Osteoarthritis (from the Greek osteo - bone, arthritis - joint) - a disease of the joints at which the degenerative cartilage damage.Under the term covered a group of diseases characterized by similar symptoms, the main ones are pain and deformity of the affected joint.All this leads to restriction of the mobility of the patient limb and the deterioration of the life of the patient in general.
What is gonarthrosis of the knee
Osteoarthritis - a disease, deforming joints occurs in localized form, when one joint is affected, and generalized (polyosteoarthrosis), when hit several parts of the body.The most common form of the disease even got some names.So, there is the concept of "coxarthrosis" - hip joint damage, and the term "gonarthrosis" refers to osteoarthritis of the knee.
cause of gonarthrosis - trauma, inflammatory process or congenital dysplasia.If the cause of the disease has not been detected, then it is considered idiopathic, ie,congenital.Risk factors for symptoms of the disease inclu
- suffering from diabetes.
States, contributing to the development of osteoarthritis:
- systemic hypothermia;
- surgery on the meniscus;
- hard work.
In the case where a patient affected one knee, the disease is called one-sided.Osteoarthritis is characterized by bilateral deformed knees of both legs.This can result in the patient's ambulation on crutches, or even in the inability to move independently.In this case, yield disabilities.It is necessary to distinguish between three levels of gonarthrosis: the first, second and third.
first degree, she is starting, characterized by an almost complete absence of symptoms.The patient has almost nothing to worry about - so somewhere something shot, stab, after a long journey knee aches.At this stage, only a doctor can determine the disease by testing the joint fluid and ultrasound.That is why it is important to go to the doctor as soon as they began to disturb pains in the knees.
If the first stage of the pain is manifested by single flashes when the load on the leg, then the second degree gonartroza human condition worsens, pain may spread to the second leg.At this time no longer put off a visit to the doctor who sees a bleak picture of the destruction of the tissue of the articular cartilage and meniscal - them irreversible changes, the formation of bony growths - osteophytes.Symptoms 2 degrees:
- appears pronounced limp.
- patient is difficult to move without one or even two hundred.
- There is pain at night.
- Morning stiffness.
When third-degree gonartroza process extends to the entire knee joint as a whole.Symptoms Grade 3:
- Chronic inflammation and pain is not left alone.
- There is a strong deformation of the bones and shifted the axis of the limb - foot becomes unnaturally curved.
- shortened ligament, tendon attachment point change.
- In connection with this function is broken knee muscles lose their ability to reduce normal.
- At this stage, the patient is no longer able to walk, he can only move around in a wheelchair.
Treatment of gonarthrosis knee
man after diagnosis quite naturally wonders how to treat gonarthrosis of the knee?Modern medicine knows many ways, from folk to surgery.In any case, the process is long.The successful recovery of the patient is necessary to limit the load leg, engage in physical therapy, physiotherapy.A great help is a spa treatment.In advanced cases, unfortunately, can not do without surgery.
Osteoarthritis 1-2 extent of the knee can be treated without radical intervention.The patient need to comply with all requirements of the attending physician.Proper nutrition and pharmacotherapy also play a huge role in the treatment.Major drugs that facilitate the patient is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs taken by mouth or in the form of intraarticular injection.
gymnastics Therapeutic exercises in gonarthrosis of the knee joint is of great importance.During remission, it is important to give a gentle load on the injured leg, or develops physical inactivity, which leads to atrophy of the muscles and loosens ligaments.The main objective of physical therapy - increased joint mobility and muscle endurance.One of the main problems is the problem of physiotherapy load dosing.Aching joints can not be too hard, but from lack of effort will not be good.To recover successfully, you need to strictly comply with all requirements of the surgeon.
In 2012, large-scale study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of different types of exercise.Scientists have determined that in order to facilitate the patient's condition gymnastics in gonarthrosis of the knee joint must include aerobic exercise or water.They relieve pain and significantly improve the functional state of the affected knee.
gonarthrosis Treatment folk remedies is only possible as a supplement to medical therapy and has an effect only on the first or at the beginning of the second stage of the disease.There are many different ways of treatment, but to use them without a doctor's advice can not, because some have contraindications.For example, anti-inflammatory effective honey wrap:
- sore joints generously smeared with honey.
- loosely tie up bandage, soaked in honey also.
- left overnight.
- only such agent is contraindicated in patients with allergies to honey.
surgery when the disease has already severely progressed and reached the third degree, conservative treatment is useless.In the foreground there is an invasive intervention, for example, the elimination of increased intra-articular pressure.If the joint is destroyed so that restore it is not possible to apply the endoprosthesis.Further postoperative therapy provides fast recovery and improving the quality of life of the patient.
Video: how to do the exercises in gonarthrosis
The figure below shows examples of typical video exercises for prevention and treatment of the first stage of gonarthrosis.It is important to observe all instructions of the instructor, do the exercises consistently and in good faith, do not forget about the doctor's prescription medication, then the disease will slow down development, and there may come a stable remission or even complete recovery.