The most important occurs suddenly.This is what happened with grapes.Once chewed his ass, but it turned out that he did a great favor.The harvest from these bushes was better.Since then, the grapes began to be cut off.With the care of shrubs perfected over time.And now, knowing how to properly conducted grape pruning in the spring, for novice gardeners is not a problem to get a good harvest.The bushes are found in almost every garden, but only nelenivyh owners are able to make delicious fruit and a rich harvest.
When to cut the grapes: the fall or spring?
Pruning grapes can increase the yield and improve the size and quality of berries, but take care of the bushes becomes a lot easier, too.Improving the properties of berries directly connected to the fact that the grapes do not need to give up their powers and juices huge vines.This allows clusters of getting more power.Before each novice gardener is the question of when to carry out pruning grapes: spring, summer or autumn?
Cut the plants in au
If the winter in the region is not too severe, make the pruning in late fall, after 3 weeks, as the fall off the leaves from the bush.This promotes better healing "wounds", prevents the risk that the bush "cry" and lose a lot of nutrients, which is fraught with a poor harvest, and sometimes death of plants.This is a common mistake beginners who do not know when the vine in the spring.Therefore, most gardeners recommend to carry out the process before the winter.Clipped shrubs in autumn easier to hide from the cold.
Experienced winemakers produce "crop" even in the summer before flowering.This is different from what is done in the spring or fall.In the summer of clean vines without pruning shears or other sharp tools.During this period, the lower part of the release of the leaves, leaving clusters of opportunity to get more sunlight.In the middle and upper parts of the bush harvested berries.
This approach is chosen for a reason.More nutrients goes to the lower part of the vine, where all the clusters are concentrated.Winemakers assured that due to the force of gravity to the top of not getting all the minerals, which are necessary for an amazing taste and extra fruit, which will be selected forces in the bush just to anything.It is better to get a smaller amount of the grapes, but with a large and tasty berries.
Terms and grape pruning scheme for beginners
process itself - it is not difficult, but requires some knowledge.Improper pruning grapes will not give the desired results, but can lead to the death of a bush.The process is best carried out in several stages, in order to avoid errors.Terms of pruning young and old had already formed hive differ.An important condition is that you must remember to beginners - removed all excess vines, but no more.The main thing to realize that unnecessary and which branches should be left.
second important point is the grape pruning tool.Perform work only need strong and sharp secateurs.This will help to cut the vines one confident movement.Shoots thereafter will not delaminate, the process will take less painful for the plant.For the first experiments is best to choose varieties with good resistance and adaptability, for example, grapes Isabella.
Pruning young grapes
If the plant grows the first year, it is important to determine how to properly trim the young vines in the spring.The objective of the formation of grower gets for a summer one, but the strong escape.Everything else is removed.Weak shoots are selected forces that are necessary for the formation of a good vine.Giving preference to escape when selecting necessary that a sleeve, located in a well of approximately 10 cm below the ground level.Even this one need to run a garter.The mainstay is able to serve as a peg.
Sometimes, in the first year on the bush are formed buds.Leave them all does not make sense - clean, leaving a few berries.Do not feel sorry for them, give a two-year bush crop several times more.If the vine is not the inflorescence, it does not mean that it is not necessary to remove excess leaves and pinch it with him.Such actions are required to obtain a good harvest in the future.
old Pruning grapes
old bushes are cut in several stages.The first pruning takes place in September, while the leaves have not yet fallen down.At this time, perennial sleeves exempt from young vines.If the branches are a little higher, they eliminate the laterals, also cut about a tenth of the length of the shoot.The second stage of the grape crop comes at a time when the leaves have fallen down and the nutrients are not in the vines, and moved to the root and sleeves.
The second step choose the most developed shoots.One is located at the bottom is cut, leaving 3-4 buds.This escape knot will serve as a replacement.On the other hand pruned vines, leaving 5 or 6 holes that are formed fruit arrow in the future.Cutting off the grapes always leave a few extra holes.They need to form a rod in the case of freezing, but if the eyes are not useful, they are cut in the spring.
If the bush had never been cut, but he had already formed, do not despair.Launched grapes still be saved.To do this, leave a few branches to form a bush sleeves, the rest are removed without regret.On the sleeves are left only those shoots that will be needed for future fruiting.Perhaps one will have to wait a year without harvest, but after the bush will grant you large clusters.
How to trim the vines on the arch (the gazebo)
Many winegrowers prefer to shape the bushes on the arch or arbor.Their cultivation and cropping has some peculiarities.For arbors and arches fit only frost-resistant varieties of grapes.Such support is not possible to harbor a bush.The main objective of the formation of grower gets the correct form bowline plants.The rest of the process is no different from other piers trim - nevyzrevshie removed and weak shoots, in addition do not forget about the handle and replacement of spare little eyes for the safety net.
To decorate arches or pavilions often thrown maiden or a wild grapes.Grades are unpretentious, but look great on legs.The main advantages of these types is that they are practically not exposed to disease, grow quickly, are well acclimatized.They fit any land, they are resistant to cold, harsh winters.Another advantage is considered that it does not require special support to build.Grapes clinging to the slightest roughness and can braid facade.What it looks like, look at the photos.
grape bunches are large, if the grapes provide the appropriate care.During flowering care about is that on the bush was not extra inflorescences - leave just 1-2 on the branch, the other removed.To get a good harvest, the future bunches need sunlight.To this end, pinch off the excess leaves, which create shade for them and prevent proper form and evolve.Take care, and that the nutrients are not left in the young green shoots.It is recommended to cut off at the level of the fourth sheet, which is located behind the last inflorescence.
video tutorials on spring bush vine formirovke
Pruning grapes in the fall does not mean that the spring does not need any work.On the contrary, spring - the best time for the formation of correct vines.At this time, it is clear which shoots survived the winter, and that can even remove.In the video tutorial below clearly demonstrated the elimination of unnecessary shoots, which will interfere with vines to reward his master rich harvest.The video shows examples not only for large bushes already formed, but also young.A clear, accessible explanation will quickly master the process, even a novice.