first cases of infection of Lyme disease, also known as tick-borne Lyme disease system, have been reported in 1975 in the small town of Lyme (USA, Connecticut).The first victims were diagnosed with "juvenile rheumatoid arthritis", but later it was discovered that infection of the infected viscera are not met previously.Since then, scientists scrutinize Lyme disease and develop methods to treat it.Nevertheless, each year in the entire northern hemisphere Lyme disease infects about 3 500 people.
What is a tick-borne Lyme
Lyme borreliosis is transferred ticks (Ixodes damini).Infection occurs when the bite when pathogens together with the saliva of the parasite penetrate the human skin.The first manifestation of Lyme disease - redness of the skin.They appear in the field of tick bites.Borreliosis infection that has penetrated the body, can long on does not claim, but eventually begin to appear transmissible processes affecting vital organs.In the absence of medical care and treatment in hospital are p
Symptoms of Lyme disease
Symptomatic Diagnosis of Lyme borreliosis does not ensure 100% reliability.Nevertheless, wary presence of numerous internal / external signs, the patient may be time to seek help from doctors and thus avoid dire consequences.Disease Lyme borreliosis asserts itself through a variety of overt symptoms, among which are the following:
- perceptible reddening of the skin at the site of the tick bite after penetration borreliosis infection in humans.Spot takes a rounded shape and is gradually increasing.Its diameter can reach 60 cm. After 7-10 days after infection on the center of the spot is formed a crust, and then in its place there is a scar.After 15-20 days, the redness disappears.This means that the incubation period of the disease is over.
- flu symptoms appear and develop signs of CNS (central nervous system) After 35-45 days after penetration borreliosis infection in the organism.The person feels fatigue, fatigue and muscle pain unbearable.Progressive Lyme disease aggravates the condition migraines, pain in the throat and fever.
- Another one and a half to two weeks to the general psychiatric symptoms added changes - dementia, depression, etc.
- Violations of the heart...borreliosis infection slowly affects the heart, which is why there is an arrhythmia, increased heart rate, bradycardia, pain in the chest, constant dizziness.
first three months after the virus enters the human organism Borrelia disease is acute.During this period, the body is actively fighting the infection borreliosis.If there is no proper treatment, Lyme disease becomes chronic.Infectious processes are distributed throughout the body, which is why the treatment becomes more difficult.
borreliosis Despite all his cunning, Ixodes tick-borne Lyme for the surrounding people are not dangerous.Scientific studies have shown that Lyme disease is not transmitted from person to person under any circumstances.The only carrier of the infectious agent - a tick Borrelia.This parasite lives in Australia, North America, Japan, China, the Baltics, Russia and some European countries.Natural foci are usually found in the forest landscape temperate climatic zones.
classic way of laboratory diagnosis of Lyme disease - is a blood test for Lyme disease.It was developed soon after the detection of borreliosis infection.The standard method of diagnosis is an antibody test.It provides a reliable result, but the very process of research takes a lot of time.In addition, armed with the medicine has a more modern approach, allowing to identify the disease much faster.
treatment of borreliosis
main treatment of tick-borne borreliosis is the use of potent antibiotics.Features of drug therapy are determined depending on the current stage of Lyme disease.Focal infection borreliosis retreating under the influence of tetracycline.Adults prescribed dosage of 1-1.5 grams per day.As for redness in the bite, it should not be treated.Cutaneous manifestations only indicate that the bite of the parasite in the body penetrated Borrelia.
borreliosis in children treated with similar drugs.The corresponding weight of the baby early is assigned amoksilitsin in dosage.However, doctors strongly recommend hospitalization because after successful treatment of Lyme disease may spontaneously return, but in the third stage.If that happens, antibiotics are useless.
In the third stage the disease is exacerbated Lima joint disease and cardiac dysfunction.Sometimes it manifests serous meningitis syndrome.In such cases, doctors prescribe penicillin, cefotaxime or ceftriaxone.These drugs are administered by injection in a dosage of 100 mg per kilogram of patient weight.In some patients, penicillin can cause allergies, so it is replaced sumamed.
Prevention Get vaccinated at the clinic, and you never have to think about how to treat Lyme disease.Simple preventive measures against infection carried by ticks bream, protect your body from infection with Lyme borreliosis.For those regions of our country, where there is often fixed spread foci tick spirochetes, it is especially important.No other way to prevent infection of this dangerous infection by the bite of the tick does not exist.
Video of the consequences of Lyme disease
Watch this video you will learn in more detail about what is Lyme disease, and be able to properly respond to the first symptoms, if they happen to encounter.In addition, the record contains information about the possible consequences of progressive visual borreliosis with photo illustrations.Read this information to understand what is inaction of people infected with Lyme spirochetes, and never to repeat these mistakes.