatens the wrong process of transplantation?What if the plant does not take root in new soil?You want to know all about cyclamen?On these and other questions you will find answers by looking detailed video instructions: