An ordinary person's heart in a minute makes 60-80 strokes, for the performance and the speed which corresponds to the sinus node.It generates pulses transmitted cardiac muscle, but under certain conditions, the frequency of these contractions begins to increase.If a heart rate greater than 90 beats per minute is called sinus tachycardia.Often ignored is the deviation of the man, and the disease is detected by chance during an electrocardiogram (elektrokardiografiya).
What is sinus tachycardia heart
Not everyone will be able to determine, because of what is happening palpitations, writing off his excitement at or fatigue.In order to avoid complications is to know what is sinus tachycardia heart: this is an increase in heart rate (heart rate) and 100 strokes or more.This symptom - a sign of tachycardia, which is a form of supraventricular tachyarrhythmias.In the international medical tachycardia is the abbreviation ICD-10.Doctors distinguish two types of the disease - the physiological and patholog
- first appearance of the disease can be as innate, which is often found in girls of any age and adolescent boys and acquired throughout life.Acquired tachycardia manifested in active physical exercise, after which, in a state of great excitement, stress.Such a heart response is a normal response of the body, it is temporary.
- Pathological tachycardia divided into adequate and inadequate.The latter is characterized by a persistent increase in symptomatic heart rate over a hundred beats a minute when a person is awake and is at rest or during mild physical activity.The diagnosis is correct, if the attacks palpitations continue for three months without any apparent reason.Adequate sinus tachycardia (ST) called increase in heart rate when:
heart rate and rhythm
Obvious symptoms of an attack of tachycardia considered changes in heart rate and heart rhythm.Heart rate is an important sign of problems with the sinus node.At the same time moderate tachycardia - a typical reaction to stress or stress.A characteristic feature of this disease is to keep the heart rate, and if it is broken and it is already an arrhythmia.It is necessary to do an electrocardiogram, if you:
- sense of "fluttering" of the heart, rapid heart rate;
- weakness and dizziness;
- general weakness, decreased performance;
- palpitations when changing from horizontal to vertical position of the body;
- chest pain.
simply analyzing ECG should deal only with the doctor, and then he wrote the conclusion, appoint the appropriate treatment of tachycardia.If you want to understand what your EKG showed, it should be to deal with some terminology.Important for the correct diagnosis, the following indicators are the destination for further treatment of palpitations:
- EOS (electrical heart axis) indicates the position of the heart during echocardiography.It may be straight, with a deviation to the right or left, horizontal, vertical.
- heart rate.Rejection is considered to be the heart rate over 90 beats per minute.
- Upon stimulation of the heart secondary source of electrical heart potentials indicated that it nesinusovy rhythm.The indicator says about heart disease.
- hypertrophy of the right or of the left ventricle.Speaking about the growth of the heart ventricle size, or thickening of its walls.
- Atrial fibrillation.Says abuse heart rhythm, which is typical for people over 60. There is a possibility of developing heart failure, brain stroke.
- Paroxysm of atrial fibrillation.It is found on the cardiogram sharp attack of atrial fibrillation, which commits to start immediate treatment.
- Extrasystole - abnormal pulse on the ECG because of the extraordinary contraction of the heart muscle.There atrial, ventricular, atrioventricular extrasystole.
- adrenergic drugs.
- increase in temperature due to inflammation or systemic infection.
- Cardiomyopathy with concomitant left ventricular dysfunction.
- Respiratory failure.
- Acute vascular insufficiency.
- use of certain drugs (aminophylline, calcium channel blockers slow caffeine).
dangerous to tachycardia
sine tachycardia - malfunction of the heart muscle tear.This load can trigger the development of heart failure and other cardiac arrhythmias, lowering blood pressure.Tachycardia violates the blood supply to the heart, which increases the likelihood of developing coronary artery disease, heart attack.A particular danger is the possibility of cerebral vascular thromboembolic events, pulmonary embolism and myocardial infarction amid - ventricular fibrillation, leading to sudden death.Therefore, in the army with bouts of tachycardia are not taken.
