sympathetic and parasympathetic parts of the nervous system triggers mobilization and relaxation of the body in the right situation.In the current circumstances, people often intentionally or unintentionally hinder the timely inclusion of these functions.The result is a dystonia (ICD 10 code).Let's look at the features of this state that even a contraindication to summon men to the army, we learn about the causes of the IRR, the types of dystonia vascular system, methods of diagnosis and treatment.

Causes IRR

dystonia, it is from the point of view of medicine?This ailment is not an independent disease, manifested as a set of symptoms, with the aggravation of the fall and spring.Scientists believe that formed autonomic disorders at hereditary abnormalities.List of possible factors appearance vascular dystonia extensive system.Characteristic reasons doctors include:

  • hormone "revolution" in puberty associated with menopause or pregnancy;
  • irreversible changes in the nervous, cardiovascular, endo
    crine system;
  • maturity mismatch of physical development of the nervous and endocrine systems in adolescents;
  • periodic psycho-emotional overload;
  • exhaustion or fatigue;
  • chronic fatigue;
  • insomnia (lack of sleep, insomnia);
  • mistrust, vulnerability;
  • excessive exercise;
  • viral infections;
  • injury;
  • lack of physical activity;
  • radiation exposure;
  • chemical toxicity;
  • smoking;
  • alcohol.


The emergence or worsening dysfunction syndrome vascular system in adults is often due to the following reasons:

  • depression;
  • chronic illnesses;
  • endocrine system failures;
  • neuroses;
  • rapid weight loss;
  • traumatic brain injury;
  • disorders in the digestive system;
  • upper spine injury;
  • imbalance of hormones during menopause, pregnancy;
  • bad habits;
  • stress;
  • physical inactivity;
  • uncured infections.

In children and adolescents

Among the most likely causes of dystonia in the child's doctors distinguish the effects of a difficult birth and pregnancy in women.Among the precipitating factors dystonia vascular system includes:

  • alcoholism parents;
  • conflicts at school and in the family;
  • overprotection;
  • chronic stress;
  • emotional stress;
  • mental fatigue.

Among other reasons dystonia most likely doctors believe:

  • somatic diseases;
  • infectious diseases;
  • endocrine disorders;
  • allergies;
  • neuroses;
  • anemia;
  • traumatic brain injury;
  • particular body;
  • unsuitable climate;
  • severe weather conditions;
  • intensive sports;
  • wrong mode of the day;
  • unbalanced diet.

disease types

Dystonia vascular system of the body is characterized by persistent symptoms, but different localization.Typology of VSD on symptoms:

  • vascular;
  • neuroendocrine;
  • neuromuscular;
  • psychic;
  • tonic;
  • cognitive;
  • mixed.

Depending on the localization of vascular dystonia system is classified into:

  • vegetative-visceral;
  • respiratory;
  • cardiology;
  • cerebral;
  • Gastroenterology;

The clinical course IRR typology varies in blood pressure (hyper- and hypotonic, mixed), cardiac disorders (tahikardicheskaya, barikardicheskaya, arrhythmic, and so forth.), Other pathologies character (asthenic, respiratory, neyrogastralnaya, cerebrovascular dystonia).Let's examine some of the common types of vegetative-vascular syndrome.


This type often occurs in people exposed to stress and emotional instability, accompanied by an increase of pressure, hypertensive crises entail.VSD on hypertonic type is the result of increasing muscle tone of the arteries.In this embodiment, the pressure is reduced disorder without medication, this is its main difference from hypertension.


The main feature of this type of dystonia - a tendency to reduce the pressure.Under this option, vegetative-vascular disorders dominates the functioning of the parasympathetic division of the nervous system responsible for the rest, the accumulation of forces, weight gain, sleep.Man with hypotonic syndrome IRR suffers from sleepiness, gaining weight, it slows heart rate, decreased blood pressure.


When IRR is disturbed coordination action parasympathetic and sympathetic nervous system, there is a predominance of one.When explicit "superiority" is not observed, there is a never-ending "fight for power", diagnose vascular dystonia on the mixed type system.This type is characterized by constant pressure surges accompanied by disorders of the heart muscle.


This type is characterized by symptoms cardioneurosis, found in half of the cases of dystonia vascular system.The causes of the syndrome are hypothalamic control of pathology and the limbic vascular innervation, resulting in impaired vascular response (spasm and relaxation) on external factors hindered nutrition and oxygen supply.The triggering this type of dystonia vascular mechanism of the system are considered stressful situations.

Key signs and symptoms

Characteristic symptoms of dystonia - is an inadequate reaction vessels and the central nervous system.Distinguishing and defining symptoms of VSD - psychological characteristics of people suffering from vascular dystonia data system:

  • increased anxiety;
  • bouts of panic attacks;
  • suspiciousness;
  • sudden emotional swings;
  • obsessions.

Headaches with vascular dystonia - one of the hallmarks of the disease, along with the following manifestations:

  • dizziness;
  • tinnitus;
  • frequent fainting;
  • tachycardia;
  • belching;
  • drowsiness;
  • weakness;
  • nausea;
  • shortness of breath (dyspnea);
  • Hyperhidrosis (feet, hands, body);
  • temperature rise;
  • muscle pain;
  • tremors in the hands and body.

diagnostic methods

diagnosis of dystonia vascular system pose when overt somatic diseases not found.To determine dystonia, to exclude organic disease, so patients shows a general inspection, additional consultations of the neurologist, gastroenterologist, cardiologist, endocrinologist.The number of vegetative-vascular syndrome diagnostic procedures include:

  • laboratory tests;
  • ECG;
  • ultrasound;
  • radiography;
  • analysis of hormone levels

Treatment of vascular dystonia

General Medicine dystonia vascular system is to return to a healthy lifestyle, a balanced diet, massage, exercise therapy, alternative therapy, medical exposure.In fact, how to treat the IRR, the doctors there is no consensus.Experts recommend to combine two directions:

  1. Treatment certain vegetososudistoy syndrome.
  2. Therapy disease that causes these symptoms.


Diet at VSD is designed to adjust the diet in favor of the production of potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron, fluorine, manganese.Depending on the type of dystonia vascular system of the patient is recommended:

  1. dystonia hypotonic type.Limit salt, tonics.Add in the diet of beans, cheese, spinach, barley porridge, carrot.
  2. Hypertensive type of dystonia.Include in the diet of citrus, spices, vegetable oil.

Terms power in any type of dystonia vascular system:

  • lunch, dinner, breakfast - on the clock;
  • not overeat;
  • take a multivitamin;
  • include a menu of soups, soups, fish and dried fruit;
  • there;
  • daily eat porridge of oatmeal and buckwheat.


use of drugs (pills, injections) is shown only when running dystonia vascular system.Effective drugs to help cope with the illness (taken exclusively on the advice of the doctor!), It is:

  • caffeine ( "askofen", "Novomigrofen", "sedalgin" and so forth.);
  • tranquilizers (for anxiety, emotional excitability, for example, "Tofisopam", "Novopassit", "Afobazol", "Persen»;
  • stimulating agents ( "Mexidol" "Piracetam," "Glycine»);
  • cardio-cardiovascular drugs ( "Valokormid", "Corvalol", "Valocordin" Validol "," reserpine »);
  • multivitamin dietary supplements (" Neyromultivit "," nootropics »);
  • hypo- and hypertensive agents (" Inderal ")..

Physiotherapeutic procedures

physiotherapy Efficacy in the treatment of vascular dystonia is due to its ability to normalize the functioning of the heart, the central nervous system, to deal with stress in the number shown treatments that help cure dystonia vascular system include:

  1. Magneto-. and the laser activates metabolic and enzymatic activity of cells
  2. Vibroacoustic therapy..Activates the microcirculation, lymph flow, stimulates nerves, increases metabolism, normalizes blood pressure, sleep.
  3. Dance therapy, electroacupuncture.Normalize metabolic processes, blood pressure, emotional background, the processes in the cerebral cortex,

Folk remedies

From dystonia get rid in the home is not possible, but there are folk remedies to help the least impact on the vegetative-vascular system:

  1. Teawith balm, rosehip, mint.
  2. mixture of equal amounts of red wine, lemon, honey, garlic, carrot juice, radish, beet.A tablespoon three times a day.
  3. Broth nettle, meadowsweet, St. John's wort, mistletoe, inula, Valerian in arbitrary proportions.
  4. mixture (by half a spoon), hawthorn, hops, thyme, motherwort, mint, lemon balm, oregano, St. John's wort, sage, marigold, mistletoe, sweet clover, fennel, valerian and chamomile.Brew and drink as tea.
  5. compote of berries of wild rose, black currant, barberry.
  6. motherwort tincture (10 g herb per cup of boiling water - daily rate).Drink four times a day for a month.


special measures preventing dystonia vascular system does not exist, because the syndrome is characterized by a variety of ailments.The only thing that is recommended by doctors - a complete rest, exercise (running, charging), douche, breathing exercises, proper diet, avoiding harmful habits.The best "medicine", fleeing from the appearance of vascular dystonia syndrome systems become pets.

Video: What is the IRR

Want to see what breaks behind the mysterious diagnosis of "vegetative dystonia system"?Watch a video of the series of programs "Philosophy of Health".Representatives of the "AntiVSD" center and medical clinics, presenters and guests talk show to discuss the characteristic symptoms of dystonia vascular system, dangerous forms of its manifestation.You will hear reviews of methods of treatment and learn the basics of self-regulation of the nervous system, management of emotions.