Barberry - it is unpretentious, winter hardy shrub that grows mainly in the northern areas.natural yellow dye obtained from wood and bush roots.Berry plants are edible and contain two types of acids: tartaric and citric.The fruits are used for the preparation of pastes, jams, sweets and jam.bush leaves are used as a spicy ingredient for marinades and some varieties even brewed honey.
species barberry with photos
In nature, growing about five hundred different species of barberry.This ornamental shrub with beautiful bright leaves and spiny stems adorn any garden.Especially it is beautiful during the flowering and fruiting.The dense root system of the bush can strengthen the ground slopes, and the bark is often used in folk medicine.There was widespread resistant species of plants, which account for a large number of fancy varieties.
folksy name of the bushes - "kislyanka".Beautiful plant with spreading branches reaches three meters high.Berberis vulgaris blooms of bright ye
This type of bush is suitable for planting in urban areas.However, Berberis vulgaris can not be planted near the windows because it draws very different insects.Like many other species of bush cultivar it likes sun but can grow even in a shady spot.The bush is neutral to frost and is suitable for human consumption.The most common subspecies of barberry - is:
- Alba-variegata (colored leaves white spots and stripes).
- Atropurpurea (dark purple leaves).
- Aureo-marginata (beautiful leaves with golden framing).
type shrub found in polluted cities.Thunberg grows up to 1 meter and has a beautiful bright red and yellow leaves.Scrub fruits every year, but the berries are bitter taste, so they do not eat.Barberry shrub often planted to strengthen the slopes and ravines, this contributes to a strong root system of the bush.Often the plant with thick branches covered with spines, serves as an excellent hedge.The plant has several subtypes:
- Berberis thunbergii Atropurpurea propagated by seeds and is one of the most popular plants.During the summer grade Atropurpurea has a purple color, and the fall color changes to red.
- Barberry Aurea - shrub up to half a meter in height, having a golden or bright yellow leaves.
- Berberis thunbergii Orange Rocket has a bright pink leaves, used for group plantings, and as hedges.
- Harlequin - elegant bright bush with unusual lilac spotted leaves.Barberry has large crown with small annual increase.
- Coroniti Barberry has a flat crown and up to 1 meter in height.Shoots arc shape beautiful cascade down to the ground, forming beautiful purple fountain.
- Grade barberry Maria Aurea is similar to, but higher.Reddish ends of the shoots and leaves yellow with carmine shrub edging make very attractive to any garden.
- Berberis thunbergii Green is divided into two types: Carpet and ornament.Shrubs have a yellow-brown crust and tripartite thorns.Blossoms in May, yellow or yellow-pink flowers.
- Berberis thunbergii Erekta - beautiful high bush columnar shape.The plant has bright green leaves and bright autumn assumes a purple coloring.
- Barberry Red Chief - high-born spreading shrub with variegated, narrow leaves.
- Variety Golden Ring reaches a height of 1.5 meters, has narrow leaves with a yellow outline.
- Barberry Liuting Rouge characterized by short stature and original views.The foliage has a bright red-orange color, making a bush decorate any infield.
Very nice, rare shrub.Its height is about two meters.Distinguishing features of this plant are the leaves, which in the summer have a violet-pink color, and in autumn are bright crimson.The plant bears fruit red oblong berries.Ottawa Barberry grows quickly, without requiring special care.Aesthetic appeal and frost bushes make it a desirable inhabitant of Russian gardeners.
breeding methods barberry
Despite the fact that it is not often possible to see the barberries, its cultivation is not so problematic in Russia the gardens as it may seem.The bush can serve as a reliable hedge or be a wonderful decoration of the site.There are several ways how to plant barberry.To this end, possible to use the seeds, cuttings or cuttings.The following describes each of the methods of plant propagation.
