Neuritis of the optic nerve

look at the world with wide-open eyes and fully enjoy all its vivid colors is important.To do this, a child seen by an ophthalmologist, and to protect their eyes.One of the most common of eye inflammation is optic neuritis.The disease begins with the fact that the patient is first a little sore eyeball.Ignore the first alarm bells and do not treat the disease starts easily.Then she risks grow into a serious defeat of the optic nerve and deliver a lot of unpleasant hassle.

Symptoms of optic nerve inflammation

Symptoms of the inflammatory process depends entirely on the degree of inflammation in the eye socket.Among pronounced symptoms of the disease are the following:

  1. sharp deterioration of vision.
  2. Pain in the eyes.
  3. partial atrophy of the nerve endings and the temporary appearance of the blind spot.
  4. swelling of the optic nerve.
  5. sharp deterioration of color.
  6. Headache.
  7. Limitation of sight.
  8. Blurred vision in one eye.
  9. emergence of multiple hemorrhages on the retina.
  10. Nausea.
  11. Photophobia and discomfort in bright sunlight.

Possible causes of neuritis:

  • autoimmune disease;
  • neuromyelitis;
  • tuberculosis;
  • brucellosis;
  • hepatitis B;
  • diabetes;
  • toxic heavy metal poisoning;
  • syphilis;
  • meningitis;
  • sinusitis;
  • optic neuropathy;
  • alcohol or drug intoxication;
  • traumatic brain injury;
  • infectious respiratory diseases;
  • pathology during pregnancy.

Diagnostics neuritis

In ordinary cases of this disease diagnosis of optic neuritis patients does not constitute a serious difficulty.Difficulties may arise if the patient holds a partial or complete papilledema.The specific structure of the optic nerve is easily points to defeat.A few small foci of hemorrhage and damage to the disc tissue immediately confirm the diagnosis of neuritis.

slightest, barely visible damage to the retina of the eye clearly differentiated on the unit fluorescein angiography fundus.Sometimes, to avoid a patient diagnosed with multiple sclerosis, doctors require additional medical research.It:

  • diagnosis of intracranial pressure;
  • mri of the brain;
  • chemical analysis of the blood.


Diseases of the optic nerve can not be ignored: congestive form of the disease in 50% of cases leads to multiple sclerosis.With rapid response to the disease is treatable first unpleasant symptoms.It is possible to cure almost completely.Do not experiment with the treatment of folk remedies - modern medicine is more efficient in health.In the case of infectious neuritis treatment is with antibiotics.If, however, revealed another reason, the doctor prescribes a corticosteroid agent, immunoglobulins or plasmapheresis.

Video: symptoms of retrobulbar optic neuritis

reviewing the video below, you will know why we can not delay treatment of optic neuritis.Ask how it can affect your future life and how to begin multiple sclerosis.Learn what to do in order to recognize at an early age is an insidious disease, the measures taken for its speedy and efficient neutralization.All this you will learn from the video.Do not pull the treatment of optic nerve and a visit to the neurology!