Infectious diseases are very common.People have to deal with them.One of these diseases - infectious mononucleosis.A fifth of the population are carriers of DNA containing the herpes virus that causes disease.Many suffer from a mild form of mononucleosis, which is difficult to diagnose.The incubation period can last from several days to two months.After this illness in the body develop antibodies.Learn how to recognize mononucleosis in adults and in children, than to treat and what precautions should I take?
What causes infectious mononucleosis
causative virus of mononucleosis is the Epstein-Barr virus, named after the scientists who discovered it.In the environment, the virus quickly dies, it only exists in the human body.The transfer of this infectious disease can be airborne only through close contact with an infected person or infected with HIV.Do doctors have the name of the disease mononucleosis - "kissing disease".With particles passing through saliva Utensils, infectious agent continues it
symptoms and signs of disease
disease mononucleosis registered year-round, but especially marked increase in the number of cases in the spring-autumn.During this period, reduced immunity, the body is weakened, mononucleosis symptoms appear brighter.How they define a child and an adult?Are they different?Learn about the first sign of an infectious disease, which manifest themselves in 5-8 days post infection, to prevent complications of the disease.
Signs of the disease in children:
- lethargy, turning into weakness, drowsiness;
- gradual increase in body temperature to 39 C or higher;
- body aches;
- swollen lymph nodes in the neck, sometimes in the groin;
- sore throat, like a sore throat, with white bloom, enlargement of the tonsils;
- runny nose, shortness of breath;
- swelling of the face;
- strong back of the throat swelling, are covered with slime;
- minor skin rashes;
- in the acute stage of the disease - enlargement of the liver and spleen.
Signs of disease in adults:
- general decline in activity, performance, increasing weakness;
- chills, high fever, sometimes reaching up to the C 40, the steering a week or more;
- swollen lymph nodes throughout the body, particularly in the cervical region;
- transient rash on the skin all over the body;
- severe swelling of the mouth and throat, difficulty breathing;
- sore throat, as in purulent tonsillitis, with a white coating;
- nasal congestion;
- puffy face, swollen eyelids;
- strong enlargement of the spleen and liver, which is accompanied by a yellowing of the skin.
The first doctor on suspicion of an infectious disease that causes Epstein-Barr virus, the patient is sent to the hospital laboratory for blood delivery immunofluorescence analysis.If atypical mononuclear cells in the blood are found - at the patient confirmed the diagnosis of mononucleosis disease.When the disease is changing blood indicators.There is an increase of lymphocytes and monocytes.
For completeness appointed modern ultrasound of the liver and spleen.The increase in the size of their higher than normal, increased echogenicity indicates correct diagnosis.A careful, detailed study and interpretation of blood tests will not be confused cytomegalovirus and Epstein-Barr virus, which have very similar outward symptoms.
Treatment of infectious mononucleosis
conduct such treatment of serious infectious diseases, such as mononucleosis, should only be a qualified doctor.Chronic mononucleosis in adults is treated in the same way as children.In keeping with the recommendations of the doctor, the patient should strictly follow the doctor's appointment, so as not to provoke a state of deterioration.General advice in the acute phase of the disease mononucleosis, medication and advice aimed at increasing immunity:
- excessive drinking;
- salt-free diet №5, excluding spicy, fatty, fried;
- gargling with warm herbal infusions, antiseptic;
- antivirals for severe complications - "Acyclovir", "Intron A," "Interferon";
- antipyretic drugs: "Ibuprofen", "Paracetamol";
- vitamins B, C, P, both supporting the immune system;
- antibiotics is not desirable, only in case of extreme necessity, a certain group can cause anaphylactic shock and death.
Possible complications and consequences
Against the background information on the virus mononucleosis should say a few words about women planning pregnancy.To protect themselves and their future offspring, necessarily have to go through a full range of laboratory tests in the clinic or antenatal clinic.In the case where the expectant mother is sick with viral mononucleosis, pregnancy can be interrupted at any time with complications for the whole organism.
If terms will be able to bear a child, in most cases, children are born with disabilities, both physical and mental.With infectious diseases the expectant mother or family members must be at least a year, to increase the chance of healthy offspring.Mononucleosis in pregnancy can have very serious and irreparable consequences.
When the disease becomes serious stage, the patient may be hospitalized.Young child as best treated in the territory of the hospital, under the supervision of doctors around the clock.Lymph nodes after mononucleosis may be increased until a few weeks after recovery.For six months, a minimum of three times to take control common blood and biochemistry, to avoid possible complications in the liver.
case of incorrect treatment of the spleen is increased to larger-infiltrating macrophages.Tissue rupture may occur, leading to death.Weak immune system during infection can cause infection of secondary infection.In the present form of the disease complications: pneumonia, otitis, tonsillitis, sinusitis, throat abscess.mononucleosis syndrome in a weakened body attracts other infections.Violation of the liver, anemia occurs, but is rare.
For a disease like mononucleosis, which many are ill, and some more than once, the strict framework of prevention does not exist.Restorative measures such as adherence, personal hygiene, proper rest, proper nutrition, will help to move the viral disease is easier, even if there is infection.Particular attention should be given to young children and women, in addition to the family stage.
Video: What is infectious mononucleosis (Dr. Komarovsky)
widespread viral disease mononucleosis is transmitted only through close contact, which is a well-known doctor and told Komorowski presented on the video below.Roller will give a lot of information about whether it is possible to use antibiotics to treat, what drugs is preferred, the first symptoms of the disease, which areas of the body most susceptible to negative changes.
For viewing video you will learn interesting facts about the history of the disease.People Dr. Komarovsky respond to questions about whether it is possible recurrent disease mononucleosis, who often suffers them and whether there is an opportunity to protect themselves from the virus.Current information on the consequences of the disease, mode, visiting seaside resorts will be very useful for all ages.
Photo rash in infectious mononucleosis
incorrectly prescribed treatment in viral mononucleosis when it comes to antibiotics ampicillin group, can lead to rashes on the skin.The instructions for use of the drug can be found in the section of contra - mononucleosis.If the body is unable to fight, the rash will be insignificant and will be held in a few days.A more severe form of large eruptions sometimes lasts up to three months, covering the entire body, not excluding the hair surface.
culprit of this painful, itchy condition, shown in the photo is the mononucleosis virus.Reaction to body heat, changes in the immune system of the whole organism, a reaction yield rash.When mononucleosis sick child, you need to make sure that it does not appear scratched redness, as there is the possibility of getting another infection through wounds that will only aggravate the condition of the disease.