In early summer from the side branches are cut cuttings up to 15 centimeters.They are rooted in the greenhouse, and cut off the lower leaves and branches cover the base stimulator rooting.Planted cuttings covered with polyethylene, basting from time to time to accelerate growth.To plant has taken root, it is necessary to ventilate the room greenhouses and loosen the soil once a week.When the first leaves begin to blossom, greenhouse open to cuttings tempered.
For multiplication by seed must be selected ripe berries of barberry, get out of them the seeds and dry them.Plant seeds should fall (before the onset of cold weather) in the prepared land.Planting spring Barberry is also allowed, but if the winter is to leave the seeds in a cool place, mixed with sand.After six months, the year the seeds are sorted, choosing the strongest and transplanted them into the selected location.Fruiting bush starts after a couple of years after the emergence of roots.
dividing the bush
This method of propagation is rarely used because there is a risk to destroy the plant.However, if you decide to go this route, first bush is completely dug up and divided into several parts, each of which must have strong shoots.On the same day the seedlings should be planted in the pre-prepared soil.Water the young plants should be often, but a little bit.
most simple, safe, effective way to plant propagation are cuttings.Click on the annual bush branches, tree trunks to make small ditches (about 20 cm deep).When the ground dries out, tilt and place the shoots into a ditch, fixing them.Pour branch soil, leaving the tips of the surface.Water the seedlings often and copiously.With this method the autumn will form the new ready-to-fit bushes.
How and where better to plant barberry plant
unpretentious, so it can grow in almost any conditions.But experienced gardeners recommended to follow certain rules.Since the departure and landing often depend on the species of shrubs, is based on the grade.So, if Bush implies a decorative spots on the leaves, the plant should be planted in a sunny location - the more light will fall on the leaves, the more they will be.In addition, it is better not to plant a bush in the valley, where all the rainwater falls as barberry can not tolerate large amounts of moisture.
Shrub great feeling close to other plants, but the distance between them should be not less than one and a half meters, or barberry will not be able to develop normally and grow disproportionately.The unspoken rule gardeners - plant a free plant so that on one linear meter was not more than two seedlings.If you want to hedge, the number of young sprouts increases to 4.
cuttings with bare roots may be planted only in the late autumn, after leaf fall or early spring, when the trees are no kidneys.However, better to choose plants with closed roots in containers, they may plant a garden at any time period.And before planting should treat the soil nutrient, fertilizer easy.Add the hole peat, turf soil, ash, superphosphate.
How to take care of barberry in the open field
Bush is not afraid of dry or hot climates, perfectly brought forth even on sandy soil, but excessive moisture can ruin the plant.If you want to barberry was healthy and grew beautiful, you need to find the right treatment for it.Regular weeding, watering, hoeing, fertilizing - all this must be done systematically.If the summer rains often not worth the extra water the bush.The plant is easily tolerate drought, but when lack of moisture leaves become dull and small.In the dry season watering barberry weekly.
of barberry in the garden Care also implies regular pruning, when you save the plant from damaged or dead branches.When the shrub reaches the age of two, it is time to begin to thin out.If you do not remove old branches, they will interfere with the growth of new ones.This process should be carried out in early spring.Moreover removal is permitted to escape bush 70%, no more.Some varieties of the plant is to thin out twice a year.
Top dressing nitrogen fertilizer
bush should have a regular character.Feed the plant should be in the second year of life, the first nitrogen fertilizer in the spring and repeated only after 3-4 years of life barberry.Nitrogen fertilizers are needed to stimulate the growth of plants.The first diluted mixture in such proportions: 10 liters of water 30 grams of urea.Subsequent fertilization occurs once every four years at the rate of: a bucket of fertilizer per square meter of soil.
Video: how to plant and care for barberry
to plant well and stuck for many years delighted owners with its beauty and useful berries, you need to create the right conditions for it.Despite the fact that the bush is unpretentious, it is important to choose the right place and time of landing barberry, prepare in advance to this stage, regular care for the bush.After watching the video, you will learn how to properly plant and care for this plant grateful.