breastfeeding Science takes into account both the frequency and the number of feedings and mothers diet.Keep in mind what products will benefit, and which are harmful.Learn what you can eat breastfeeding mom, what dishes recommended excluded from the diet for a period of feeding.Find out what is said in this regard modern pediatricians - so you will get into the principles of safe food nursing mothers.
Basic principles of nursing mothers nutrition
What can I eat while breastfeeding - Discussion of Pediatrics problem.Some doctors argue that the number of products should not be greatly limit, while others believe that a woman should observe a certain diet.Opinions pediatricians agree on one thing: the period of feeding mums need to follow certain principles in your diet:
- calorie principle.Nursing mother can not follow a diet to lose weight.Calorie daily set of products should exceed the conventional about 600 kcal, and the main energy load - to account for the slow carbohydrates.
- principle of divisibility.It is desirable that the power feeding mothers breastfeeding in line with the rule "less but more often."Doctors recommend to reduce the amount of servings, increasing their number in the day.Traditional three-time meal should be changed to a five-, six-time nutrition.
- diet compliance.Dinner is desirable for hours, correlating with the frequency mode of feeding the baby.It is recommended to make a small snack just before feeding, and have thoroughly - in a quiet environment where the child sleeps.
- diversity principle.It is strictly forbidden to nursing mothers to "sit" on a mono-diet, even in a very short period of time.This will lead to an imbalance of essential substances in the composition of breast milk.
- recommended enhanced drinking regime.
What products can be included in the diet during breastfeeding
firm rule - quality products!No canned food, synthetic flavorings and only "first freshness".All products should be bought only in the audited areas.It is important to eat seasonal fruits and vegetables grown in his native region.With regard to diversity, the nursing mother allowed any foods that do not cause allergies crumbs.
Precautions should make fresh fruit and vegetable purchases, be sure to thoroughly wash products, and some leave on half an hour in the water.It should be remembered that many of the products are capable of changing the taste of milk.It's easy to lead to the abandonment of the baby's chest, if the new taste sensations he did not like.Change the taste of breast milk are capable of many products, such as:
- herbs (mint, parsley, basil, celery).
Vegetables and fruits
These products are sure to be included in a set of dishes lactating mothers, because there is no substitute their constituent vitamins and fiber.They warn mummies like constipation and in infants, babies increases immunity and some increase lactation.Breastfeeding women should only be mindful of those products that are able to harm the baby, and the safest to introduce into the diet gradually.Here is a sample list of fruit and vegetable, safe minimum, it is determined that you can eat a nursing mother:
- carrot and beet;
- pumpkin and zucchini;
Also important color of the products, which includes in its menu a nursing mother.For example, green vegetables, salad should be eaten fresh, and "color" be sure to boil, stew or steamed.Enter in the diet of plant foods should be gradual.With special care to eat those that are painted red pigment (apples, cherries, raspberries, strawberries, cranberries).The main thing - keep track of the behavior after drinking mother grudnichka potentially dangerous food.Its danger lies in the allergenic nature of the red pigment.
Poultry, meat and meat products
Healthy diet of lactating women is unthinkable without the essential for a growing body grudnichka protein products.Their sound source - low-fat meat and poultry:
should adhere to the rules and the preparation of meat products.The meat should be steamed, boiled, put out, bake.Soups should be prepared on the secondary broths, because many of today's manufacturers are administered in feed growth hormones and antibiotics.These elements get into breast milk and can harm the baby during breast-feeding.Secondary bouillon (the first five minutes of boiling water after poured) warn that the potential danger of animal products.
If the menu include mothers during breast-feeding sea or river fish.Recommended low-fat types of this product, the ones that can have a breastfeeding mother:
should know that some species of fish (such as flounder, mackerel) significantly alter the taste of milk.Methods for the preparation of fish dishes, allowed for nursing mothers, - steaming, boiling, stewing, baking.Seafood, safe for breastfeeding, there are only squid, all other seafood is easy to provoke the baby allergies.
It is a source of slow carbohydrates, which due to significantly increased caloric intake lactating women.Cereal products in the form of cereals are particularly useful in the first thirty days of lactation.The clear advantage of cereals - their absolute safety.The only exception is semolina, which is at a low nutritional value easily leads to weight gain breastfeeding mom, and porridge fast food, devoid of vitamins.Here's what you can eat lactating mothers from cereal products:
- corn grits;
- barley grits.
breastfeeding all dairy products are allowed, but some - only in a certain kind and quantity.For example, whole milk (200 ml per day), preferably used for the preparation of cereals and carefully diluted with water.Fresh cheese (fat content 5-9%) - 150 grams per day, and the one who is older than three days - only for cooking casseroles and cheesecakes.Fermented foods permitted to use (2.5%, 800 ml per day) - is:
- natural yoghurt;
What not to eat breastfeeding mom
reasons for which some products prohibit use lactating mothers, a few.This whole meal containing potentially dangerous for the baby allergens:
- red fruits and berries;
- crayfish and crabs;
- whole milk;
- red caviar;
- exotic fruits;
The number of products that are prohibited lactating mothers, are those which have a stimulating effect, can provoke flatulence after feeding a baby:
- green tea, black;
- rye bread;
- beans, peas;
What you can not have a nursing mother categorically?Food and products with a toxic effect on the body of infants:
- alcoholic beverages;
- watermelon (accumulates nitrates);
- canned foods;
- snacks (chips, crackers);
- factory confectionery (sweets, cakes, pies);
- spicy and fried foods;
- smoked products.