How to treat sinus tachycardia
for sinus tachycardia, or as it is called patients "sine" treatment is given depending on the reasons that caused it.With the development of CT in the background of an acute or chronic medical condition first treated with primary disease.In anemia, first normalize the level of red blood cells and hemoglobin in hyperthyroidism - pick the correct dosage of drugs.If tachycardia is used as a medical therapy and treatment of folk remedies.In the case of neurogenic causes of the disease are turning to a psychologist.
- Valerian.Dilates blood vessels, slows the heartbeat.
- Hawthorn tincture.Used in paroxysmal tachycardia or atrial fibrillation.
- drug "Persia".A mild sedative, helps to cope with anxiety, nervousness, slow heartbeat.
- «Motherwort."Sedative, helps to cope with insomnia and normalize heart rhythm, rarely causes side effects.
- drug "Diazepam".Eliminates the feeling of anxiety or fear, it has the means amnesic, sedative effect, reduces the number of episodes of tachycardia.
- drug "Phenobarbital".The tool is used in small doses as a sedative medication, slows the heartbeat.
- antiarrhythmic drugs ( "Verapamin", "Adenosine" "Inderal") are accepted only on prescription.
- tea with hawthorn with tachycardia.Take half a tablespoon of rose hips, hawthorn, Leonurus herbs, green tea.Put everything in a glass, fill with boiling water, let it brew.Use as an infusion of tea leaves for tea and drink it from tachycardia during the day.
- Mix 500 g of crushed lemons, the same amount of honey, add 20 pounded almonds.Accepted in the morning, in the evening and 1 tablespoon for 3 weeks.To get rid of tachycardia will need about 3 courses.
- Honey and radish with palpitations.Mix in a ratio of 1: 1 black radish juice and honey.Eat a means for one item.l.2-3 times per day.admission course - 1 month.
- Tincture Elecampane with palpitations.Mix 0.5 liters of alcohol (70%) and 100 g of dried root elecampane, insist 14 days.Eat means 3 times 1st teaspoon a day 15 minutes before meal.
Features of treatment
considered separately bouts of tachycardia in pregnant women and children.Due to the physiological characteristics of the female body during gestation, and in children during adolescence sinus tachycardia seizures happen more often, but in most cases do not threaten.must meet certain therapeutic actions or take light sedation to eliminate the palpitations.
Children heartbeat is faster, which is associated with the growth of the body, speed up metabolism, increased oxygen demand.Sinus tachycardia, a child may be mild, moderate, severe, or as a result of the constant movement of mobile games.If the baby has started an attack, then:
- It is necessary to bring to an open window or go out with him into the fresh air, taking off the scarf and cloak.
- Then put the baby to bed, provide a complete rest on the forehead put a cold object, for example, a wet towel (not recommended for infants).
- Ask the kid to hold your breath and stretch for 15-20 seconds, all muscles of the body, after 2 minutes of rest, repeat the procedure.
- do this is to normalize the heartbeat of the child.These methods are applicable, if the tachycardia seizures are periodic in nature, otherwise you need to go to the hospital.
Easy sinus tachycardia during pregnancy often develops due to increased levels of hormones.In this case, the mother's body and the child is no threat, but the heartbeat of 120-150 beats per minute at rest, seek medical advice.During an attack of palpitations provide women rest, maximum comfort.During the first trimester to terminate tachycardia enough light sedation.
stronger sedatives may be required in the third trimester.At elevated heart rate may be used "Persen" "Novopassit" in a liquid form or "Matern" "Vitrum" "Eleven".If the tachycardia will occur regularly, you should go to the hospital, because it can have serious consequences for the fetus.
Video of tachycardia in children
Tachycardia in most cases is the result of some other disease, so it is important to establish the cause of seizures.In children, rapid heart rate has become one of the urgent problems in the field of cardiology.If not treated in time tachycardia may develop other more serious diseases.Below you can see a video about the tachycardia in children, to be able to identify it from your child.