Bursitis knee is considered not very common disease, but it should be aware of all who are at high risk of leg injuries.Bursitis of the knee, symptoms and treatments which are characterized by certain characteristics, is an inflammation of the bursa, or so-called bursa.What are the manifestations of this pathology and identify how to treat?
Symptoms of bursitis of the knee
to determine the signs of the disease and be able to distinguish them from other manifestations, it is necessary to understand it is developing for some reasons.This will allow more to understand what bursitis of the knee, what are the symptoms and treatment of the disease, how to extend therapy to eliminate inflammation and restore the joint operation.
main causes of bursitis are related to trauma, infection, increased physical activity, specifics of professional activities.The risk of developing the disease increases obesity, arthritis and arthrosis (they can provoke reactive form of the disease), metabolic disorders.Injuries
As a result of the inflammatory process periarticular bag filled with excess liquid.It compresses the surrounding tissues and causes swelling in the joint, different soreness and redness.The knee joint is more than a dozen synovial bags, each of which can affect inflammation.Based on the fact, which of them is damaged, bursitis of the knee bag has a different localization.
If inflammation develops in the front and top of the knee cap, or prepatellyarnuyu suprapatellyarnuyu diagnosed form of the disease, and the bottom of it - infrapatellar.Inflammation of the bursa called "goose foot", located on the inner side of the knee, is typical anzerinovogo bursitis.All of these types of bursitis of the knee have their own specific symptoms and characteristics of development.
distinctive feature of this form of bursitis is the presence of round painless tumor in the upper region of the knee joint.It has a soft texture and has a size of no more than 10 cm. Suprapatellyarny bursitis of the knee joint is accompanied by a decrease in knee mobility, general malaise, and sometimes fever.
This kind of disease is characterized by the appearance of painful swelling or severe swelling in the patella area, ie above the kneecap.When the knee flexion and extension there is pain, worse at high loads, but sometimes it may be absent.As the disease progresses the joint mobility is greatly impaired.In comparison with other varieties of the disease, type of prepatellyarny often becomes chronic.
This type of bursitis affects the periarticular bag located under the kneecap.He was the most susceptible to the athletes, as they have a high risk of knee injury while running or jumping.Infrapatellar bursitis often have mild symptoms.For a while, it can only manifest itself in a minor knee pain that occurs when walking or standing, sometimes there is edema, or stiffness of the knee.
Treatment of bursitis of the knee at home
choosing than to treat bursitis of the knee in the early stages of development, experts are inclined to the conservative methods.These include the provision of rest the affected joint, application of cold compresses, anti-inflammatory ointments, painkillers.If the bursitis is an infectious character, the patient is prescribed antibiotics.
When bursa accumulates a large amount of fluid, the doctor may suggest the patient surgical drainage.This procedure is carried out by pumping fluid from the bursa with a syringe.After its removal chamber bags handled antibiotic.Surgical removal of the bursa is used only in severe cases, when the inflammation has progressed so much that cut short his conservative methods is no longer possible.
People's treatment of the disease is allowed only after consultation with a specialist.Bursitis of the knee joint, its symptoms and treatment have specific characteristics, so the choice of therapies should be done after a thorough diagnosis of the doctor.it is allowed to use proven popular recipes for pain and inflammation.However, to diagnose the disease at the photo on the Internet and taken for treatment without extremely dangerous to professional help.
to treat bursitis traditional methods used salt and cabbage compresses, lotions of kalanchoe or present propolis on alcohol, decoctions yarrow, St. John's wort, burdock.Much attention is paid to such traditional medicine issue as food bursitis of the knee joint.It is believed that faster cure the disease helps the consumption of food rich in vitamins A, C, E and zinc.
Conservative treatment of knee bursitis may include the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in the form of ointments, "Voltaren", "Fastum-gel", "Indovazin" "Diclofenac".As additional drugs may be used "Apizartron" ointment, "Mellivenon", "Kapsoderma", "Traumeel" compresses Dimexidum, camphor ointment, ointment Vishnevsky.
bursitis can be administered anti-inflammatory drugs for oral administration: preparations based on ibuprofen, phenylbutazone, diclofenac, ketoprofen.If muscle spasms are used muscle relaxants such as diazepam or baclofen.For the relief of acute pain used corticosteroid injections: diprospana, hydrocortisone, methylprednisolone.
If necessary, the use of antibiotic therapy to the patient being prescribed a course of penicillin, macrolide or cephalosporin antibiotics.Selection of a particular drug is carried out taking into account the severity of the inflammatory process and the origin of the infection.In mild or moderate stage of the disease prescribe drugs for oral administration, and in more complex cases, do intramuscular injections.
Physiotherapy in the therapy of the knee bursitis is appointed only after complete relief of the inflammatory process.LFK Particular importance is given to those cases where the joint has been a long time still.Individually chosen specialist exercise program helps to restore normal functionality of the knee joint and prevent the occurrence of pathological changes in its structure.
Video: how to treat bursitis of the knee
Thematic videos offer much more information about the features of the disease.They are experts not only list but also demonstrate effective methods of treatment of bursitis, knee hit, and tell how in the home quickly to get rid of acute manifestations of the disease - edema, pain, inflammation.
Vitaly, 37 years : After impact, I developed post-traumatic bursitis.At 10 days appointed compresses Dimexidum, but the improvement was not, therefore, sent to the puncture of synovial fluid.After her tumor began to pass, smeared 'ketorol "and go 5 days of injection.It helped get rid of bursitis generally fast, although initially tuned to the long-term treatment.
George, 32 years old : earned bursitis after several years of training.Treat had for a long time, because after the fluid injection "Diprospan" continued to accumulate in the joints.Repeated injections, ointments and prescribed NSAIDs inside.The lump on his knee did not pass, though not ill.It was not until after the next puncture began to wear a special knee appeared to improve.
Elena, 23 years : Treated bursitis below the knee "Voltaren" bandage, went to physical therapy.The pain and swelling rid easily and I thought that everything was, but after the sudden movements or loads knee swells up again and strongly hurts.The competition can not participate more and continue to try to recover, but so far without success, although already visited several doctors.