Table of permitted and prohibited foods at GW
In the first six months of life the baby who breastfeed through mother's milk is to try all the products.This applies to natural food, so the list is strictly prohibited for nursing moms food led products with chemical additives.The second place that can cause allergies.All other products are considered safe.What can I eat lactating mothers, which banned products, presented in the table.
type of products (foods)
permitted in a limited number
Fruit and vegetable product set
Red, orange berries and fruits(tomatoes, persimmons, pomegranates, etc..)
vegetables, green vegetables,white, yellow
Dairy products without flavorings
Diluted whole milk
Lean sea and river fish
Pickled products (herring)
products with synthetic food additives
Menu for breastfeedingmother in the first month after birth
breast cells (laktotsity) have the ability to pass or block various substances.In the first few days after birth between laktotsitami there are gaps, so that all the substance is fed freely enter the milk.Later periods are reduced, formed gematomolochny barrier, the body blocks the potential danger to the newborn.This feature defines safe for infants nutrition nursing mother in the first month after birth:
- first week of a woman allowed to eat porridge on the water, baked apples, bananas, meatless or vegetarian soups;lean meat, cooking oil and cow's milk, steamed or boiled vegetables, broth hips, weak tea.
- first two days of breastfeeding diet lean woman.It is limited to low-fat soups, cereals, boiled vegetables (potatoes), gray (peklevannym) bread.
- On the third day in the diet was added baked apples, meat.
- What can I eat after giving birth, day 10?This dairy products, eggs, quail, fish, pasta, steamed vegetables, tea, fruit, crackers, cookies, dried fruits.
- throughout the first month of nursing women should not eat meat broths, whole milk, raw (fresh) vegetables, fruits and berries, cream, coffee, wheat bread.
introduce new products need minimal portions, always watching the reaction of the baby after feeding:
- as he takes the breast;
- whether frequent regurgitation;
- not appear whether the skin rashes;
- if disturbed sleep;.
- whether gases after feeding, etc.
Proper nutrition nursing moms monthly form - table
In the process of feeding (as in pregnancy) is formed by the child's body to get used to a variety of food, so you need to get your nursing mothers menuby month:
1 month From meat products should be preferred poultry and fish, and the meat consumed in moderation.Otherwise, it will negatively affect the functioning of the liver and kidneys baby.For this reason, nursing mothers have to give up all the salty, spicy, sweet, foods with synthetic dyes, canned food, raw fruits and vegetables.
2nd month from now permitted to cook porridge (in diluted milk) from barley and barley grits, seasoning them with butter and sugar.Of vegetables you need to start eating carrots, beets, squash, cabbage (borsch, cabbage soup), beef tongue, pasta, seasonal vegetables and herbs.
Products with the 3rd month of feeding
The range of products for nursing moms gradually introduce fresh vegetable and fruit juices, onion, honey, walnuts, homemade jam (except raspberry, strawberry).
Products from the 6th month of feeding
Enter beans, corn, white bread, beef and other foods are allowed.
Drinking regime during lactation
during childbirth and breast-feeding woman loses a lot of fluid.She needed to make up the volume to twice the daily rate: instead of the one and a half liters - three.Pediatricians recommend drinking a glass of plain water immediately before feeding (20-30 minutes).The main drink feeding woman becomes plain water (you can buy bottled, but not sparkling).
The water must be replaced by a decoction of rose hips, herbal (chamomile, lemon balm, thyme, linden), rather weak tea with lemon.Some nursing mothers to increase lactation molokochay help but start to drink it until the second month of lactation.Other drinks are allowed nursing mother - this berry juices (cranberry), jelly, fruit (dried fruit) juice.
Video of the mother's diet during breastfeeding - Dr. Komarovsky
What You Can Eat nursing mothers?Each has a pediatrician on this account their views.It is either the same or different of the traditional notions of norms, which should be fed breast-feeding women.Watch a video of the author's program of Dr. Komarovsky dedicated to breastfeeding.You will get acquainted with the professional point of view of the doctor, learn about the theoretical and practical areas of pediatrics, will get acquainted with reviews lactating mothers, their vision of a list of useful and harmful products.